Have you decided to replace incandescent bulbs with more economical devices based on diodes? The prospect of getting well-organized coverage and at the same time saving on utility bills is very tempting. Right? But you do not know how to choose ceiling LED lamps and which manufacturer to give preference to?
We will help to deal with LEDs for ceiling lights. The article describes the types of devices, their pros and cons. Criteria for selecting the optimal variant are given, taking into account the expected effect of new light bulbs.
Visual illustrations and video recommendations attached to the article will help you make your choice. Contributes to the listing of the best manufacturers with a reputation in the market of lighting. Taking into account our advice, you can make a balanced purchase.
The content of the article:
- What is a LED device?
- Types of ceiling lamps
What to look at when choosing?
- Criterion # 1 - the temperature of the generated light
- Criterion # 2 - Radiation Angle Indicator
- Criterion # 3 - Size Range Marking
- Criterion # 4 - time degradation of the glow
Advantages and disadvantages of Led-lamps
- Pluses of products on LEDs
- Cons LED-products for the ceiling
Top list of the best manufacturers
- No. 1 - Philips products
- No. 2 - Osram LED Modules
- No. 3 - lamps from Foton Lighting
- No. 4 - Gauss products of Vatron company
- No. 5 - Kreonix brand LEDs
- Conclusions and useful video on the topic
What is a LED device?
The basis of the products is the principle of electrical luminescence. On the border of two different semiconductors passes the current. At this point, there is a selection of electromagnetic radiation lying in the color spectrum visible to the human eye.
Structurally, the lamp consists of a housing, inside of which are placed semiconductor light sources, a diffusing lens, a cooling radiator and Power Supply (driver).
A light bulb with white LEDs serves less. It is more reasonable to purchase a module with one powerful or several weak elements of blue color, coated with luminoform. Such products will work out the stated period and provide a bright, pleasant for the eyes light flow.
The first LEDs had a pronounced red tone and were extremely expensive. When the blue elements were invented, the lamps became much cheaper and became available for the widest application in industry and everyday life.
Types of ceiling lamps
Ice-lamps for ceiling lighting are produced in the most unusual configurations and differ in the type of base. Screw products are threaded for screwing in the lower part and are marked with the letter “E”. Next to it are usually numbers that indicate the base diameter of the threaded connection.
For domestic use most often used screw LED modules E14 and E27. These are versatile elements suitable for most ceiling lighting fixtures, both modern and rare.
The second type of cap is called a pin and is marked with the letter "G". Constructively, it consists of two small metal antennae playing the role of electrical contacts. With their help, the lamp is tightly fastened in the lamp holder and securely held there during the entire working period.
In the marking of lamps of the pin type after the letter “G” there may be other letters and / or numbers. All of them mean additional configuration parameters and more clearly delineate the area of target use of the LED element.
The remaining bases, denoted by the letters B, R, P, S, K, T, W have a more narrowly specialized direction and are used in everyday life much less frequently.
What to look at when choosing?
LED ceiling lamps are distinguished by the following important criteria:
- supply voltage;
- operating current level;
- base power;
- luminous efficiency;
- hue (temperature) of the supplied light flux;
- radiation angle;
- shape and size;
- period of degradation.
All these nuances must be considered when buying. Only they will help to make the right choice and purchase the device that exactly meets all the requirements that the client makes to the home lighting system.
The shape of LED-lamps is so diverse that it is easy to find an element that fits perfectly with any configuration of a ceiling lamp.
If you ignore any of the above items, the cost of funds for the acquisition will be in vain, and in a residential area you will not be able to create the necessary level of comfort and convenience. LED light bulbs general household purposes have a working capacity of 3 to 15 watts.
Similar indicators of modules intended for industrial use, reach 100 watts. The emitted stream of light demonstrates high intensity and, at minimum cost, electricians can illuminate rooms of any area.
Lamps have from one to several dozen LEDs. This makes it possible to provide diffused or directional light, depending on the individual needs of the client.
The efficiency of products is 90% and in this parameter led-products are far ahead of any other light sources.
Criterion # 1 - the temperature of the generated light
The emission spectrum of all supply sources is divided into three main groups of color temperature. The first includes elements that produce warm white light (Warm white), very similar to the effect of the classic incandescent lamp.
They operate in the temperature range from 2700K to 3200K and are recommended for use in residential areas.
Warm LED lamps for ceiling lights are able to create a cozy atmosphere in the room, which is conducive to comfortable rest and pleasant communication.
The second group includes the spectrum from 3500K to 5000K. This light is called normal or day white (Neutral white) and visually resembles the shade of the morning sun glow of good brightness.
With the eye, it is perceived as neutral and perfectly suited for use in technical premises of a house or apartment, in offices, classrooms and auditoriums, production workshops, etc. Experts point out that neutral lighting helps to increase efficiency, helps to concentrate and does not lead to eye fatigue.
