A kitchen is a room with special requirements for design and equipment. It should not only please the eye, but also create a comfortable working environment and comply with safety requirements. The kitchen serves as a kind of workshop, since they work in it. At the same time, it is a place for storing products and tools necessary for cooking. And most often it is also a dining room. Combining all this in one room, and even often a small one, is not so easy. General requirements and traditional solutions for this room were formulated. Most of them are embodied in the kitchen in a classic way. Let's talk about beautiful, even chic, classic kitchens (photo at the end of the article).
Features of the interior design of a modern beautiful classic kitchen
Any style implies certain rules, restrictions, and requirements for artistic solutions that must be observed in order for the result to correspond to it. Each of them has its own concept, which hides the idea of an ideal life and the image that most fully expresses it. For one style, the main thing is naturalness, for another - modern technologies, for the third - luxury.
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When they talk about classics in the interior of a kitchen, they often mean one of several styles that unite a lot, and first of all, the time-tested cultural traditions of Europe. This:
- Antique style, which is based on the interiors of Ancient Greece and Rome. It is characterized by harmony, proportionality, the use of natural paints and materials. His main ideas and findings later found a new embodiment in the style of "classicism";
- The interior of the kitchen is often called classic if it is made in accordance with the basic requirements of the historical architectural styles of Europe, such as classicism, empire style, implicitly expressed baroque or rococo;
- Modern classical style or neoclassicism, embodying generalized principles and ideas the styles listed above, adding to them the national traditions of European peoples without literal following them.
Before talking about the interior of the kitchen, let's name the main features of this style, common to the creation of any room.
What needs to be considered
One of the main features of the classic style is the love of symmetry and clear forms, straight lines. This is embodied both in the chosen furniture and in the overall construction of the interior composition.
Hence, another characteristic feature follows - the presence of an obligatory compositional center around which the rest of the objects are built. If we draw a mental line through it, then we should see as if the reflection of objects located on one side. If we have a chair to the left, then it should be the same to the right of the center. Everything in the interior composition should be interconnected and built into a single harmonious scheme. In a large room, there may be several such focal points. In a small kitchen, such a center is often a stove imitating a fireplace.
Another principle of a classic interior is proportionality, balance of all parts.
The overall impression that a classic interior should create is comfort and luxury. This is achieved by the appropriate choice of materials, colors, furniture and decor.
Wall, floor, ceiling decoration materials
Since we are talking about the classics, that is, about the style that originated in the depths of the centuries, it is quite obvious that the choice here is made in favor of natural materials or their high-quality imitation. It is dominated by stone, wood, metal, glass, stucco molding, high-quality textiles.
The walls are usually finished with plaster - this is the best choice for this style. Today, paintable wallpaper is sometimes used, but they also have to imitate painted walls. For an apron that solves functional tasks, tiles that imitate natural stone are used. Marble works best. Appropriate, if the area of the room and the chosen design allows it, are wooden decorative panels, which are usually in harmony with the furniture. Also, sometimes decorative stucco molding is used on the walls.
The ceiling in a classic interior is white, decorated with stucco or even painting. Traditionally, stucco molding is made of plaster, but today ready-made polyurethane elements come to the rescue, which make it much easier to achieve the same artistic effect.
Floor. For him, a choice is possible between stone or wood. The ideal solution is parquet or marble tiles. A more practical option is to use laminate or floor tiles that mimic their more expensive classic counterparts.
Each style has its own color scheme. For classics, the usual choice is calm, natural colors and shades. Most often, for walls and ceilings, these are light colors: white, beige, sand, cream, light gray and pastel shades. The colors of natural wood, bronze, gold, which sound in furniture and decor, are in good harmony with them.
If the furniture is light, then it is possible to use saturated darker colors for contrast in interior decoration, but with a natural range:
- terracotta, baked clay color;
- dark green, olive;
- shades of brown reminiscent of wood;
Whether you choose a light or dark option for decorating a room is influenced by several factors - the color of the furniture and the illumination of the room. For a kitchen where there is little natural light, it is better to choose a light range regardless of the color of the furniture. If the room is naturally light due to the sunny side, then you can introduce a contrast between the color of the walls and furniture. The combination of colors must necessarily be harmonious, pleasing to the eye.
Bright, catchy accents in the decor are undesirable or should be minimized. But even so, no acidic colors, only those colors that can be found in nature.
It is these harmonious colors that explain the love for the classics. After all, they do not tire and can delight for a long time.
The classic impression of luxury in the kitchen, in addition to the use of natural materials, is created by furniture. It should also be made of natural wood or, more economically, covered with natural veneer. Metal or imitation bronze fittings. Countertops in kitchen units are also made of natural stone or a good imitation of it.
The furniture itself, with its forms and decor, refers to the styles of past eras. If the kitchen is large, spacious, then it can be pretentious and majestic, decorated with carvings or inlay.
For a small kitchen, an excess of such decorations, excessive massiveness of furniture will be inappropriate. More austere and graceful forms are suitable here, albeit using references to the history of European furniture.
A must-have accessory in such a kitchen will be a dining table, around which there are chairs, forming a distinct dining area.
The color of the furniture is decided in the natural range common for this style - all shades of wood: from light to dark, beige, sand, cream, etc.
The image of a classic kitchen will be effectively complemented by the appropriate decor: vases, paintings, lamps and figurines. Dishes, which do not hide behind closed doors, but are placed in plain sight, also become an element of the decor.
But it is advisable to hide the refrigerator and other technological things behind doors or in niches.
For the classic style, the issue of lighting is important. Since in the past a single chandelier could not provide enough light, architects cared about having multiple light sources. This could be natural light through several large windows, and additional sources of artificial light - wall lamps, table lamps.
The main chandelier is most often voluminous, multi-track, it is one of the compositional centers of the room.
Features of designing a chic classic kitchen
For a classic kitchen, it is imperative to allocate two zones - working and dining. In the working room there is a stove, a sink, a cutting table. In the dining room - a table with chairs or a sofa, if space permits.
Zoning is achieved through lighting, appropriate placement and design of furniture, floor and wall decoration, and small architectural forms.
A spacious room with large windows and high ceilings is ideal for a classic kitchen. It allows you to favorably emphasize the strengths of this style, using stately furniture, all the richness of the decor possible for this style, building the entire composition around several centers. In it, a corner kitchen set looks perfect, which is placed along two walls converging perpendicularly. In this case, the dining area is placed diagonally from it.
Another option can be a U-shaped set, where the center will be a stove decorated under a fireplace with a corresponding design around.
In a small kitchen, it is especially important to compactly place all the necessary elements. It is important here to avoid feeling cluttered. Usually linear zoning is used, in which the main zones are placed parallel to the long wall. Therefore, a standard straight kitchen set is usually used, which is placed directly along the wall. A well-designed headset allows you to place everything you need in it, ensuring the comfort of the hostess and the harmony of the room.
This arrangement makes the visually narrow kitchen more spacious.
Photo: kitchen interior design in classic style
Classics in the interior are time-tested design techniques that many like, and therefore do not go out of fashion. Choose the arrangement of the kitchen in this option - you will not go wrong!
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