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Luxurious flowers of bright colors create a cozy atmosphere even in the most modest interior of a house or apartment. It is gerbera room, care at home for which requires certain knowledge, refers to this type of plant. Often, it is grown on the street or in a greenhouse. However, good lighting and a warm microclimate in the apartment allow households to enjoy its flowering for a long time. There are some secrets of planting, feeding, breeding and caring for this representative of the Astrope.
Features of landing
Gerberu room attributed to the family of herbaceous plants perennial. Its flowers resemble a large chamomile with a daisy center in structure. Densely planted petals make it 5 times more effective.
This variety of Asters is low. Five or seven flowers in one pot will give the home atmosphere a chic look. You can achieve this result if you choose the right pot. It must be made of clay. Due to the porosity of the material, the roots can breathe. Moreover, it helps maintain the necessary temperature in the soil.
Transplantation of purchased specimens should be conducted 14-20 days after the purchase. During this period, the plant adapts to the new conditions. Stems and leaves will become more elastic, uplifted. When transplanting, consider the following:
- the size of the pot is more than twice the previous one;
- treat the container with boiling water for disinfection;
- completely replace the entire soil, gently shaking the temporary soil from the roots;
- young sprouts need fertilizing, the frequency of fertilizer application: first time every 4-8 days.
As shown in the photo, home care for the room gerbera includes the creation of favorable conditions for its prosperity. As in the garden, so at home, it does not require special attention.
Prolonged lighting leads to the degeneration of the variety. The plant is depleted and disappears literally in 2 years.
Planting soil (transplant)
The soil must be light, and therefore slightly acidic. Experts do not recommend using compost as a fertilizer, as well as humus. You can make the most nutritious soil yourself. To do this, mix the following components:
- two parts of deciduous soil;
- 1 part of peat;
- one part of sand or moss sphagnum;
- filler, consisting of expanded clay and pine bark.
Of paramount importance, the condition - a rosette socket should protrude from the ground, -2 cm above. Carry out a transplant at a rest period, when it does not bloom. Otherwise, you can disturb her natural biorhythm.If such a charm was presented to the mistress of the blossoming, then it is not necessary to hasten her transplantation. In a small pot, it can grow well for a long period.
Transplant gerberom is advised in early spring or late winter. For this, you can take a clay pot, whose diameter is 2-3 cm larger than the previous one. This will allow it to blossom faster.
Requirements for lighting
The most optimal period of daylight is 12 hours. Therefore, it is better to choose a place where bright sunlight penetrates. In another case, it is allowed to be scattered. The duration and quality of flowering depends on how to care for the room gerberas.For example, during the summer period it is necessary to take out the pot on the balcony. If this can not be done, then you should regularly ventilate the room. Streams of fresh warm air improve the process of transporting nutrients to the leaves, as well as flowers.
From the middle of summer to the end of August, this amazing chamomile "casts" all its forces on the build-up of greenery. Since the light day is more than 12 hours, the kidneys just do not have time to tie. By the end of August, a turbulent period of its flowering begins, which lasts until November.
Temperature and humidity
The competent care for a room gerbera also includes compliance with temperature restrictions. Although this is a fairly hardy plant, you do not need to abuse it. Entering the period of rest, the transvaal chamomile (another name for the flowerpot) can cease to bloom altogether. The optimal conditions for its cultivation are:
- in winter not less than 11-14 ° С;
- in the warm season from 20 to 25 ° C;
- limit the possibility of frequent changes in temperature;
- provide relatively high humidity.
It is not recommended to keep the plant on the balcony in winter. Dampness and cold bring the gerbera into a drowsy state. Over time, it can millet die.
The birthplace of this flower is Africa (about. Madagascar), as well as Asia. In this regard, it is important to consider that in those parts of the tropical climate. Therefore, the best thing for a flower of the gerbera is to create natural habitats.
It is extremely dangerous to water the pot with cool water on hot, summer days. Subcooling the root system will lead to dangerous diseases. In addition, the ground should not dry out. If it is overmoistened, the root rosette begins to rot. In addition, nematodes can live in wet soil - parasitic roundworms, with which it is almost impossible to do away with. The main secret of Gerbera room care at home is covered in the correct technology of her watering, namely:
- It is necessary to pour on the outer walls of the container, so that the liquid does not fall on the roots;
- daily sprinkle only the leaves, because the flowers, unfortunately, do not withstand such water procedures;
- use pallet. To do this, it is filled with liquid. After 30 minutes, the remaining water is poured out.
Some growers advise watering in two cases: during the heating season (the air is too dry) and at the end of February. The beginning of March is the period of active growth of the stem and kidneys.
To water the flowers you need to use stagnant water. To do this, they collect a liquid in the bottle and leave it for a day in the kitchen, because it's warm there. Then the water temperature will not be lower than 20 degrees.
Preference should be given to mineral fertilizers. Gerbera room, depicted in the photo, has a very delicate root system, so it does not tolerate organic. Humus or compost simply burns its elegant roots. It should also be taken into account that for certain natural cycles of its development a certain composition of feeding is needed. In the original it looks like this:
- in the rest period (July, August, February and March) use nitrogen-containing fertilizers, this time the gerbera only grows greens;
- During flowering apply potassium top dressing;
- when pale spots appear on the leaves, it is important to add magnesium sulfate to the soil (the solution is prepared from 5 liters of water and 10 g of powder);
- in the composition of the soil must be iron, it prevents the appearance of chlorosis.
Top dressing can not be carried out with strongly concentrated solutions. Dilute the drug is 2 times the volume of fluid specified in the instructions.
Unfortunately, opinions about the frequency of fertilizer application are different. Some say that it is necessary to do this in 1-2 weeks, while others say that one feeding in a decade is enough. In connection with this difference of opinion, each hostess must decide for himself how to take care of the room gerbera. This will help her to observe, as well as simple female intuition. As far as possible, it is necessary to wax the ground once a week, giving the roots a sufficient dose of oxygen.
Home plant varieties do not need pruning. It is enough just to carefully remove the dried flowers or leaves.
Diseases and pests
Nothing so frustrating desperate housewives as gerbera diseases room, because this luxurious plant just melts before our eyes. When the first signs of parasitization appear, you should act immediately. The following pests need to know in person:
- Powdery mildew. Cold water or frequent and sharp temperature changes contribute to powdery mildew. The reason for this can also be the abuse of nitrogen-containing additives.
- Spider mite. The lack of moisture leads to the fact that the leaves dry out and begin to fall off. Fighting - spraying 3 times a day. The use of fungicides also destroys the tick.
- Mold (white and gray). Water in the soil stagnates, and as a result, fungal divorces appear. Affected leaves, sometimes stems, it is important to immediately cut off.
- Aphids, as well as whitefly. Eliminate the pest with solutions containing copper (for example, copper sulfate), or insecticides.
- Phytophthora. The reason is that the ground remains moist for a long time.
Although this exotic aster is of tropical origin, yet excessive humidity can harm it. Therefore, when caring for a room gerbera at home, special attention should be paid to the watering and spraying procedure. The result will be rich and magnificent flowers of the Transvaal daisy.