Where it is necessary to connect a group of cooperating household appliances, set flow outlets comprising from two to four electric points. Installation and wiring of this variant differs from the same actions with the usual outlets. To the result pleased the reliability you need to know the subtleties. Do you agree?
We will explain in detail how to connect the power outlets which connectivity options to meet customer there. You will learn what editing rules should take into account when installing such a modular unit. Submitted to the consideration of information based on PUE.
A detailed presentation of the installation technology and connection socket blocks, we have supported schemes, step by step photo tutorials, videos.
The content of the article:
- Device and installation location socket blocks
- Connectivity to meet customer
Installation instructions C wall unit
- Preparatory work
- Application marks on the wall
- Creating Stroebe and "landing" sites
- Specificity mounting Enclosures
- Subtleties of electrical connection
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Device and installation location socket blocks
Design C wall unit is different from the usual outlets only the number of "landing" places. It consists of the plastic housing and the inner portion represented by terminals with contacts and terminals, to which springs are attached to forks.
Most modern models are equipped with grounding contacts, which are designed to increase the security of the system and reduce the stress from all connected through the electrical unit.
Number of connections rosette mounted unit is determined based on the availability of home appliances, planted per group
Socket strips are of two types:
- Designed for flush. Installed in the thickness of the wall with the help of the module in the shape of glasses Enclosures;
- Designed for open wiring. Mounted on the wall surface of the via formed in a plate shape Escutcheon.
Apart from the two main species of bush blocks there is still quite practical pull-out type. They are easily mounted into the countertop or in a cabinet, of which are put forward during the operational need. Their principle of operation is similar to the power supply located on / in the wall.
Outlet units often install kitchensArranging them at the desk at a height of 10 cm, inside pedestals and kitchen walls adjacent cabinets at 30-60 cm from the finished floor. Built-in socket is useful when connecting group is not powerful appliances: hood, Multivarki, refrigerator ...
Mortise retractable socket body group consisting of three to five elektrotochek remains hidden in the worktop until until lightly press down on its top panel
At arrangement of rooms and living rooms they are placed near the computer tables or TV screen. Outlet groups of three elektrotochek often seen and bathrooms. But in this case the device is used with a waterproof, placing them at a distance of at least 60 cm from the water source.
Connectivity to meet customer
Connecting sockets audio block group is carried out daisy way. He suggests joining all the elements of a common power line wiring. Established daisy chain manner designed to load, the rate of which does not exceed 16A.
The only "minus" of such a scheme is that in case of damage at the contact point of one of the cores cease to function and all the elements located behind it
Today, connection sockets unit often performed in a combined way, which is based on a parallel circuit. This method is actively practiced in European countries. We used it for a single line of powerful consumers.
Parallel connection requires a lining from the junction box two cables:
- first it is guided in a loop, powering Four of the five sockets 5-local block;
- second - is fed separately to the fifth point group receptacle which is intended to be powering powerful instrument.
The process is good because it provides a single point performance and makes it independent of other functioning of adjacent chain members.
The main advantage of the combined method - to ensure the maximum degree of safety, which is particularly important when operating large and expensive devices
The only drawback scheme - increase consumption of cable and labor costs electrician.
As a loop, and a combined method of connection can be closed and open execution. The first involves the gouging channels in the wall for laying lines and "sockets" for the connectors, the second is realized by building a PE conductor on the wall surface.
Skirting trunking and used in an open way of gaskets have not only an aesthetic function, but also protect the PE conductor from mechanical damage
The use of plastic cable channels raises safety and aesthetics of the exposed wiring. Most of them are provided with a partition between them and pave the line. Control of the state of the PE conductor is conveniently made to the removable front.
Installation instructions C wall unit
Selecting the installation method, be it external or gasket internal wiringIt depends on the material with which to work. The walls of the house may be concrete or brick, or else made of wood or drywall.
Do you plan to Stroebe concrete in the panel house or restrict the installation of shear block with open wiring - you decide.
The first thing you need to perform - to disconnect the site where the works will be performed.
After switching off the machine in a cabinet without fail, make sure that there is no tension, using a screwdriver indicator
In old houses, where there are vending machines to de-energize a room only need to unscrew the cork.
From the materials you need to prepare in advance:
- A female block;
- trim strip;
- wire jumper;
- wiring for cable;
- Escutcheon connecting into blocks;
- gypsum or plaster.
Choosing C wall unit should be based on the quality of the product, as well as the possibility of a separate connecting PE conductors.
Of the tools required:
- puncher fitted with a drill crown D 70 mm;
- building level;
- tape measure, ruler and marker;
- wiring tool kit;
- a mixing gypsum;
- putty knife.