The lighting, organized with the help of neutral LED modules, emphasizes the radiant cleanliness of the bathroom and gives plumbing elements an elegant and bright shine.
In the range range from 5000K to 7000K there are cool white lamps that produce very bright daylight (Cool white). In living rooms they are practically not used.
Basically, these modules are used in hospital buildings, laboratories, corridors and in premises for technical purposes.
Criterion # 2 - Radiation Angle Indicator
Such an important parameter as the radiation angle for lamps of different manufacturers ranges from 20 to 360 degrees. This means that the LEDs shine more brightly in the center and reduce the level of illumination to the edges of the scattering angle.
Modules with a wide dispersion spectrum differ from ordinary LED lamps in that they have a matte frontal lens, rather than a transparent one, through which the internal arrangement of the product can be seen
This principle of operation allows us to provide high-quality light supply to a specific space, spending a significantly smaller amount of power to accomplish the task. If there is a need to increase the useful illuminated area, an additional diffusing lens is inserted into the luminaire.
Criterion # 3 - Size Range Marking
All manufacturers of LED ceiling products produce lamps of fundamentally different sizes and configurations.
The most common are the following forms:
- A - Corresponds to the classic incandescent lamp;
- B - reminds an oval with a blunted end;
- C - looks like a candle flame;
- CA - is called “candle in the wind” and has a sharp edge, slightly curved to the side;
- CW - resembles a candle twisted in one direction;
- G - is a traditional ball;
- E - is an elongated ellipse;
- R - supplied with a reflector (reflector);
- BR - has a convex reflective surface and slightly larger than the R-module;
- MR - equipped with a mirror reflector;
- PAR - has a reflector of an unusual parabolic shape;
- T - performed in the form of a tube, on the surface of which the working LEDs are located.
Such ice-lamps are the most popular and are most often used for arranging household and home comfort lighting systems.
Criterion # 4 - time degradation of the glow
The decrease in the intensity of the glow of the lamp over time is a natural process caused by the clouding of the crystals during prolonged use. Professionals call this degradation. When this happens, the efficiency of the lighting element drops and the light saturation of the stream diminishes noticeably.
In led-products of well-known brands, the light intensity decreases towards the end of the stated service life. Unnamed Chinese-made modules are more prone to this and may begin to fade at the very beginning of their work.
Advantages and disadvantages of Led-lamps
LED light bulbs have a whole range of unique advantages that allow you to use not only for lighting, but also for organizing the original and inimitable in the premises the atmosphere.
With the help of these progressive means, you can add bright accents to even the simplest interior and make an ordinary room stylish and exclusive.
Pluses of products on LEDs
The operating temperature is so low that it allows the device to be located in close proximity to materials that are highly flammable or meltable.
With the help of LED lamps you can brightly and uncommonly arrange the lighting of the stretch ceiling. Led elements will give the fabric a nice glow and create the effect of overall radiance.
The option to adjust the direction of the light flow makes it possible to make zonal lighting in the room, emphasizing the style and originality of the design decision.
In this embodiment, some places will be highlighted brighter, while others will go into the shadows and acquire some intimacy and intimacy.
If the ceiling lamp is used for background lighting, it is better to equip it with low-power lamps with different radiation temperatures. When you want to direct the beam to a specific area, you need a spotlight with the mode of adjusting the direction of light
Another indisputable plus is expressed in the resistance of LEDs to cyclic loading. They easily withstand a huge amount of activation, immediately flare up in full force when turned on and instantly go out when the user presses the "off" button.
LED products are completely environmentally safe and incredibly operational stand. Unlike conventional energy-saving modules, they do not contain mercury, they are not afraid of shocks, vibrations and low temperature indicators.
The ability to economically consume electrics also adds points to Led bulbs. They spend 20 times less electrics than similar classical devices, while delivering lighting of the same power.
The service life of LEDs is measured in hundreds of thousands of hours. They burn for a record long time without replacement, without forcing the owner to constantly spend money on the purchase of new lamps. The absence of UV radiation is one of the very attractive features of LEDs.
Working indoors even for a long time, they do not provoke burnout of furniture upholstery, do not contribute to the tarnishing of the wallpaper and do not cause cracking of the paint in the paintings. It is these moments that make ice products attractive and encourage users to give preference to them.
Cons LED-products for the ceiling
Disadvantages of LED products are also available, although not in such large quantities as advantages. The most basic thing that rebuked led elements is the original high cost. Of course, this applies to devices manufactured under well-known and popular brands.
LED lamps must not be screwed into closed lighting fixtures. Being subject to constant overheating, they lose brightness and fail much earlier than the manufacturer promises.
Chinese options without specifying the brand are readily available, but they should be bought with great care. Yes, and expect that cheap options will meet all the parameters and will last a long time, you should not. Price reduction here is achieved by saving on components, which, naturally, has a bad effect on the quality of products.
