The main function of the queen bee is the laying of eggs. In the family there is only one fetus. About their parents, bees are cared for and protected. It has its own suite, which provides it with food (royal jelly).
Table of contents
- Beekeeping for beginners: how does the queen bee?
- How long does it take to get the queen bee from scratch in a natural way?
- Cycle, stages and terms of development of the larva in the mother liquor by days
- How is the uterus excreted without the larva?
- Bee milt growing
- Basic rules of deducing
- Bicuspid content of the bee family
- In double hulls
- In multihull hives
- In the sun beds
Beekeeping for beginners: how does the queen bee?
The queen bee or as it is called beekeepers "Queen" is the parent of all the bees living in the hive.In nature, the life expectancy can reach up to 8 years, but in the beekeeping the uterus is usually changed after 2 years to a young one. This is due to the fact that the active seeding of eggs occurs in the first two years, then the reproduction decreases. The beekeeper can change it earlier, if it does not give good results.
Now let's talk about how the queen bee looks. It can easily be distinguished from working bees in shape and size.It has an elongated body, reaching a size of 2-2.5 cm.The abdomen of it, unlike other bees, protrudes beyond the wings. At the end there is a sting, but it is used to protect against other bees.
Has a smaller eye size. Weight - 0.025 grams, and barren - 0.020 grams. Weight and size depend on the age of the bee and the breed. The uterus is fetal and barren. The first - do sowing by working bees, the second is sown with a drones..
How long does it take to get the queen bee from scratch in a natural way?
Let's analyze how and how many days the uterus of the bee is excreted? Those beekeepers who are seriously engaged in apiary,this knowledge is necessary for the following reasons:
- To change an old individual to a young one.
- For breeding work.
- To prevent the swarm of bees.
- For seeding control.
- Will help to identify the processing.
The process of removing the pchelomatka begins with the sowing of the egg. From the fetal egg, the uterus is excreted, which subsequently sows working bees. Of barren seeding are displayed.
In a bowl built on honeycomb, the uterus makes eggs sowing. A larva develops from it, which is taken care of and protected by bees.The larva of the future uterus is fed with royal jelly and continue to pull out the moth from the bowl. On the 7th day they seal it.
Before they are sealed, they fill it with food for the larva. They are royal jelly. Those beekeepers who collect it for sale, just this time is the most convenient for collection.
After how many days does the queen bee exit and leave the mother liquor? Before the exit from the mother liquor, the larva, feeding on milk, grows and turns into a pupa. From the chrysalis to the uterus. For some time she still ripens in the mother liquor.On the 16th day there is a way out of the queen cell, by its gnawing.
At first, after leaving the queen,The young womb gets strength and eliminates the remaining queen cells.At the same time they are divided into fetuses and tinder. Fruits are those individuals who within 7 days will make a flight and mate with drones. In this process, the whole family is involved. If this happens then, after 3 days in the hive, the bees must be seeded.
Fetal uterus can live 5 years, but for the production of honey for so long it is inappropriate to keep it. After 2 years, it should be changed to a young one, because after this time the seeding decreases. Autumn seeding ends early, and spring begins later.If the queen does not fly around, then a drone seeding will appear in the hive.Such a family is doomed to perish. The processing should be removed and the fetus populated.
Cycle, stages and terms of development of the larva in the mother liquor by days
Graph of the output of queen bees.
|On the 7th day||The mother liquor is sealed up|
|On the 16th day||Leaving an infertile specimen|
|After 3-5 days in the hive||Flyover|
|In 7 days||Matrimonial Circumference|
|After 14 days||Ability to determine the quality|
Without mating with drones, it is impossible to get a fetal uterus.But the number of drones in the hive must be constantly monitored. How does the drone develop?
The trot is formed in the same way as the working bee, but has a longer development cycle. If you look at the honeycomb, then the cells with the drones in the honeycombs are larger. They have a convex, loose lid. From the egg to the adult, 24 days pass.To mate the drone is ready for 33 days.Therefore, it is important to look at the calendar and not miss this time..
How is the uterus excreted without the larva?
A simple method that beekeepers use to get a young womb without buying. It is popular on private apiaries and is available for beginners.For success in the withdrawal of the uterus should choose a strong family. If the queens are required more, then several families are selected.
