- Step # 1.Development of the project
- Stage №2.Preparatory work
- Stage number 3.Rough finish
- Stage №4.Finishing
- Stage number 5.Furniture and Decor
- At the end of
Living room in the apartment takes on many functions, and, above all, it is the reception and home gatherings. I want to spend my free time in a cozy, stylish and comfortable room, so sooner or later, thoughts of repair come. Depending on the condition of the room, and what you want to make from it, you will need a different set of works. It is important for to decide in advance what needs to be done, and then decide whether it will be possible for to do the work themselves or for some of them it is better to call an specialist. When it comes to overhauls, it is especially important to outline the sequence of work steps and to adhere to it clearly.
Stage # 1.Development of the project
Before embarking on even the dismantling work, you must clearly and thoroughly know what the living room should be. It is important for
to think over the interior solution, to choose a style, to decide what furniture and what size will be used, where the TV, air conditioning and other items of
equipment will be placed. It is also necessary to decide which finishing materials will be used, whether windows and doors need replacing, installing a floor heating system.
It is especially important to consider the arrangement of lighting devices, sockets and switches , and this can be done only after you have decided where the main functional areas and pieces of furniture will be located. It is better to express your vision of the future interior of the bedroom in the visual project .To do this, it is not necessary to have an education and experience as a designer. Today for computer and mobile gadgets there are a lot of programs that are easy to learn, but in the end you can get a three-dimensional model of the future living room.
Owners of small living rooms should be extremely cautious, since literally every centimeter counts, and the space must be organized correctly, carefully measuring each piece of furniture. If you are not confident in your abilities, then it is better, of course, to resort to the help of designers, having discussed all the preferences with a specialist.
Stage # 2.Preparatory work
Depending on what kind of repair you plan to do, cosmetic or capital , the set of necessary works will be different. If redecorating involves repainting surfaces, replacing windows, doors, and furniture, then capital repairs also require reworking of electrical wiring, erection or dismantling of partitions.
In any case, it’s necessary to start by taking out all the furniture from the living room, .After this, starts dismantling works on .The walls are often in the halls decorated with wallpaper, which are easy to remove. If you still experience difficulties with a spatula, the coating can be slightly moistened. It is better to clean the paint from the walls with the help of special solvents, but these works need to be done very carefully. As for the flooring, it is easy to remove it, if we are talking about linoleum, laminate or parquet. By the way, if the parquet is still in good condition and fits into the future design of the living room, then it is better to leave it, and just cover up for the duration of the repair work. Then you can make a scraping, and eventually get a virtually new flooring. If the floor was covered with tiles, and this is quite a rare solution for the living room, then you can not always cope with your own efforts, and you may have to contact specialists.
If your design project provides for to erect partitions, arches or, on the contrary, , demolish existing , merge the hall with a loggia or balcony, then all work is done at this stage. If you plan to demolish any items, it is better to get permission from the relevant services in advance.
Also at the preparation stage, they recommend to deal with the wiring .So, if you plan to replace it, then you can not do without shtenbeniya walls and laying of electrical cables. The grooves provide not only greater security, but also aesthetics in the end result, because the wall surface can be easily leveled. In order not to make mistakes, you need to be guided by a drafted project, where all points of lighting and connection of electrical appliances will be indicated, otherwise you will not be able to do without extension cords and wires hanging from everywhere. The inside of the sockets and switches are installed immediately and closed, and after all the finishing work has been done, decorative covers are installed.
Stage # 3.
rough finish Before applying an finishing finish, the surface of the walls, ceiling and floor must be carefully leveled and cleaned. It is better to start from the walls. They can be leveled using a plastering mixture: it is better to apply it to the entire surface, but with minor irregularities and only single cracks, local use of plaster is allowed, according to some experts. As a rule, gypsum plasters are used, but it should be borne in mind that the layer of material will dry for a relatively long time, and at this time you should not break into further wall decoration. So, a layer of 5-6 cm will dry in 15-20 days. It is better to apply the plaster in a single layer, but if you want to complete several, then you must wait until the previous one is completely dry. Since the plastering process is dirty and time consuming, some prefer to go the more simple way - leveling the walls with drywall .This solution is suitable for living rooms with extremely uneven walls and with a sufficient area, because drywall together with the frame takes up useful space.
Gypsum mortar is also used for leveling defects and cracks on the ceiling .After its application and drying the surface can be cleaned and primed. However, the preparation of the ceiling can not be treated so carefully, if you plan to use suspended or suspended ceilings. Such structures are assembled already at the final stage of repair, when fine finishing of the floor and walls is organized.
Experts advise after carrying out plastering work to install the heating system, except for the radiators themselves, as well as the outdoor unit of the air conditioner with a drainage system and air conditioning routes, if you plan to redo the heating system and install the air conditioning.