Sensitivity to elevated temperature in the room somewhat limits the area of use of ice-products and does not allow its use in baths, saunas and other places of this kind.
In addition, LED products can not work correctly with switches equipped with a diode backlight. They flicker or begin to glow faintly when the keys of the device are in the off state and make it inconvenient for people in the room at that time.
Top list of the best manufacturers
The market of progressive LED equipment is saturated with offers from various brands. In the segment ceiling lights Leading positions are occupied by several trademarks that have proven themselves to be producing reliable, high-quality, durable and environmentally friendly products.
No. 1 - Philips products
Company Philips manufactures a wide range of LED lamps for ceiling lights. In the line there are modules that differ from each other in power, light intensity, color temperature and energy efficiency.
Philips Essential lamps are suitable for overhead ceiling luminaires. They provide natural lighting in the room, do not cause tired eyes and create a soft, pleasant atmosphere around.
Philips products are among the most reliable and environmentally friendly, almost always fully develop the operational period declared by the manufacturer and are sold for quite reasonable money.
The manufacturer has official offices around the world, so it’s easy to buy a genuine product from Phillips, not a Chinese fake.
No. 2 - Osram LED Modules
Not less popular products of the German company Osram. It is one of the oldest brands working in the field of manufacturing lighting equipment. It first entered the market in the spring of 1906 and since then has been increasing production and providing customers with quality elements for comfortable, economical lighting.
Osram LED lamps designed to be installed in ceiling lights are record low energy consumption and immediately after switching on 100% luminous flux is supplied without traditional ignition delay
Today Osram is part of the industrial sector of the international concern Siemens and is considered one of the leading manufacturers of innovative high-end lighting products.
The company's annual turnover exceeds 5 billion euros. Lamps of the German brand are manufactured in 48 modern enterprises, deployed in 17 countries of the world. 5% of all profits a brand spends on advanced research, contributing to the improvement of LED products.
No. 3 - lamps from Foton Lighting
Foton Ligting Ltd is located in London. It produces and sells various types of elements necessary for modern lighting systems. The priority of the brand is the production of advanced, innovative and high-tech products.
Ceiling lights from Foton Lighting are recognized favorites of the budget segment of the market. The combination of reasonable price, reliability and impeccable quality made them a competitive product that immediately stood out among analogues from other manufacturers
The product range is very wide and includes both basic standard models and creative products that satisfy the most unusual customer requirements for lighting systems.
No. 4 - Gauss products of Vatron company
Trademark Gauss It is owned by a young but very promising Russian company Vatron, established in 2009 by Denis Frolov, the former director of development at Wimm-Bill-Dan Corporation. At the dawn of its foundation, the firm under the personal brand Gauss was selling compact Chinese fluorescent lamps.
Products manufactured under the brand Gauss, are of high quality, reliably serve for many years and have a brand warranty. Buying them from an official representative, a customer can exchange a lamp for a new one within 3 years if it suddenly burns out.
In 2010, Vatron acquired co-owner Ilya Sivtsev. A little later, both managers decided to reorient themselves to the implementation of elements for LED lighting.
This thoughtful move brought a substantial profit to entrepreneurs and allowed to buy an abandoned factory in the Tula region to organize the production of its own LED products.
Effective investment in development, the creation of an advanced research laboratory and organization Research and Production Center allowed the company to begin production of advanced LED products.
By 2015, Vatron took control of about 18% of the domestic Russian market for lighting fixtures and related items. Today, the company manufactures modules of various shapes and designs and does not surrender its leadership position in the budget segment of LED products.
No. 5 - Kreonix brand LEDs
Russian manufacturer of LED equipment and related elements KREONIX Ltd offers about 400 types of progressive goods to customers, made according to basic needs consumers.
Kreonix provides a 3 year warranty on its products. During this period, the buyer will be exchanged for a new lamp, if in the old part of the LEDs has faded (from 5% or more) and the brightness of the light flow has decreased by at least 10%
Modules are made at their own factory or purchased at popular and reliable Chinese factories, branded and sold in the domestic market under their own brand.
Among the advantages of products are record-breaking electric power consumption, the absence of flicker visible to the eye, an impressive service life. As well as a modern, attractive and functional design that allows you to embed Kreonix lamps in the ceiling lights of any, even the most complex designs.
With reference points for the selection of all types of bulbs for spotlights will introduce next article, which we highly recommend.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Detailed and accessible description of the LED lamp for ceiling lights. Recommendations for use.
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What is the advantage of the aluminum case over glass, plastic and ceramic.
Practical advice on choosing LED lamps for home use. What you need to pay attention to when buying. Which lamps are more suitable for ceiling lighting.
LED lamps, designed to create a comfortable ceiling light, safe and not having a load on the eyes, can be purchased in retail stores.
The high cost is compensated by the long service life and the minimum electrical consumption.By purchasing LED modules, you will provide a home with high-quality light and for a long time you will forget about what a light bulb is..
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