In the central part of the body, more precisely in the inter-frame space, an insulator is installed, where egg-laying will take place. If the isolator is not available, then they can be replaced by cells. At the stage when larvae appear in the honeycombs, they are planted in a prepared brood..
Further actions of the beekeeper
- After a lapse of 6 hours, honeycombs are taken with the eggs laid. They are taken out of the hive.
- With a heated knife, a strip with eggs laid out is cut out.
- On the one hand cut off at half height. Of the three cells, there will be one.
- On the remaining cells with larvae, a rod to carefully expand the holes (artificially make the bowls). Mothers will be built here.
- A pre-prepared strip is attached to an empty cellular frame.
- A hole of no more than 5 cm in height is made (parallel to the bar located on top).
- The strip is pasted with melted wax or wooden hairpins. It is taken into account how many queens are required and as many holes are made.
Bee milt growing
The queen is raised where the larvae are selected.The frame is placed in place of the one that was removed before. There will be a conglomeration of worker bees, who constantly monitor the order, for the timely delivery of royal jelly and the building of queen cells.
Thus, the family turns into educators. Before the appearance of the uterus, the uterus is cut out and placed in the nucleus or cells. Thus, the individual is raised without transferring the larva.
You may also be interested in the following articles on the topic of beekeeping:
- Useful properties of linden honey.
- How to take honey and water in the morning?
- The causes of swarming of the bees.
- Treatment of dangerous diseases of bees.
Basic rules of deducing
The uterus is grown simultaneously with the brood of drones (thus, sexually mature drones appear).
- A prolific specimen appears with good honey.
- Uterus, grown from large larvae, is better than small ones.
- For the output, larvae are used which are 12 hours long.
Bicuspid content of the bee family
The bicarbonate content of bee colonies allows to increase the hives to the main honey collector andso you can increase the collection of honey by 50%.Contain in this way is expedient in the middle zone of Russia and in its northern regions, since the period of honey gathering in these regions is brief and usually ends in July.
Advantages of double-batch maintenance of bees in multi-hull beehives:
- in winter time, the consumption of feed decreases (due to mutual heating);
- increases seeding;
- the activity of the bee increases;
- the collection of honey increases.
- bulky and heavy hives;
- deterioration of ventilation;
- it is difficult to prevent swarming;
- when viewing the frames of Nuno, disassemble the entire structure.
In double hulls
This method is used in hives for two shells (12 frames) and two stores. During the flowering of the willow, the nest is expanded with a wax. Thus, by the beginning of May, there are 8 frames with seeding. If the bees are laid on them by the bees, the body is removed and placed next to it.
Instead, they put the case with half the frames and the source.It is closed by a blind partition and a body with a uterus is installed on top. The summer should be turned in the opposite direction.
After 4 days, the queen mothers are removed from the lower housing. The cells rotate in one direction. Now in the hive there are two "queens". They are kept to honey.
During the main honeycomb, the septum is removed. Since there is only one uterus in the hive, when the families are joined, the strong kills the weak.
In multihull hives
With the help of double-celled families, beekeepers in multi-hive beehives build up strong families to the main honey collector. For this, in the first ten days of May, the withdrawal of the queens begins to form. From the second half of the family, two three cases are occupied, and in the upper one they organize a line. In it, put a barren specimen and a mother fruit. At the end of the month, the sowing begins.
Now work begins on active building up of families by two uteruses. On the layers in 6-8 frames, the dividing grid is placed for 1-2 days. After the body is filled with frames with a wax. They put the dividing grid and the body on top.The old "queen" is being removed. A new batch is made on it.
These families do not swarm and have a larger number of worker bees that come out of the upper hulls. Thus, the mass of collected honey increases.
In the sun beds
For some, the bicarbonate content of bees in the sunbeds is more convenient.
With this method, a deckchair is taken on 16 frames, which are divided by a dividing grid.In each department of the family with a uterus. In this form, they winter, and in the spring they build up.
In the summer period, a general store is put, a housing with a lattice. As families grow, stores are added. Thus, the harvest of honey increases.
From all that has been said, it is clear that the uterus plays the main role in the hive. As you can see, it is not difficult to deduce a bee-hound if you know the case. The main thing to adhere to the specified scheme and then it is possible to deduce an individual from zero. It depends on it, how much harvest of honey you will collect. With the skill and knowledge of the treatment of the queen of the hive, you can increase the productivity of the apiary.