Sea buckthorn has grown fond of many gardenersfor their medicinal properties. Many beginning gardeners grow seabuckthorn from acquired seedlings. As a rule, it is rather difficult to find quality planting material.
Sea-buckthorn is a dioecious plant, this means that it is able to be a male plant or female, therefore, to get a good harvest, trees should be planted together..
Table of contents
- Ways of reproduction of sea-buckthorn
- Odrevesnevshimi cuttings
- Green cuttings
- How to propagate by dividing the bush
- The best time to plant is in autumn or spring?
Ways of reproduction of sea-buckthorn
Useful sea-buckthorn was liked by many gardeners. At the momentmany different varieties.
There are several ways of breeding sea buckthorn:
- lignified and green cuttings.
Each gardener shaves the best optionfor myself. Let us consider in more detail each of these methods.
For those gardeners who wantRapidly multiply the sea-buckthorn bush, one should take into account the method of reproduction by shoots.
Planting material actsshoots, get it by injuring the roots of sea-buckthorn with a shovel. Also, damage can happen unintentionally, as the roots of sea buckthorn cover long distances.
When the offspring appear, it is necessary to provide him with the necessary care in the form of hilling and wet keeping.
Articles that may be of interest to you:
- How to store and process sea buckthorn at home.
- Useful properties and contra-indications of berries and sea buckthorn berries.
Then dilute the mound (in the spring of next year), do it gently, with your hands, thenWith the horizontal movement of the knife, separate the offspring from the root, by that time it will grow stronger with its roots.
After which it must be transplanted(the place is prepared from autumn). In the future, it is necessary to regularly feed the plant and systematically water..
Preparation of lignified cuttings is carried out in November, choosing suitable cuttings not less than 5 mm thick, they must be hidden in the snow. At the onset of spring cuttings are cut, the main length of the cut after cutting is 20 cm.
Then they must be soaked in water. Cuttings can be left in the water for two weeks, during this time, the buds spread out, and small root rudiments appear.
Preparation of the site for planting is carried out in advance. During the autumn digging, up to 9 kg of humus per 1 m is introduced into the soil. In the spring, a second digging is performed and the place is carefully leveled for planting.
The bed must be at least 1 meter wide, it should not be too high, some even trample down the tracks on the sides so that the ridge almost protrudes above the territory.
When the soil temperature reaches 5 degrees,cuttings are planted. Leaving several kidneys on the surface, abundant watering of the cuttings is carried out, after which the soil is mulched with fertilizer.
After the cuttings are planted, it is necessary to control almost every day the condition of the soil, its moisture,watering of long cuttings is carried out with a frequency of 1 time in 4 days, short - every day.
Standard sizes, some seedlings reach the end of the season and the next year in the spring, you can make a permanent change.
Advantages of this method:
- the method does not require special skills and is suitable for amateur gardeners;
- the result in the form of a clone of a mother plant can also be considered an advantage.
Disadvantages:Cuttings do not get well with low humidity..
This type of reproduction of sea-buckthornfrom June to July. First cut the cuttings (10 cm), this requires a sharp knife. Then make the lower cut and the top.
For good rooting,Cuttings must be treated with a growth agent, you can use the heteroauxin proportions: 1 tablet per 1 liter of water.
After 16 hours, the cuttings should be rinsed and planted in the soil, then covered with a film or jar. It is best if the soil is light,The most suitable type of soil is peat. Cuttings should be cut 4 cm.
To protect cuttings from a disease called a black leg, it is necessary to water them with a solution containing potassium permanganate..
The film or can is removed from the cuttings after they have taken root. The cuttings are transferred to a permanent place one year after they have taken root.
Benefits:100% survival rate.
Disadvantages:rather laborious process, is more suitable for experienced gardeners..
How to propagate by dividing the bush
To this type of reproductionusually resorted to plant transplantation from one place to another.
Favorable time for the procedure -early spring or late autumn, but before the frost hits.
The bushes are excavated, all old branches are cut off, leaving only healthy ones. Shaking up excessively pieces of soil from the roots, divide the bush into parts with the help of a garden pruner.
Carrying out the division of the bush, it is necessary to check the presence of a healthy root system in each part of the bush. Seedling should have developed roots,The old rhizomes are removed, everything else needs to be trimmed..
This method is liked by many newcomersin gardening, because it is effective in growing quality seedlings.
Reproduction by layers is carried out as follows: take the lowest branch of the sea-buckthorn and closely press and priyaioevayut to the ground, leaving the top of the branch on the surface. Then abundantly sprinkled with humus and during the summer they maintain moisture.
By the autumn each stem gives several shoots. With the onset of spring, the strongest specimens are collected and planted on a permanent place.
BenefitsSuch a method consists in the following:
- all biological characteristics of the bush are transferred;
- good rooting.
Of the shortcomingswe can distinguish the following: a few annual shoots, the trunk of the fruit tree is exposed.
Reproduction by seeds is the simplest way. With this type of reproduction, the properties of the variety do not pass to seedlings, in addition, more than half of the seedlings are masculine.
Seed multiplication in stages:
- Seed collectionwith quality and healthy seabuckthorn bushes. The seeds are extracted by the following method: the fruits are ground, the juice is separated, the pulp is washed several times with water and then left to dry in the shade. After drying, the seeds are separated from the pulp and peel.
- After collection, it is necessary to provide seedssafe storage. Put seeds in a paper bag in a dry and warm room.
- Sowing. Under suitable conditions, the seeds of sea-buckthorn can preserve their properties for 3 years. You can sow seeds in the spring period, as well as in autumn. From many species of trees, sea-buckthorn seeds are molded in that they do not have a rest period, they rise after harvesting and with dry storage. Seed the seeds of sea-buckthorn before freezing, in early November. It is not recommended to sow earlier, as the seeds germinate very quickly, which can lead to the freezing of the seedlings. During spring sowing, seeds are usually stratified.
The best time to plant is in autumn or spring?
Sea buckthorn is difficult to tolerate cold winters, vegetation can begin very early.
Planting or transplanting is best done in early spring. Saplings that have an open root systemic, this is extremely important, because during the transplant the plant loses some of the roots.
In the case when the seedling is in the container for a long time (more than 1 year), the task of transplantation is simplified. You can transplant the plant from the container at any time of the year.
It is still worthwhile to orient oneself for summer and spring, since in this case the seedlings will have time to build up a good root system before winter, which will allow it to transfer frosts more easily.
Each method has its own characteristics, advantages. Some methods can not be implemented without having a certain experience, and inventory.
Beginners should focus on simpler methodsreproduction of sea-buckthorn, and with the acquisition of the skill to move to a more complex level and then the result in the form of beautiful, fruit-bearing trees will not keep you waiting.
Sea-buckthorn farm equipment: