- 1 Condition 1. storage Methods
2 Condition 2. Which varieties are good for storage?
- 2.1 srednepozdnie
- 2.2 late
- 3 Condition 3. Growing, winter
- 4 Condition 4. Collection and laying the harvest in the cellar
- 5 Output
Cauliflower and cabbage, as well, potatoes and carrots - the basis of our year-round diet. However, by the end of the winter is hard to find a juicy and dense head - because of improper storage, vegetables lose most of the vitamins and becomes dry and tasteless. But we'll look at how to keep the cabbage in the cellar or basement properly, to keep it fresh until spring.
Condition 1. storage Methods
There are many correct ways of storing cabbage. For example:
Method 1. In boxes
This is one of the easiest methods to preserve the freshness of vegetables. Cabbages must be laid in a single layer in a box, so that they do not touch each other.
Boxes must be apertured to air fed to the vegetables.
Method 2. On shelves
Along the wall with his hands Construct shelves that they can freely accommodate plugs. Vegetables cobs laid up previously wrapped in the paper (it is possible to use plastic wrap).
Method 3. In limbo as
Take your head out with roots. Then tie the rope and hang the cobs forks to the shelf, as shown in the photo.
Method 4. In the fridge
Kochan can be placed in the Department for vegetables and put the minimum temperature, creating a so-called "zone of freshness."
On how to properly store cabbage and where to place it, it depends on how much it will remain useful substances.
Condition 2. Which varieties are good for storage?
To school vegetable preserved until springYou need to select the right varieties of cabbage. Typically, the shelf life of vegetables depends on the timing of maturation:
- Early-maturing - mature in May and June, for long-term storage is not suitable, because they have loose heads of cabbage.
- The mid - prolezhat about three months.
- Srednepozdnie and late - perfectly suited for long-term storage, have elastic cabbages that are fortified with plenty of fiber.
Small conclusion: only srednepozdnie and late varieties of cabbage suitable for winter storage.
For Middle-class includes:
Greenish-white cabbages. May persist for up to 7 months.
Hefty juicy cobs. Retain the beneficial properties of up to six months.
Head gray-green color. If stored properly stored up to 8 months.
Not less than good grades for storage, but not very popular:
- The final,
- Belarus and others.
Very popular among the later varieties are:
It belongs to the most resistant varieties of storage - will lie up to 8 months.
This grade may remain for about six months.
ABOUTround-flat cabbage prolezhat whole year, and during this time will be even tastier.
Condition 3. Growing, winter
To keep the head as long as possible, you need to consider:
- forks grown onlight or medium soils, May remain longer harvest with sandy loam soil;
- abundant rainfall in the autumn had a negative impact on storage - not yet formed forks cracks and loose;
- fertilizer It plays an important role, so it is necessary to comply with crop rotation - is an annual crop rotation on beds.
Save cabbage grown on excessively treated with nitrogen fertilizer the soil can not be! Since it leaves tissues rapidly decreases the amount of dry substances, due to which cabbages loose, rot and deteriorate. Pov yshenie dose of phosphorus-potassium fertilizer will have a positive influence on the storage of fresh cabbage in winter.
Condition 4. Collection and laying the harvest in the cellar
Those who grow crops in the country site, first of all need to be concerned about its correct assembly. Harvest is recommended from late summer to mid autumn, depending on the variety.
Instructions how to collect and prepare the harvest for the winter:
Properly remove the crop. It is advisable to do it in the sun. Carefully dig shovel forks, and the roots and stalks of clean soil.
Getting rid of "defective" cabbages. Storage of fresh cabbage for the winter depends on the state of the harvest, therefore, it is necessary to sort out. Sort small head and spoiled - use them in the first place.
Now it is necessary to dry each head of cabbage. This is best done in the apartment, or under a canopy - not less than one day.
Depending on what kind of storage choose, you can at this stage with a sharp knife to cut off the roots.
To the storage of cabbage in the winter at home in the basement to be successful, it is important to take care of the optimal microclimate in the premises. The storage temperature in the cellar winter should not exceed +2 ° C, humidity - remain at the level of 92-98%. Price neglect these terms - spoiled cabbage. By following these recommendations you'll get a juicy and fresh cabbage, even after 8 months of storage.
Winter storage of cauliflower in the home is also possible. Conditions are the same as for cabbage. The main thing - not to spoil the flowers.
You have learned how to grow and how to collect cabbages to keep a vegetable until spring. Even some of the instructions - in the video in this article. Do you know of cabbage storage methods? Write in the comments!
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