Installation of the boiler - an important stage home. If the equipment is picked up correctly, regardless of the weather conditions in the room a comfortable temperature will be maintained.
Often in private homes put electric heating boilers. Devices are safe, easy to operate and their effectiveness depends on the model chosen.
In this article we shall understand in the features of these devices, denoted criteria for selection of heating equipment, and announced Top 12 best manufacturers According to its users.
The content of the article:
- Features electric boiler unit
- Classification criteria heaters
The nuances of choosing the right model
- That will help to save on heating?
- TOP-12 producers heating equipment
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Features electric boiler unit
Basic elements of electric heating boiler structure - the tank and heating element. Devices equipped with control and automation systems.
Also in the box may include different models and expansion tanks circulating pumps.
When purchasing a boiler should pay attention to the type of heating element. Over time, TENah deposited lime particles, which affects the power of the device
Electric boilers have several advantages:
- Fire safety. Thanks to the automatic control system and the lack of open flame devices are safe. They do not emit toxic substances and products of combustion are not able to explode.
- Ease of installation. For electrical equipment does not require any chimney or ventilation, which facilitates installation.
- high efficiency. Regardless of the type of heating device, all electric boilers are highly efficient.
- density. Electrical appliances, especially attachments, take up little space.
- nice design. Most modern models stylistically versatile and look good in the interior.
Electric boilers are almost ideal - easy to use, safe. Their only serious drawback - the high cost of electricity. Another caveat: the inhabitants of the regions where there are frequent disruptions in the grid, it is better to choose boilers, working on other energy sources, or to take care of the purchase of additional heating devices.
Classification criteria heaters
The variety of electric boilers have a huge advantage: you can find a model perfectly suited to the specific operating conditions. At the same time, so as not to make a mistake, the buyer have to understand the nuances.
Electric heating equipment are classified according to several criteria, the most important of which are:
- heating the coolant type: TENovye, electrode, induction;
- location method: hinged (wall), interior;
- design: single, combi.
Heating and electric boilers may vary according to other parameters. For example, some manufacturers produce not only single-phase models (220), but the three-phase (380 V).
there are also combi boilersIn which, in addition to electricity may be used and other energy sources (wood or gas).
The construction features an electrode boiler - the presence of the electrode which is not a heater, but it performs its function. Heating of the heat carrier is carried out by transmitting electricity water. As a result, the coolant temperature increases due to the resistance increase
According to its principle of operation of these boilers resemble electric kettles and boilers: heat transfer fluid is heated by the heating element and into the heating system. The only significant difference is that the water warms up in flow-through mode, and does not accumulate in the tank
At the induction electric boilers have a significant advantage over other types of models: in their design absent as heating elements, which are gradually calcifications, and electrodes which are eventually dissolve. Devices work by high-frequency currents, whereby a high efficiency
These models are designed exclusively for heating and hot water are not suitable for the organization. Single-brand model proven an excellent job with its function, the easy to use and rarely require repair. They are reliable and durable
The main advantage of electric boilers combi - versatility. Models are designed for connection to two systems - heating and hot water. By purchasing one appliance, the owner provides your home with heat and hot water. It is rational and economically viable solution
Wall models are ideal for small size premises. They are compact and do not occupy space on the floor, making it possible to efficiently use the space and convenience to carry out cleaning. An additional plus - a stylistically neutral design
The main disadvantages of floor models - large size and placement on the floor, and the advantage - power. These electric boilers are ideal for heating large buildings, especially if it is possible to equip a separate boiler
The owners of the combined boilers get choice and can use one source of energy that is more affordable in a given period of time. The most popular models - on electricity and natural gas
The heating system with the electrode caldron
Heater for heating the electric boiler
Induction boiler in the interior
Single-circuit heating electric boiler
Dual-model electric boiler
Wall-mounted boiler in the interior of the house
Floor electric heating boiler
Combined floor-standing boiler
TENovye and electrode boilers are time-tested, reliable and arrange those homeowners who are trying to find a model of decent quality at an affordable price.
Since the electrodes are sensitive to the composition of the coolant, it is necessary to monitor the quality of water in the heating system. If a new boiler is connected to the old system, it is thoroughly washed, removing all dirt and impurities
Induction instruments are more suitable for people who appreciate high-performance technology and cutting edge design. Their advantage - the freedom of choice coolant: Boilers can be connected to a heating system with antifreeze.
TENovye boiler easy to install and generally have a capacity adjustment, but due to the formation scaling on the heating elements of the heat transfer is gradually reduced, and the power consumption increases
Choosing between the wall and floor boilers, should define the space in which the device can be positioned.
Practice shows that reliable electric boilers floor wall. They rarely break and they last longer. If it is possible to allocate a place under the floor model, it will be the best solution
If you need a powerful boiler, and the room is spacious, it is necessary to give preference to the floor model and for houses with floor space up to 100 square meters you can choose a wall.
Principles of operation of induction and TENovyh devices differ significantly, although it has little effect on efficiency. The main difference - in the amount of initial investment, but over time, maintenance costs are aligned boilers since due to the lack of heating elements induction models require less repair
Any type of electric hot water boiler has advantages and limitations in use, so devices should be chosen, focusing on their own needs, priorities and characteristics of operation of the heating technology.
The nuances of choosing the right model
Electricity - an expensive energy source. If the boiler is to be picked up properly, you will have to pay huge electricity bills.
So it makes sense to pay attention to some details:
- functions instrument. It is necessary to determine what features should perform boiler - only heat the house or additionally supplying it with hot water.
- Technical indicators boiler. Be sure to take into account not only the heated area, but also the degree of thermal insulation.