The choice of the crown to the punch depends on the material with which to work. Nozzles for drywall or concrete of the same differ in performance and, accordingly, for the price.
Application marks on the wall
Ease of installation and connection of the female group is largely dependent on the correct application of the markup. Before any operation should be ascertained in the absence of a communication wall. When working with drywall basis is important not to get on supporting her profile.
Using a ruler, and the marker level mark a place where it is expected to perform the installation. When applying markings are guided by how much elektrotochek includes group. Cross lines indicate the center of the future holes.
To properly and as accurately as possible to determine the place of installation of sockets, you must know what kind of furniture or appliances will be installed nearby
To draw a flat horizontal relative to the floor, you must use the self-leveling laser level, if it is not, then come up and bubble
With the help of the marking material - ruler and pencil - should draw a straight horizontal line, which will be located in relation to Enclosures. Line area may be replaced
Trims (cover) sockets are designed so that the outlet is located at the same distance from one another - you need to consider when marking
Step 1 - Select the unit installation site Enclosures
Step 2 - Using a laser or bubble level
Step 3 - marking on the wall socket mounting points
Step 4 - determine the exact landing site each Escutcheon
In the center of future openings remove the recess. It is important to make sure that the pilot drill drill bit does not "care" of the way. A little trick: Since the creation of C wall unit is difficult to achieve horizontal hole location to work, you can use the crown slightly larger diameter 80 mm.
The distance between the centers Enclosures must comply with 72 mm, or when installing the decorative cover it just does not "sit" on the place
So that when the hidden cable routing afterwards to avoid erroneous drilling holes, at the stage of installation is better to make a drawing, in which the display location of the wires.
Wiring devices and methods gasket in the flat cable described in detail in popular article our website.
Creating Stroebe and "landing" sites
Preparing the "landing" in place of concrete or brick wall at the drilling marked the crosshairs begin at low speed, not forgetting to check the position of the drill.
To ensure the accuracy of the mounting hole is first scheduled to drill a small diameter. Only then skewer crown that makes the deepening of the contour of the future "seed" site.
To install rosette group in a concrete or brick wall, it is necessary first to form edges with the crown, and then using a hammer and chisel to remove the middle
The remaining holes in the wall material of the perforated hollow chisel. Thereafter paving groove between holes required for connection projections Enclosures.
Planning to perform a silent installation of cables on the planned lines hollow grooves. By powering one of the points of the block separate from the flap line must build another furrow.
All holes and ditches scrub of crushed pieces and dust with a brush or cotton napkins. In the future, to protect the PE conductor and the convenience of laying cable is better to start in gofrorukave.
If the hand is not the gun - feel free to use grinders; equipping the device diamond disk, you can with a minimum of effort to create a perfectly smooth contours of the grooves
Optionally shtroblenie walls and can perform "ancestral" method using a chisel and hammer. But be prepared that for the implementation of this process will take more time and effort. And do deepening a chisel in the brick lining of a cable - not an easy task that does not always give the desired result tidy.
It is much easier to work with gypsum base. To make the seats is necessary only with the nozzle according to the markings on the drywall cut Stroebe round. The main thing - not to apply pressure not to break the fragile foundation.
Specificity mounting Enclosures
Enclosures for fastening it's best to use special glasses connected by a plastic retainers. Constructions standard size round or square provide rigid fastening elements in the plane.
Adapters such podrozetnik often are removable designs that snap into their grooves
Escutcheon for fixing in masonry or wall use plaster or plaster solution. The powder is diluted with water in a ratio of 4: 1. When working with these creamy formulations should be remembered that they quickly seize.
Powder to be diluted by small portions and quick to lay into the hole until the mixture solidified. The same solution to a surface coated with the adjacent outer side faces and bottom cups are connected, after which the entire unit is inserted into the hole.
The position of the buried glasses corrected by the level, avoiding the edges of the protrusions extend beyond the plane of the wall.
Make sure the correct position podrozetnik edges obscure liquid solution, giving the plane maximum flat surface. Remains of plaster or plaster can be used for masking laid into an outlet wire.
Plastic cups deepened in the seats and fixed with a plaster solution or placed on the sides of special feet
Mounting cups of drywall additionally fitted with special legs. By pressing the back side surface of the foot plate cup is tightened into the hole.
Recessed into the wall Enclosures should not abut and protrude beyond it. If the gap between the wall and plasterboards insufficient to accommodate Escutcheon hole in the wall further deepen.
