;also in other Western European countries.
This type of cabbage has a high nutrient content and good taste. Dense small coaches of Brussels sprouts are used in the preparation of the first and second courses, and they can also be pickled for the winter.
Brussels Sprouts Varieties
All Brussels Sprouts varieties are divided into early ripening, mid ripening and late ripening.
Mid-season varieties of Brussels sprouts:
- Rosella - has a good yield( up to 50 coaches are harvested from one stalk);
- Kassio - characterized by high yields( up to 60 kochanchikov).
- Hercules 1342 - resistant to diseases, is the most common, frost-resistant;
- Dallik - characterized by high resistance to keel;
- Curl - a variety of domestic selection, frost-resistant.
Early ripening varieties:
- Franklin F1 - ripening period 130 days;
- Dolmik F1 is the best variety, taking into account the peculiarities of cultivation of Brussels sprouts in Siberia and the Urals.
The stem of cabbage reaches 40-60 cm, depending on the variety. The cabbages of Brussels sprouts are green-yellow, they can reach a mass of up to 20 grams, and from one specimen they collect up to 0.5 kg( the harvest depends on the variety).
Features of growing Brussels sprouts
In order to get a good crop of cabbages, the cultivation of Brussels sprouts must be carried out taking into account the demanding of the crop to the soil and place of growth. Cabbage seedlings are planted in fertile loam with neutral or low acidity pH.For the cultivation of Brussels sprouts a well-lit place is diverted, because due to the lack of light, the heads of cabbage on the stem do not have time to form and gain mass.
This type of cabbage should be planted after root vegetables, legumes, early tomatoes and pumpkin crops. In order to prevent many diseases and especially keels, Brussels sprouts are not recommended to be planted after crucifers.
Features of growing Brussels sprouts in Siberia and the Urals.
The growing season for Brussels sprouts lasts 160-180 days, so this crop is grown only in seedlings at middle latitudes.
For seed germination, 3 degrees of heat is sufficient, and as it rises to 20 degrees, seedlings appear on the 4th day.
A soil mixture composed of peat and sod land with the addition of wood ash and complex mineral fertilizer is poured into the crates of the boxes. Cultivated land for growing seedlings of Brussels sprouts is not used to minimize the risk of infection by pests and keel. Seeds are laid out in the wells to a depth of 2 cm. You can sow cabbage on seedlings from the second decade of April. If there is no place in the greenhouse, seeds for seedlings can be sown under the film in a well-warmed place.
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Watering sprouts from Brussels sprout is necessary as the soil dries in the box. It is important not to pour, otherwise the seedlings will disappear. When 4-7 true leaves are formed on the plant, the seedlings are ready for transplanting into open ground.
Brussels sprouts are transplanted according to weather conditions( since May 15), and for the regions of Siberia and the Urals the dates are shifted to the beginning of June.
Ideal for growing Brussels sprouts will be the ridge on which cucumbers, tomatoes or leguminous crops grew last year. During transplantation of cabbage seedlings in the hole to add fertilizer is not necessary, because the ridge is prepared in the fall. If there was no autumn refueling, 2 weeks before planting a bucket of humus, half a liter of chalk or ash, 100 gr.nitrofoski. The soil is fertilized with fertilizers, leveled and shed additionally with a solution of potassium permanganate( 1.5 g. Of substance is taken into a bucket of water).This is a good prevention of keels and other cruciferous diseases.
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Brussels sprouts seedlings gently removed from the box, saving a clod of earth.
Planting is carried out in rows, keeping a distance of 60 cm between plants. The soil around the stem is compacted so that the wind does not tilt the plant. Cabbage seedlings grown in a cassette or pottery way take root best of all, because during transshipment the clod retains its shape.
Since Brussels sprouts develop long enough( almost half a year), beds with this crop can be used more rationally by planting cucumbers, early tomatoes, lettuce and other vegetables and greens in the aisle.
After transplanting, you need to take proper care of Brussels sprouts. It is practically the same as for cauliflower, only it is not necessary to spud.
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Watering. For the entire period of cultivation, Brussels sprouts are watered 10 times, using 400 liters of water for 10 square meters of planting before the establishment of a cabbage on the stem, and 450 liters during the period of their growth.
Feeding. During the season, seedlings are fed twice with mineral fertilizers. Organic as a food for this type of cabbage is not used.
- For the first time, Brussels sprouts are fed a week after planting in open ground. On 2 holes spend a teaspoon of nitroammofoski.
- The second dressing is carried out by already grown plants, when the seed buds begin to appear on the stems. A solution is used as a top-dressing: 25 grams of nitroammofoski, potassium sulfate and superphosphate are dissolved in 10 liters of water. Before feeding the soil is shed with water, and then make the feeding. For the second feeding, you can use the following fertilizer composition: 30 grams of potassium chloride, 40 grams of superphosphate, 2 grams of urea.
Pinch. In September, when the harvest lasts 3-4 weeks, Brussels sprouts pinch the top, cut rosette leaves. This is a decapitation method that contributes to the growth of coaches.
Harvesting. The fact that the cabbage Brussels sprouts are ready to harvest, tell them the color of the first leaves of the heads. They become yellowish, and then showered. On the fruits themselves there is a characteristic wax shine.
Growing Brussels Sprouts - Video