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Thuja Globosa (Thuja occidentalis Globosa) is an evergreen dwarf shrub of the cypress family. Thuya reaches a height of 1 m and a diameter of 1 m. It grows very slowly, adding only five centimeters a year in growth. The twenty-year-old thuja reaches, m in height.
For its spherical shape is widely used in landscape design. Dense needles in the form of small scales change color throughout the year from light green to brown in winter. The flat shoots stretching upwards, crossing themselves, form a dense crown. To maintain the decorative appearance and give the bush the desired shape, it is recommended to cut twice a year. In summer, the bush has a dark green color. On the shoots are located brown cones, reaching a size of 1 cm. Perfectly tolerates the Russian winter. Thuya is a long-liver among shrubs, there are specimens of 200 years of age.
Tuya is not capricious, grows well on any soil, does not like excessive moisture. He prefers sunny places, but well tolerates shading. Growing in the shadow of the bushes have a sparse crown, with growth can deviate from the traditional spherical shape, stretching in length.
Landing of the Tui Globosa
Planting and caring for western Globose thai is easily feasible under the conditions of the Russian climate and does not represent special work.
For planting a site is selected, it is cleared of weeds, the soil is loosened. Plant the seedlings in spring or August-September. Prepare pits for the size of the earth coma around the plant, pour rubble or sand to the bottom of the layer to 15 cm for drainage. A seedling does not need to go deep into the ground, the place from which the roots start should be at the soil level.
The saplings bought in the store in the fertilizer do not need, since they are already present in the basal coma.
Before planting the plant should be carefully examined, pay attention to the color of the roots: they must be white. The seedlings are covered with a pre-prepared earth mix of peat, sand and turf in a 1: 1: 2 ratio. An ideal soil for thai is loamy soil.
The plant is watered twice a week, like it sprinkles the crown. Sprinkling is carried out in the morning or evening. The spray is moderate, because if water remains on the shoots, it can lead to the appearance of fungal diseases.
Feed in three years. Every spring, loosen the ground, doing so carefully to avoid damage to the basal system of thuja. It is recommended to mulch the soil with peat or chips a layer of up to seven cm. In winter, you can replace it with coniferous branches to avoid the appearance of small rodents. Crop the branches for better growth, forming the crown of the bush.
In the first year after planting, it is recommended to cover the bush with a building net from exposure to sunlight. Since the root system is weak and the tips of the plants can get burns. Young bushes during a snowy winter need to be covered with a frame to avoid breaking brittle branches. Branches tightly tightened with tape. Otherwise, when a bush breaks, unevenness in the crown remains, which is difficult to even out even when cutting.
Touja care Globose
Tue care involves:
- loosening of the soil;
- timely pruning of branches;
- crown formation;
Thuya Globosa is resistant to diseases. But if the conditions of care are violated, it is possible to infect phytophthora, the appearance of a false-brushing. The use of insecticides Fufanon, Aktara, Aktellik helps to get rid of diseases.
If the branches dry, it is necessary to carry out treatment with fungicides Topaz, Abiga-Peak, Hom.
Tui Globosa on the plot
In landscape design, a wide variety of forms of thuya are widely used: Aurea and Compacta.
Thuya Globosa Aurea is distinguished by a slightly elongated shape of the crown, reaching a height, m. The ovoid crown salad color allows you to use the bush in landscape design to create compositions and for a separate landing.
The requirements for planting and care are the same as for all types of thujas. In spring, fertilizing is carried out with complex fertilizers. Thuya Aurea is well tolerated by Russian frosts. In spring, after planting, the shrub is shaded from direct sunlight, so as not to cause drying of the needles.
Thuya Globosa Compacta has a spherical shape. The height of the bush is up to sixty centimeters. Dense crown of yellow-green color. The low-bush shrub is used for planting in rock gardens, hills. Well combined in combination with trees and shrubs, allowing you to create a variety of compositions.
Looks good in the pots. Suitable for landscaping of balconies, verandas, roofs. Great popularity Tuyya Compacta acquired in the greening of the urban landscape, adjacent to offices, cafes, institutions, territories. It is not exacting to soil and care. Thuya of this species slowly grows, the crown retains its natural spherical shape, so it does not require a haircut.
It grows on loamy soil. It grows well both on sunny places and in shaded areas. It is advisable not to plant on the windy side. In the spring it is necessary to make mineral top dressings. Well tolerates the winter.