When all plastering and communication have been completed, it is the line for the leveling of the floors. In order to further the floor covering in the living room was ideal, durable and practical, the process of alignment must be approached with all responsibility. is the most commonly used liquid sand-cement mixture for floor screeding, this method is called wet, and it is cheaper than all, although drying has to wait for a relatively long time. Dry and semi-dry methods screed organizations are more technological, they are faster, but more expensive. If the floor in the living room is close to perfect, but still needs a small correction, then it is best to use a self-leveling floor. By the way, if in your plans to organize a system of warm floors in the living room, then it should be done at this stage. It is better not to warm under the furniture in order to save and security, so it is important to determine in advance the exact location of the furniture.
At this stage of work, it is possible to make replacement of window and door structures by .If new elements are covered with a protective film, then it is better not to remove it until the completion of all finishing works. If there is no such film, then it is better to protect windows and doors yourself with a plastic film and masking tape.
Stage # 4.Finishing
Begin finishing work from the ceiling. If the surface is already pierced, ground and primed, then you can proceed directly to the finish. If drywall sheets were used to level the surface of the ceiling, the joints between them should be sealed so that the surface is completely flat and suitable for a fine finish.
The ceiling can be painted with in any color, whitewash, use decorative plaster for finishing. The easiest option is to stick on polystyrene plates, you can also use wallpaper for the ceiling .
If the design project provides for the use of multi-level suspended structures, using a slatted ceiling or stretch, the installation is carried out after finishing the walls and the floor, since there will not be much dirt.
As for , the walls of can be easily coped with the installation of the absolute majority of coatings. You can use wallpaper , and do not rush to call them a banal and boring option, because today's range allows you to create any mood in the living room and even visually correct some of the disadvantages of the premises, all thanks to a variety of colors and ornaments. Eco-friendly and simple in pokleyka non-woven wallpaper is excellent for the living room, textile will bring proper comfort, cork wallpaper is one of the most natural wall decoration options. Thanks to the metal wallpaper of the living room, you can give a modern luxurious look, and the wall-paper creates real miracles: they not only set the atmosphere in the room, but also solve the problem of lack of space.
A variant for all times for the decoration of the walls in the living room - painting and decorative plaster .Such walls will be a wonderful neutral background for furniture and accessories, and with the help of an accent wall of a different color, you can get an interesting interior solution. Part of the walls in the living room can be decorated with decorative stone , for example, the area near the sofa, fireplace, TV or dining table. Alternatively, you can use clapboard, MDF panels or laminate, and even more interesting look can be achieved by using soft wall panels, ceramic tiles, mirror tiles, fabric and other materials that most closely match the chosen style and preferences of the living room owners.
As for the flooring, it is important to find a balance between attractiveness and good performance, because there will often be guests, friends and family members. On the other hand, the floor should be easy to clean, so for the living room we can recommend using laminate and linoleum.
Massive board and piece parquet - the materials are very expensive and capricious, but with proper care they will last a long time.
Compromise for the price option - flooring .
The carpet is not often used in living rooms, although if the room is intended primarily for family gatherings, then this is a great option.
You can use the stone or tile to decorate the dining area in the living room, if available. The most modern solution for living rooms - self-leveling floor , it is durable, practical, wear-resistant, can imitate any material.
When installed floor and ceiling, go to the installation of floor and ceiling baseboards. After that, you can proceed to the completion of electrical work : install sockets, switches, lighting devices, install the indoor unit air conditioner.
Stage # 5.Furniture and decor
After all the rough and finishing work, the turn comes the most interesting stage of repair - the placement of furniture and accessories. It is better to decide on what kind of furniture and where it will stand, at the planning stage of the repair, so that no annoying surprises happen. Naturally, all pieces of furniture should match the size, color and style of the living room, be in harmony with each other, be made of high-quality and safe materials.
Among the required pieces of furniture for the living room is to name the sofa, coffee table, wall or rack, TV stand. It is also possible to provide several chairs or poufs, a chest of drawers, a desk, a dining table with chairs, etc. If space permits, in the living room you can organize several functional areas, which can be demarcated just with the help of furniture.
Do not forget about the accessories , which are sometimes able to bring a zest to the interior of the living room. In some cases, it is the decor that plays the primary role in the perception of the space of the room: if furniture and decoration of neutral colors are used, accessories and textiles help to inhale the mood in the living room. All items of lighting, pillows, blankets, curtains, tablecloths, vases, paintings should be in harmony with each other and with furniture in the living room. It is important in the desire to decorate the hall not to cross the borders of a reasonable one, otherwise the space will be perceived cluttered, and the look will not be able to focus on any one object, and this as a result will make the room not very comfortable for a long stay.
At the end of
When planning repairs in the living room, especially if it is capital, it is important to imagine in advance as clearly and detailed as possible what you should get. The sequence of work and the final result depends on it, and the draft will help avoid many mistakes in the choice of furniture, lighting schemes, etc. By the way, it is important to soberly assess your capabilities, and determine which works can be performed independently and which ones are better to be entrusted to professionals. Following the plan, the choice of quality materials for repairs and the faithful execution of all the work is a guarantee that the overhaul of the living room will not be needed for a long time.