The only exception is the embodiment, when it is assumed facing surface decoration tiles or plaster. In this case, podrozetnik do little protruding from the wall by 5-7 mm.
Subtleties of electrical connection
After the solution was acquire desired strength, proceeds to connect the indoor unit. To connect the outlet daisy way, laid from the junction box wires led into the first podrozetnik.
Immediately before the ends of the cable by 10-15 mm from the trimmed lashes. Do the work, you can use a sharpened knife. But in order to achieve maximum accuracy, experienced owners recommend the use of a side cutter.
To continue to be able to perform a new connection, the wizard if necessary recommend leaving a small supply of the power cable when cleaning, directed by junction box. During installation it can be folded inside Escutcheon helically large diameter or in the form of a snake.
The main thing - to prevent a sharp bend or fracture than is often "sin" inexperienced owners, putting the wire inside the glass to "whip up"
Beforehand prepare cuts of colored wires to build bridges. The cross section of the jumpers must match the power line conductors. Guides jumpers do not make too long. Otherwise, the connection process, they will interfere with and not to allow outlet tight "sit" in the installation box. The severed wires are also trimmed insulation about a centimeter.
Through the adapter previously peeled gypsum residues Escutcheon threaded wire cavities. To simplify the mounting of conductors ends to buckle towards the terminal location.
From the rosette block remove the protective cover, then 5-6 mm spun clamping screws. The stripped end of the phase conductors of the supply cable is supplied to the first outlet, taking into account the provisions of the terminals. From her contacts through the PE conductor and neutral wires of the supply cable sent to the second outlet.
Connection is performed through the remaining outlets jumper connecting devices mechanisms. The cores with the same color braid connected according to color: phase - red "zero" - the blue and the earth conductor - green
The same principle is used for connection of the following outlets. Nest neatly stacked wires not too tightly tighten the screw. When shlefirovanii outlets without fail observe polarities: from terminal with a phase conductor phase is withdrawn from the zero - zero.
To wire strands reliably fall into the mounting slot before installing the bolts are loosened to the maximum, and after its completion - is returned to the original position
When connecting the protective conductor should strictly observe the basic requirement of the SAE, which states that all connections of wires should be non-separable. Underestimating the importance of the quality of installation is fraught with the fact that a dangerous incident at times increases the risk of electric shock.
So, if in the head an outlet during the installation is lost contact with the ground, following her chain participants lose their protective zero. In the future, in case of accidental contact with the housing of the mains voltage, for example, due to a fault of the iron, the body will be energized all connected to the supply wire appliances.
For maximum reliability of the connection wires is better to use a socket equipped with not one bolt and two mounts
Enclosures with the conductors connected to the respective terminals are inserted into the wall opening and fix the side clamps. Then check the reliability of setting all devices via level adjusting their position. If necessary, the exposed portions of the wire wrapped with electrical tape or heat-shrinkable insulated sponge.
After that there is only "put the squeeze" all the screws, fix the housing in Enclosures and replace the decorative cover.
To facilitate the connection of wires, it is necessary to leave the ends with a reserve. It is useful and socket replacement case
It is easier to make a connection was living left to be seen is already mounting wiring
To wire correctly formed inside the Escutcheon and do not interfere with the housing assembly, they must be lightly press the top
Every outlet should be aligned horizontally relative to the floor and gently fix the mounting screws
Before attaching lived in terminals extra wires must be removed, otherwise the body would not fit in the Enclosures
If the socket does not exactly stand in a row, a decorative frame is not set
Before the final stage should be carefully re-tighten all the screws to the wall outlet when using do not fall out of the nest
After checking the socket for mounting strength should be set and a decorative plastic cover rosette test unit
Step 1 - removal and wire stripping
Step 2 - Installation of the wires in the terminals
Step 3 - Set housing in podrozetnik
Step 4 - landing on the housing fixing screws
Step 5 - Installation of the latest in a series of sockets
Step 6 - leveling sockets horizontally
Step 7 - broaching fasteners in the "ears"
Step 8 - Installation of decorative cover
If the unit is connected properly, all the sockets need to work, and the frame with podrozetnik not move during use.
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Our proposed video material clearly help to understand how to properly install the unit power outlets.
Video # 1. Construction of Enclosures for socket panel:
Video # 2. Installation instructions pyatirozetochnogo unit:
Setting C wall unit on the complexity of the installation is not much harder to connect single or double outlet. Attend and maximum accuracy, carry out installation of quite a force to any owner, owning only a basic knowledge of electrical work.
You want to talk about your personal experience of the installation and connection of the group of sockets? There is useful information or have questions during the review article? Please write comments in the block, located below.