- What are some wallpapers?
- choice of material Wallpaper
Wallpapers and type premisesAt the end of the
- Paper wallpaper
- Vinyl wallpaper
- Fleece Mural
- Textile wallpaper
- Carpet wallpaper
- Liquid wallpaper
- cork wallpaper
- wallpaper based on wood veneer
- Based serpyanku
- Metal wallpaper
- Photo Wall Mural
Wallpaper - is a detail of the interior, which occupies the largest area in the whole room, and, for sure, immediately catches the eye. And if we take into account the fact that, on average, the apartment is repaired every ten years, then the selected wallpaper will spend a decent amount of life with the apartment owners. Therefore, it is worthwhile to approach their choice carefully enough, but, unfortunately, it will be very difficult not to get lost in the modern assortment, especially for a beginner. Therefore, it makes sense to understand how to choose the wallpaper that will ideally fit a specific room, to understand what wallpaper may be at all and how they differ from each other.
What are the wallpapers?
The classification of wallpaper types is not entirely grateful, but you can still try to put everything in its place.
So, depending on the type of surface wallpaper can be:
- with imitation of some material. Sometimes modern wallpaper, imitating a covering of tile, wood, etc., is difficult to distinguish from the original, without feeling.
You can also select several types of wallpaper for water resistance:
- are ordinary wallpapers that are best used in areas where there is no direct contact with water, and pollution will be minimal, since they do not withstand moisture. They can be cleaned only by the dry method;
- moisture-proof wallpapers can already tolerate cleaning with a slightly damp sponge, but they cannot survive the contact with detergent;
- but washable wallpaper is just a godsend, because you can wash them with detergents, so you should not be afraid to dirty such material;
- is also a super-washable wallpaper, which differs from the latter in that you can also rub them with a brush, and even wash them every day. This is a model of endurance and endurance.
Also depending on the density of the , the is divided into lightweight with a density of 110 g / m2, and if this figure is higher, then the wallpaper should be classified as heavy. Depending on the on the appearance and color of the , the wallpaper can be monochromatic or with a specific pattern, then it will be slightly more difficult to glue them, since it will be necessary to match the fragments.
The choice of wallpaper material
But, probably, the widest classification is the division of wallpaper by type of material:
- photo wallpaper;
- liquid, etc.
On this parameter, it is worthwhile to dwell in more detail and consider the pros and cons of each of these types of wallpaper.
Paper wallpapers are already classics, they are the most frequent guest on the walls of even modern apartments. And all this is explained by their advantages , the main of which is more than affordable price. Appearance can also arrange any design idea, as paper wallpapers come out glossy and matte, with different patterns or just plain colors, they can be embossed or even coarse-colored. The latter are intended for painting and will be able to withstand up to 15 cycles of such repainting, so it will be very easy to update the interior. Embossed wallpaper - this is two layers of paper that are pressed in the wet state and acquire a certain relief. The coarse-grained between these layers of paper also has chips, so both in that and in that case an interesting effect is achieved only due to the texture. In addition, they can hide minor defects in the surface of the walls.
Also, the environmental effects of paper wallpaper, as well as their ability to "breathe", are also a plus, so they form a healthy climate in the room. Also noted a small ability to heat and sound insulation.
But there are certain deficiencies of , which boil down to fragility, fragility, inability to wash the wallpaper, with some difficulties when gluing, because then they are easy to tear, etc. That is why they are often used precisely in dry rooms without a high probability of ingress of dirt and water.
Vinyl wallpaper competes confidently with paper. They have a two-layer structure: the first layer is paper or fabric, the second is polyvinyl chloride, which provides all the properties of these wallpapers. Their main advantage of the is the possibility of washing with detergents, excellent wear resistance, durability, resistance to temperature changes and various microorganisms, etc. It should be noted and a great appearance, as well as a variety of possible species.
Depending on how the facial layer is treated, vinyl wallpapers are divided:
- foamed vinyl wallpaper - in this case, a deeper texture and an interesting look;
- on the basis of silk threads, and as a result, wallpapers are especially chic;
- compact vinyl, which plausibly mimics coatings such as textiles, tiles, etc.; Chemical embossed
- , which gives the surface even greater resistance to abrasion and moisture.
Vinyl wallpaper is good to use in rooms with high humidity and the flow of people: kitchen, hallway, offices, etc. The disadvantages are not the easiest way to glue, which often only professionals can afford. This wallpaper also does not allow walls to breathe.
