In cottages, kitchen gardens, you can meet various plants that give a rich harvest for vitamins.One of the most common household gardens is an onion. This plant is found in almost every dacha section. Next, consider the rules and timing of planting, especially care for family onions on the open ground..
Table of contents
- Description and description of the family bow
- Best grades
- Early maturing
- The middle-ripening
- The Kuban yellow
- Late peasants
- Siberian amber
- Early maturing
- Terms of planting a family bow in the open ground
- Soil preparation
- Rules, scheme and features of planting in spring
- Proper care of shallots
Description and description of the family bow
This herb is also called the shallot and is a multi-cavity variety of onions. Family bow is a long-term culture.This culture received its interesting name due to its peculiarity - from one bulb a so-called family is formed, a "nest"from which there are many other onions. On average, the number of such subsidiaries is up to 10 pcs. In diameter, the daughter bulbs reach up to 4 cm, weighing up to 50 g.
The form of the daughter bulbs is:
All daughter bulbs are attached to the maternal and for this reason they are irregular in shape and slightly pointed at the attachment point.
The color of scales of an onion happens:
In the cut, the bulb is white or pinkish-lilac.
In this culture, the greens are magnificent.The feathers of the bulbs are thin and delicate,and sometimes covered with a waxy coating. The greens reach a height of 30-50 cm.
The root system of this culture is edible, slightly leached and located in the plow layer.
Inflorescences of family onions are presented in the form of an umbrella, which is located on the high arrow. The latter can reach up to a meter in height. Seeds are similar in appearance to the seed of onions, but smaller in size..
This culture has a lot of varieties, which are divided into:
- early maturing;
Characterized by bulbs of round shape. The husks of this variety are pink-brown in color.Mass of onions reaches20-30g. In the nest is up to 5 pcs.
Characterized by egg-shaped bulbs. Scales white.Their mass reaches 32in
It is considered one of the best early ripening varieties.Bulbs are large in size, reach up to 40inIn the nest is usually 10 pcs.
In addition, the most common early varieties are Cascade, Family, Belozerets 94, Rostov, and others.
Characterized by bulbs of round-flat shape.Their mass on the average20-30inIn the nest is 4-5 pcs.
The Kuban yellow
Characterized by rounded-flat bulbs.Weight is25- 30inIn the family 3-4 pcs. Color of scales yellowish brown.
It is a highly productive variety.Bulbs reach a mass up to25g, a brownish-pink color.
In addition, popular varieties are Guran, Ural 40, Sophocles, Monastyrsky varieties.
Characterized by bulbs of round or roundly flattened shape.Scales yellow. In the family there are 3-4 pcs.
Characterized bybulbs in bulk23-52g, covered with pink scales. In the family there are 4-5 pcs..
Characterized byround-flat bulbs on28-30g. Scales of yellow color. In the family there are usually 6-7 pieces.
In addition, the famous are the Merneulsky, Zolotinka and Vonsky varieties..
Terms of planting a family bow in the open ground
Growing in the open ground of this plant has some features.This culture is not afraid of frosts and it is planted already in March-April. The harvest of green is ready for collection already in May, and the bulb head will ripen a month later.
Although a family bow is considered a frost-resistant plant, butFor the winter it is recommended to plant it in the southern territories. In the middle belt and in the Urals, with severe frosts, about half of the onion planted is lost..
In order to grow a good harvest, you need to choose the right site and prepare the soil. Culture well sprouts in sunlit areas.The plant perfectly feels in fertile, moderately moist soils, which must be prepared in advance before boarding.
If the disembarkation is to be carried out in the spring, the soil is prepared in autumn: the soil is cleaned of weeds, and after digging up to about a depth of 20-25 cm.
For each square meter are:
- 5 kg of humus or compost;
- 1 hour l. superphosphate;
- 1 hour l. urea;
- 2-3 tbsp. spoons of ashes wood.
Before planting in springper square meter is added by25 gramsnitrogen fertilizer. If the planting is carried out in autumn, the soil is prepared in the summer..
Rules, scheme and features of planting in spring
To protect the plant from disease, before planting the seed, it is recommended to moisten it for half an hour in a solution of a fungicidal preparation or in a solution of potassium permanganate.
For planting, take small bulbs, about 3 cm in diameter.A square meter is planted approximately30pieces, at a distance of about 10 cm from each other. Plant the onion in moistened soil, deepening by 10 cm.
In the spring planting, in order to increase the yield and prevent rifling, it is recommended to cover the crops with lutrasil, which is removed after the first gatherings. Besides,It is necessary to mulch the soil with the use of humus or peat.
If the landing is carried out for the winter, then the landing is carried out according to the same scheme, and the mulching is carried out with peat..
Proper care of shallots
Care for a plant grown in open fields is not at all difficult, and consists of the following:
- Weeding the beds.
- Top dressing.
At the beginning of growth, the family onions should be watered periodically, because if the plant does not have enough moisture, it will quickly complete the vegetation and bulbs will not be able to fill enough.About a month before the collection, the watering is stopped. A layer of mulch will help to retain moisture. For the whole season, watering is carried out at least 3 times.
In rainy weatherTo water a plant it is necessary less often, andin dry weatherWatering should be increased. In cloudy weather and without precipitation, the plant should be watered about once a week.
Loosening the soil is recommended 1-2 times a week. It is necessary to permanently remove weeds in order to prevent onion damage by incurable infections.
When the arrows appear, it is recommended that they be cut off.
Family onions perfectly tolerate top dressing.What kind of fertilizer to feed the plant:
- Bird droppings.The latter is bred with water in calculation: 5.
- Complex mineral fertilizers:40 g is dissolved in 10 liters of water.
- Inflorescence mullein.It is bred in water in the proportion: 0.
It is necessary to stop making fertilizers and stop feeding about a month before harvesting, so that culture grows bulbs, and does not continue to give greens.
Family onion in comparison with the turnip differs refined taste, quick preparation.After its use, there is practically no smell from the mouth.For these reasons, the plant has become a real gourmet find. And the cultivation of this culture is an absolutely uncomplicated occupation and under the power of aspiring gardeners..