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Do you need manure at your summer cottage
What summer resident does not dream of collecting one or two good harvests from the plot in one season? No matter how you change the place of planting, the soil is gradually depleted, and every year the crop becomes smaller. The earth needs your help. The use of organic fertilizers will help to preserve the fertility of the earth and protect the plants from many diseases. Vitamins and microelements are needed not only to humans, but also to microorganisms living in the soil that affect the overall soil structure.
As fertilizer, manure of various animals, rotted leaves and grass are used. The basic rule of a gardener and a gardener is to apply fertilizers correctly, taking into account the type of soil and the requirements of plants.
Types of used manure
A large amount of nutrients and an excellent property to warm up and decompose in a short time makes horse manure the best fertilizer used on the plot.
The use of horse manure as a fertilizer improves the quality of the soil:
- the amount of carbon dioxide in the soil increases significantly;
- creates optimal heat, water and air conditions;
- physico-chemical composition becomes much better;
- is observed loosening clay soil;
- beneficial microorganisms become more active;
- sandy soils retain moisture better.
Horse manure is good to use for feeding cucumbers, potatoes, zucchini, cabbage, pumpkins and other vegetables. Especially good to use manure in greenhouses for seedlings and heat-loving plants.
The use of horse manure in large quantities in the country can harm the backyard plot.
The content of potassium and nitrogen in optimal proportions and many useful microelements makes it possible to use rabbit manure as a fertilizer in garden beds. Unlike cow dung, there are no weed seeds. Rabbit dung is spread on the beds in the fall. By the spring planting of vegetables, he manages to perepret a little and become less aggressive.
Liquid dressings are popular among summer residents:
- Rabbit manure in ½ part is poured into the tank.
- The second part is filled with water.
- For 10 days, mix once a day.
- 5 parts of water are added to one part of the finished solution.
Flower growers use powder from rabbit balls mixed with earth in a 1: 1 ratio.
To use pig manure as a fertilizer, you must first determine the type of soil. For lime-like soil, manure will provide a good nutrient layer, which contributes to the rapid growth of plants. In fertile soil, first make sawdust litter, and then make pig manure. It is best to use rotten manure.
Do not use pig manure in greenhouses or greenhouses.
Like any other manure, mullein must be used without excess. Excessive introduction of cow manure as fertilizer on the beds will lead to a high content of nitrates in farmed vegetables, which is dangerous for the human body.
The popularity and success of the application of mullein in suburban areas is due to:
- The effectiveness of natural top dressing of the soil.
- Minimum financial expenses.
- Good plant response to fertilizer.
- Works not only as a fertilizer, but also as a natural protection of vegetables against many diseases.
Fresh and rotten manure is introduced into the soil. A fresh mullein is applied before digging the area in the fall, or it is sprayed and watered with a prepared infusion of the season. Overfished manure is used during digging in spring or autumn, for watering, spraying and mulching plants.
You can not water the plants with a fresh solution of mullein, so as not to burn the roots and leaves.
Infused mullein watered peppers, pumpkin, salads, cucumbers, beets, cabbage, tomatoes. The last watering is done 25 days before harvest. Do not use mullein for kohlrabi, radish, radish, peas. Fertilizing manure as an organic fertilizer is necessary for plants with thin stems and pale color.
Watering plants should be on the grooves or grooves, and not on top of the leaves.
Processing of manure into
fertilizer. Manure can be used fresh or after storage. Each type of manure has its own specific uses and storage.
Horse fresh dung is introduced into the soil under the autumn digging. Only 4 kg per square meter bed. Next to cucumbers in a greenhouse, install a barrel with horse-dung diluted to a liquid state. Carbon dioxide released during fermentation has a beneficial effect on plants. Manure in the barrel is stirred every day to improve fermentation. At the garden, vegetables are pre-watered, and then a liquid hush, prepared from 10 liters of water and 1 kg of manure, is poured at the root of each plant.
Horse manure as a fertilizer is best kept cold in order to preserve the nitrogen it contains and to ensure even decomposition of organic matter. To lay out the sheets, you must take a special place.
To obtain high-quality fertilizer, you must follow the sequence of laying layers:
- up to 30 cm of dry leaves or peat;
- minimum 15 cm horse manure;
- phosphate rock flour( per ton of manure up to 20 kg);
- weathered lowland peat;
- horse manure with a layer up to 15 cm;
Layers of peat and manure alternate until the stack is completely laid. Top layer - reed or dry leaves.
Rabbit Dung collected in a separate pile. As a high-quality fertilizer, it can be used in two years.
Pig manure in liquid form is composted and left to rot. Manure planted from autumn to spring accumulates nutrients and becomes more productive. Summer residents set fire to dry manure, which significantly reduces its acidity. If you keep the farm, lay the compost heaps separately for months. When manure is rotting, the unpleasant smell disappears and in appearance it has an almost uniform consistency.
The processing of cow manure into fertilizer is slightly different from the processing and preparation of manure of other animals. To prepare a nutritious cocktail, you need a large capacity. On 5 buckets of water add a bucket of mullein.50 grams of wood ash is added to the bucket of the infusion, which will significantly enrich the fertilizer with potassium. Aged infusion 14 days. Every day, the fertilizer is thoroughly mixed. Before watering the plants infusion diluted with water 1: 2.
Cow Manure can be stored. It should be laid on a clean, flat surface and covered with a film on top. In the spring of this manure can be used on the beds.
At your dacha, use the manure that you manage to get and do not forget about the measure of the use of fertilizers in order not to harm the plants and yourself.