This type of wallpaper is single-layer, made of fibrous cellulose with the addition of various components. The result is an eco-friendly, breathable wallpaper with a simple way of sticking. But, unfortunately, such wallpapers require serious surface preparation, and during operation they are easy to scratch and damage.
is often confused with the concept of non-woven wallpaper , since non-woven wallpaper is also often called non-woven vinyl-based wallpaper. These wallpapers are usually produced for painting, and can withstand about 3 cycles of repainting. They are glued a little differently, and the air is not passed.
Textile wallpapers are based on paper tightly, on which the fabric threads are fixed. Without going into details of their manufacture, it is worth noting that they are quite environmentally friendly, pleasant to look and feel, tend to absorb sound, retain heat, difficult to burn.
The variety of species is also striking, as you can make textile wallpapers from almost any fabric, so you can meet linen, silk, synthetic, felt, jute and mixed fibers. They have slightly different characteristics that are characteristic of a particular fabric.
Among the shortcomings of the can be identified relatively high price, some difficulties in the process of gluing. It is also worth noting that fabric wallpaper more than everyone else has a tendency to attract dust, so they need more care.
Carpet wallpaper is a bit like textile, but a pile is attached to a paper or fabric base, and as a result a real carpet is formed on the wall, which is a plus for coziness and sound insulation, but in terms of cleaning it is a small minus,how carpets accumulate dust and static electricity. To clean these wallpapers will need to be using a vacuum cleaner, so that there will be no special problems, but in order to always keep the walls clean, you will need to repeat this procedure regularly.
Fiberglass wallpaper is made with the participation of special glass threads, which affects the properties of the finished material. So, fiberglass threads can form various patterns and textures, which then when painted will have a good appearance. Fiberglass threads give wallpapers excellent performance properties: environmental friendliness, lack of nutrient medium for different microorganisms, such wallpapers will not accumulate static electricity. In addition, they withstand the effects of fire, are water-resistant, vapor-permeable, withstand the effects of certain chemicals, includingdetergents.
Separately, it is worth noting the reinforcing properties of fiberglass, so these wallpapers can be used on the surface with some flaws: small cracks, irregularities, seams, etc. The advantage is also the possibility of their use on the surface of any type: concrete, brick, wood, etc.- all this can be glued simply enough. Glass wall paper, in principle, is an ideal material, but with a small drawback of is not a very large selection of ornaments and textures.
Liquid wallpaper and wallpaper can only be called a stretch, as they do not have a traditional paper or fabric base, and in general their application does not involve sticking, but they also cannot be attributed to plaster, since they are not includedsand. Liquid wallpaper consist of pulp, which is responsible for the stickiness, different fibers and powder, which give a decorative effect. All this composition is diluted with water in the correct proportion and a spatula is applied to the walls or even the ceiling - a not very prepared person can cope with this task.
Liquid wallpaper can form a diverse surface: smooth, with a certain texture, with imitation of other materials, such as stone, etc. The surface itself turns out quite decorative and durable - it can last more than a dozen years. Yes, and care for it is simple: since the dust on such wallpaper does not accumulate much, you can just walk around with a vacuum cleaner, well, or with a damp cloth, because the surface is not afraid of moisture. If a fragment has been damaged, the defect can be easily corrected.
The only drawback of of such wallpaper is the impossibility of using it in rooms where the increased humidity is constantly observed or the sun's rays constantly shine directly.
Linkrust type wallpapers now return to their former popularity. In them, as in many of the types described above, there are two layers of material: a paper base and a decorative layer of plastic mass. For the execution of the latter, alkyd resins, various gels based on wood flour, cork chips, etc. are often used. This mass can be given almost any shape, as a result, you can make wallpaper for stucco, imitate some other surfaces, etc. The great advantage of these wallpapers is that they are easy to clean, as they are easy to clean and can be washed.
Cork Wallpaper is the reference material of naturalness and environmental friendliness .In their manufacture, oak bark is used, which is pressed under the action of high temperatures, under these conditions a natural adhesive substance is released, which provides integrity and strength to the wallpaper. Cork wallpaper creates an atmosphere of comfort in the house, reduces the thermal conductivity of the walls, increases noise insulation. Their disadvantages include the price, as well as some difficulties in sticking and operation, as they are quite simply broken.
Wood Veneer Wallpapers
Wood is also used here, but in the form of veneer, which is glued to a paper base. As a result, you can simulate the surface of the tree, and the coating will be environmentally friendly, according to this indicator, it is second only to cork wallpaper.
