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Only the first spring rays of the sun hit the ground, the snowdrops bloom. And when the constant heat comes, lovely flowers appear under the name - anemone. Looking at these gentle creatures, you notice how gracefully they swing, even with a slight blow of the wind. And snow-white buds resemble spring snow on green grass.
Its name was a humble flower due to its special sensitivity to the wind. Its large petals instantly react to any changes in the air, while remaining resistant to strong gusts. Translated from Greek, the name of the flower means "daughter of the winds which shows its unearthly greatness. In horticulture grow a huge number of species of anemone, and different shades.
Gentle beauty on the spring holiday of flowers
When the spring comes to the earth, and the earth puts on a magnificent outfit of flowers, one involuntarily wants to smile and enjoy life. Looking at the tender petals of an anemone, it seems that this Cinderella fell on a holiday of flowers. But it is worth considering it closer, it is impossible to pass by such a modest beauty.
Vetrenica belongs to the family "Lyutikovye" and is a perennial herbaceous plant. It grows in the entire Northern Hemisphere, where there is a relatively mild climate. It can be seen on forest edges and vast meadows, on mountain slopes and in river valleys. Whereever an anemone (another name for a flower) appears, it gives spring warmth and a smile to people.
This humble plant can grow to a height of 10 to 100 cm. Buds come in a variety of colorings. Here are some of them:
Flowers consist of five (sometimes 7 or 8 pieces) of delicate petals, which can be semi-double and double. They are kept on long solitary peduncles. Bloom anemones in early spring (in colder places in April or in May), what attracts the attention of lovers of garden plants.
Thanks to the painstaking work of the breeders, new varieties of anemone were bred. Some of them are dissolved in July or in September. With a wise approach to growing flowers on the site, you can plant different varieties of anemone. As a result, the holiday of flowers will last a whole season.
Plant anemone has truncated three-petioled leaves. They are located on short petioles of 3 pieces together. Near the root system, there is sometimes a single leaf or none at all. It is interesting that a smooth cylindrical rhizome is able to quickly throw out shoots. Therefore, flowers often form whole colonies, turning the site into a chic carpet.
In June, when the luxuriant flowering leaves, the fetus appears fruit. They are an oblong sac with a huge number of seeds.Windswept seed is often found in new areas, where tender spring flowers may appear.
Cultivation of an anemone in a garden plot
An anemone flower usually blossoms much earlier than leaves and leaves appear on trees and bushes. Therefore, it is better to plant them first in shady places or in the penumbra. After all, their ancient congeners grew in dense thickets of majestic forests.
Anemones harmoniously look at the background of pygmy bushes of barberry or spiraea. Their delicate attire is nicely distinguished among tulips or pansies. A charming thickets can decorate any suburban front garden and give a lot of positive emotions.
Planting and caring for an anemone involves the implementation of simple rules:
- Suitable soil. Anemones prefer a light humus soil, which must be moist. Even after the death of the flower shoots, it is necessary to water the area moderately. Some types of anemone in the soil require additional substances - dolomite flour or wood ash.
- Regular care for floral carpets. Since tender anemones are able to grow rapidly, forming dense green bedspreads, it is necessary to maintain their decorativeness. For this, the plant is transplanted to new sites. The process of transplantation is better to start before the plant loses its foliage and prepares for winter. In some cases, blossoming anemones can also be transplanted.
- Competent watering of the plant. In view of the fact that the anemone blooms in the early spring, it becomes clear - she loves moisture. If the spring turned out to be arid, it is important to constantly moisten the soil under the flower carpet anemone. Summer and autumn varieties should also not be left without additional moisture.
- Reproduction. To breed an anemone with the help of a rhizome, it does not need to be completely excavated from the soil. It is enough to extract from it small elements with kidneys to place in a new place. You can also multiply flowers by sowing seeds.
When planting pieces of rhizome, the root neck can not be covered with soil. She must stay at ground level to successfully germinate.
Cute types of modest flowers
The anemone shown on the photo is a beautiful flower that has been used in gardening for several centuries. It is especially appreciated during the lush flowering in the early spring. In nature, there are more than 150 kinds of cute "spring smile". In Russia, grows about 46 varieties. A detailed acquaintance with some of them will make it possible to get to know this sweet, modest person.
This cute flower dissolves its buds in early spring. It grows in height from 20 to 50 cm. He likes to grow in thickets of low bushes and in forest glades. It occurs in the northern expanses of Europe, in Siberia, on the mountain slopes of the Crimean and Caucasian mountains.
The root system of the forest anemone consists of a powerful vertical rhizome of black color. From it in the beginning of spring grow basal plate plates, about 20 cm in size. In mid-May from the rosette appears peduncles with large white buds. In rare cases, the back of the inflorescence is colored purple. The core of the humble flower is colored yellow, which looks original against the background of a lush green carpet.
The leafy leaves of the plant are usually green. The plate is cut, resembles a green carrot, but a little larger. Flowers grow large colonies, completely covering the soil.
Oak forest oak
When the warm rays of the spring sun melt the last snow, an oak grove grows from the soil. The height of a slender flower reaches only 20 cm in height. Sheet plates are long-petiolate, originally dissected in three places. Buds are often white, but sometimes there are purple and light pink specimens. Flowering period - April or early May. Fruits appear in the form of an oblong achene, in which there are many seeds. The plant likes to grow under the broad canopy of trees or bushes.
Some types of windswept are listed in the Red Book. This is the type considered to be this. It is a flower with a cylindrical rhizome of yellow or brown color. Thanks to him, the plant grows rapidly, completely covering the soil with greenery. The stems of the plant are bare, grow up to 20 cm. The leaves are dissected, crenate. Peduncles of the Altaic anemone solitary. The buds are painted white. At the base of the cup, from the outside, a violet tint is visible.
Gentle greenery of this species of anemone appear in early spring on the shady fringes of the forest. The buds of yellow color open in April or May and bloom for 12 days. The calcified leaves of the feces are located under the buds. A rhizome of a creeping nature is found in the soil at a depth of 5 cm, so the plant grows rapidly.
On personal plots, it is better to grow decorative varieties of anemone luthly, with terry inflorescences and purple leaves.
A miniature perennial plant is distinguished by a well-developed vertical rhizome. Several leaves on elongated petioles leave it. From the center of the rosette comes an erect flower spike, on which yellow buds blossom. Often, the buttercup frenzy is called a jellyfish or a frog's potion. But this does not affect her tender beauty. The plant blossoms in the last days of March for 4 weeks.
Chickenwort is considered to be a very poisonous plant. Therefore, after any contact with it, you should thoroughly wash your hands.
If you look at Lake Baikal from space, it looks like the blue eye of the planet. No less attractive is the nature of this charming place. Among the many plants here in the early spring, blossoms snow white beauty - an anemone Baikal. Based on observations of botanists, the flower can soon disappear from the plant kingdom. For this reason, it is listed in the Red Book and is under protection.
The flower has trimmed inflorescences of white color. They look original against the backdrop of many thrice-cut leaves of a velvety, down-to-earth carpet. The plant likes shaded places and rich soil. Sow anemone Baikal is desirable for the winter.
A detailed description of an anemone shows that this plant fits perfectly into the home landscape of a country house. It does not require special care, it multiplies easily and can long please the eye with its flowers. Maybe it's worth planting these modest flowers at your dacha? They will not disappoint.