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with own hands with your own handshake 95% a single piece in your own design with the help of your own handshake 15)- These are Babylonian hanging gardens. The living wall, created by King Nebuchadnezzar in 605 BC, still causes unprecedented admiration. In fact, at that time this building was not something unusual. History shows that creating greenery in the spacious rooms of the palace was commonplace. The Babylonian king only improved the then well-known method of gardening rooms.
Nowadays, the living wall confidently takes its place of honor in the interior of residential houses and apartments. A vertical structure of living green plants can also be a highlight of any office or restaurant.
What is such a structure? Let's try to figure it out.
Green miracle on the wall
Many people at all times liked indoor plants. They were decorated with spacious houses, small apartments and even personal plots. Often, greens were grown in pots, which were put on the windows, floors or on the street. There were also those who hung vases on the walls, attaching them to metal structures.
Modern construction - the living wall is a vertical hanging garden attached to the building.
Unlike the front green ornaments, the roots of the plants of the living wall are in a special tank.
Greens receive moisture and fertilizer from a vertical structure, not from the soil. On the building you can hang a great variety of different indoor flowers. Such a living wall of plants in an apartment brings residents an invaluable benefit:
- purification of the room atmosphere;
- dry air humidification;
- absorption of unpleasant odors;
- original shade of the summer sun.
In addition, growing and caring for flowers on the phyto-wall is much easier than on the windows and in pots. Especially when the flowerpots are located behind the curtains, where they are not visible at all and it is inconvenient to water or spray. And if the windows of the apartment face north, then due to lack of sunlight, the plants often get sick. That is why the "hanging gardens" - a wise decision for lovers of indoor plants.
A selection of photos of a living wall in the interior:
Choosing the right plants
To create an original green design on the wall, it is important to choose the right flowers. Each plant must meet the following requirements:
- Strong root system.
- Short or curly stems.
- Bushy, medium sized leaves.
Thanks to a strong root, the plant can safely hold on to a vertical structure. And for a climbing plant, the phyto-wall is simply heavenly conditions.
Arranging the "hanging garden" for the first time, it is desirable to use unpretentious flowers. An ideal variant is ampelous varieties that actively grow and hover. In a short time they will cover the whole structure with greenery.
Most often, experts advise to put on the living wall various types:
- ornamental grapes;
A living wall in the interior of the kitchen will look great if you plant on it various spicy herbs or culinary herbs.
Suitable garden plants:
- salads dwarf varieties.
Not every hostess boasts an original green living corner in the kitchen.
Do not buy too expensive plants to arrange the first living wall. When it successfully "grows together" from simple colors, then you can add exotic options.
You can create a charming green corner in a house or apartment using live moss. The first to use it in the interior of the Norwegian designers, showing his idea at an exhibition in England. They made a living wall of moss, setting it at the head of a plush bed. Since that time, such a construction confidently "settled" in the homes of creative individuals.
All this is due to the special properties of this plant. The phyto-wall of natural moss has several advantages:
- Does not need to install heavy structures. To create it, it is enough to use a special wall with moss spores.
- Easy care. Green corner of this plant can not be watered. It independently absorbs moisture from the air. Moss does not need to cut or fertilize, and this is a big time saver.
- Ability to create a different design. Like any plant, moss comes in different shades. Due to this, in a living room, you can create abstract patterns or drawings, adjusting to the interior.
- Using moss as a base for other indoor plants. Live walls from decorative moss, which are complemented with fern or liana, look original.
Applying practical advice on the selection of suitable plants, the question arises: how to make a living wall of plants on their own? Nowadays it is available to everyone, the main thing is to want and act.
Live wall of moss - video
Equipment and a suitable place
Most often it turns out that a suitable place is away from sunlight. But it does not matter! For this there is an artificial light. To create optimal conditions for the growth of green space on the wall, you can use daylight bulbs.
Even better, if they are energy efficient, more light, but less electricity. This is especially practical in the winter when they are burning all day.
Do not think that shade-loving plants do not need light. In a dark room, they quickly fade and eventually disappear.
In addition to the additional lighting, automatic watering should be on the vertical living wall. Such systems are freely sold in flower supermarkets. If you wish, you can build yourself using polypropylene pipes.
When a small vertical construction of fresh flowers is arranged, some designers do without such a watering system. The main thing is that the structure allows you to regularly supply the plants with liquid manually.
Creating a green masterpiece with your own hands
Due to the fact that each person has his own taste and preferences, many do not like the standard “gardens” from the store. Therefore, the "great artists" strive to create a living wall of plants with their own hands. What will help such people bring their dreams to life? Simple tips.
Modern designers offer a variety of ideas for vertical living designs. Therefore, to begin with, it is advisable to decide on such issues:
- Location of the living wall.
- A selection of colors to decorate the structure.
- Preliminary development of a green garden structure.
- Creating uninterrupted access of fresh air to plants.
- Preparation of additional lighting.
- Options for placing flowers on the phyto wall.
- Top dressing and watering of plants.
Considering all these points, you can get down to business. Some devices for vertical green garden are sold in the store, others are made independently. In addition, they are of two types: using soil or without it( plants grow hydroponically).Both options have their pros and cons.
Hydroponics is used on structures where flowers grow in so-called pockets.
It is based on polymer felt with sections sewn on it. The material is attached to a special frame. When the plants grow, the root punches the felt and due to this they sit firmly on a vertical structure. If a flower is sick or gone, it is easy to replace it with another. In addition, you should regularly feed( once a month) live greens on the wall.
Using such materials for a vertical flower garden, it is enough just to plant selected plants in the cells.
The construction of felt weighs relatively little, and therefore does not need additional fastening.
Another design option is the use of small containers filled with fertile floral primer. Of course, it is much harder and takes up more space. But to create it yourself is quite realistic. For this you need a polypropylene water system with miniature gutters. As well as fastening elements to the wall. Such an irrigation system is designed hermetically, so moisture will not fall on the wall.
Place the gutters at a short distance from each other. Subsequently, this space will cover the overgrown greens, and the wall will turn into a solid carpet.
At first, the expanded clay is poured into the installed gutters, and then it is covered with soil. Now you can plant prepared indoor plants.
Another option to create a living wall with your own hands is to fasten small pots to the wall. To do this, use a deep frame or box. The back wall must be insulated with a film. The structure is attached to the wall with long nails or screws, so that it can withstand the weight of flower containers.
After that, pots of flowers are glued to the frame or drawer. Empty seats can be filled with decorative ornaments.
It is also important in what order the plants are located on a living wall. At the lowest level it is better to put spreading flowers. Slightly higher place curly options or plants that periodically bloom. On the top shelf it is advisable to put ampelnye room copies. It is important to take into account the amount of daylight, shade, humidity and air temperature in the room. It is desirable to choose the soil rich in nutrients so that the plants do not hurt.
Ultimately, a living wall, made by hand, will delight the household all year round.
In addition, the apartment will always have clean air, an original interior and a pleasant atmosphere. A living wall in one’s own dwelling may well become the eighth wonder of the world, and not just its echo.