These wallpapers simply attach, absorb air, breathe, add insulation to the walls and look great. Their price is too high, but decorating walls with such material will be much cheaper than using wooden panels.
Based on Serpyanka
In such wallpaper, the paper base is covered with a layer of cellulose, and the top layer can be formed in different ways, forming a huge number of different textures. The finished material is white, it can be painted in any color, and more than once. And if you use waterproof paint, then these wallpapers can also be washed. Other advantages of this material include naturalness, ability to breathe, vapor permeability, ease of use, etc.
Metal wallpapers have appeared relatively recently, and they were initially needed in order to reduce the negative impact of the radiation of the equipment used: microwaves, computers, phones, etc. But such a purpose is now rarely remembered, since they also turned out to be surprisingly good. As you can already guess, they are obtained by sticking thin foil onto the paper base, on which any ornament or pattern can be created.
The advantages of such finishing in include a high degree of decorativeness, thermoregulation ability, and ease of maintenance, as it is easy to wash the surface. But the from the minuses of the is worth noting the lack of ability to pass air and the fact that this wallpaper is very easy to damage with sharp and not very objects.
Photo Wallpapers are a special type of wallpaper that, as a rule, is used to decorate only part of the wall, but this part is also able to transform a room very strongly, betraying a certain character to it. They are made simply - by drawing on paper the images: landscape, flowers, animals, streets, cafes, etc.- the choice will amaze even professional designers. The manufacturer cuts the image into fragments of a certain size and quantity, and the buyer already collects them from himself. The technique of gluing is not the easiest, but if you want nothing is impossible.
Wallpaper and room type
But not every type of wallpaper fits any room. It is necessary to consider both its functional features, and the degree of illumination, as well as its size and configuration. If you carefully re-read all the above material, it will become clear that for the kitchen, for example, vinyl wallpapers, glass wall-papers or liquid wallpapers that are not so much afraid of moisture, and which can be washed without fear, will do. Such a hardy wallpaper suitable for the hallway. But for the bedroom, the living room, the children's room, all types of wallpapers are suitable, incl.fabric, carpet, wallpaper, etc. With this, in principle, everything should be clear.
But when you decide on the type, you need to decide which color of the wallpaper is better than , because the decorative component of this material is just as important as the functional one. A poorly chosen color can not only spoil all the advantages of a room, but also not very well influence those people who are constantly in it.
In order to choose the right color for the wallpaper, you need to analyze the level of illumination of the room, its purpose and size. So, if there are a lot of windows and they are facing south, then the room needs to be cooled, using cold shades, which will also slightly expand the space: blue, green, blue, gray, etc. Naturally, and vice versa, it is better to glue dark rooms with wallpaper in warm colors: peach, golden, yellow, orange, lemon and similar colors will do.
Each type of room has its own recommendations regarding the choice of wallpaper, and if we have already dealt with their type, we will move on to color. Reflect on this topic can be a long time, but we will do just a few tips. So, for the hallway is a good match for rich shades that are not both light and not dark at the same time: so that they may be branded and do not bring gloom, and so not in the brightest room. Wallpaper for the living room , the faces of the apartment, are selected to suit your taste, depending on the light, and most importantly, do not forget about how this wallpaper will be combined with furniture. This also applies to other rooms.
The color scheme in the kitchen should be bright, as bright colors excite the appetite, but not have acidic shades that will simply annoy. In the bedroom, is always advised to use bright pastel shades so that they do not particularly catch the eye, and do not distract from the rest, but energetic people and young people can be advised and brighter options - you need to start from their preferences. In the nursery , there surely shouldn't be anything bright, so as not to cause aggression in a small child, and not to distract the teenager from studying.
also plays the role of the area and the height of the room , so the smaller and lower the room, the brighter the wallpaper should be, and the large pattern on them is undesirable - the maximum is some kind of small pattern.
It is worth adding some more tips. So, choosing the wallpaper directly in the store, you need to focus not only on how they look in the roll - it is advisable to unfold it and see how they will look in position on the wall. Always remember about the combination, so the wallpaper is chosen under the existing furniture and decor items, or else they will have to be combined with the wallpaper. And if you are not sure what kind of wallpaper should have, then it is better to opt for a monochrome version of a dim shade. And, of course, make a start from the parameters of the room: for different humidity and temperature you need different wallpapers. Pay attention to certification and the batch number of the - it must be the same, otherwise the color may be slightly different.