- Price. In many ways, the cost of heating devices depending on the power, but that's not all. Additional functions can lead to a significant rise in the cost model. Therefore it is necessary to understand clearly as to whether the budget to pay for the convenience.
Even before the start of the boiler should be searching to find out how powerful it should be.
You can calculate the power, focusing on averages: 1 kW of power enough to heat 10 sq m premises with ceiling heights up to 3 m. It turns out to heat a small house with an area of 60 m is suitable device for power of 6 kW.
When buying an electric boiler fundamental importance power consumption. It is better to overpay for a more expensive model, but to save on its operating
It is desirable to consider the degree of thermal insulation and fly with a small reserve of power boiler (20%). If the house is badly insulated, choose a gas or better solid-modelBecause heating using electricity too expensive.
That will help to save on heating?
There are several devices that help reduce power consumption and reduce the cost of home heating:
- thermostats. Boilers equipped with thermostats, do not overheat the room, but at the same time maintain the required temperatures.
- programmers. "Smart" boilers adjust the temperature in the room on a particular schedule. Although the boiler is operating continuously, the heating element consumes power only 34% of the time. For more information about arrangement of the heating system in the smart home, read here.
- Multistage power regulators. Thanks to the automatic controller can be an extremely efficient use of energy resources.
- microprocessors. The device is continuously adjustable power boilers, and some devices can be controlled even remotely - from smartphones or other gadgets. These expensive models, but are worth the money.
On the power consumption of the electric boiler markedly affects the presence or absence of a circulation pump.
If it is not included models, it is advisable to purchase it separately and connected to the heating system.
If there is a possibility that in the cold season, the house will be left for a while, it is better to choose a model with a system of protection against coolant freezing
When purchasing a boiler for a country house or villa should pay attention to protect the system from freezing coolant.
TOP-12 producers heating equipment
There are many different ratings based on real customer feedback, as well as the frequency of contacting a service center.
The main advantage of heating equipment "Tenko" - an acceptable price. electric boilers design is extremely simple, which makes them very reliable
According to the polls in 2017, the best recognized brands such:
This ranking presents manufacturers, have different pricing, but all the equipment is of good quality and has earned the trust of users.
The German company Buderus GmbH is one of the oldest in the world. It was founded in 1731. Initially, the company was operating in the metallurgy industry, and from the late 19th century - in the manufacture of heating equipment. Today, Buderus is part of a powerful and least known group Robert Bosch GmbH
Kospel - Polish trade mark, but the company is constantly expanding and opens a production in other European countries. More than 5 million customers have purchased boilers Kospel, and their number is steadily growing. The model is simple and easy to manage, and the tanks are ultra-reliable thanks to a special enameling technology
Vaillant - this 140-year experience in manufacturing heating equipment. Nearly a half-century of its history, the company never gave a reason to doubt the quality of the products. Buyers are no claims to the boilers of this trademark. Excellent reviews of high-tech models Vaillant eloBLOK
Brand Protherm is one of the best among the top five almost all popular ratings. Of particular interest is the model Protherm Skat, which is well suited for large buildings area of 120 sq.m. Technology is reliable, almost no noise during operation, economical consumption of energy
ZOTA - domestic heating is high-quality equipment. It is available in Krasnoyarsk for a long time and is known to our countrymen. ZOTA models are designed for customers with any budget: You can select how the elite equipment, boilers and economy class. The best part - they are comparable in terms of quality and durability
"Evan" - a domestic flooring and wall electric boilers. Technique is easy to manage, in a compact ultra-modern design, it fits in almost any interior. Production company uses Backer heating elements made of high-strength stainless steel
Ferroli group occupies leading positions in the market of heating equipment. Its products are known throughout the world. The company produces high-quality and affordable electric boilers. Popular series equipment Ferroli ZEWS. These boilers are ideal for autonomous heating systems. These easy to connect circuits of underfloor heating and water heaters
Domestic company "tiered" manufactures "smart" electric boilers. The control system is equipped with reliable sensors that check the temperature every 30 seconds and adjusts the automatic operation of the equipment. For private home is especially convenient model of 270m. This boiler is equipped with a three-stage power control system that allows you to efficiently use resources
Electric boiler Buderus
Extremely reliable electric boiler Kospel
Vaillant boiler series eloBLOK
Powerful Protherm boiler spacious house
ZOTA - the best value for money
Wall-mounted electric boiler "Evan"
Popular model Ferroli
"Tiered" - a "smart" electric boiler
boilers "tiered" are considered the best of the low-end models, "Evan." The owners of large houses should pay attention to ZOTA brand, Protherm, «Evan." average power produced good technique Vaillant, Kospel, Protherm, Buderus, «Savitri."
A small area for indoor equipment brands "Sangay" perfect and "Tenko".
Cheap electric boilers brand "Sangay" perfect for heating of apartments and small houses (up to 100 square meters). Design models conceived so that it is convenient to connect the pump equipment
List of reliable manufacturers of heating technology is not limited to companies that tops the list. there are other decent brands.
Each buyer can find a model of the electric water heating boiler, suitable for the price, quality, technical parameters.
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
We offer video, which will help to calculate the required power of the electric boiler, to choose the right model and independently mounted heating system.
Features heating electricity at home:
Calculation of boiler capacity, taking into account the Russian climatic zones:
Useful guidelines for choosing the electric boiler:
Tips for choosing a single or dual-circuit models:
Videos for self-installation of the electric boiler:
boiler installation can be fitted better to entrust a qualified electrician, but if you want equipment independently. It's easy, if you follow the instructions and comply with safety regulations. For proper operation of the boiler is able to last for decades.
The main thing - time to carry out preventive check-ups and fix minor problems before they become a problem.
If you have experience of using electric boilers, please tell our visitors what model you preferred. Does the device work happy? Maybe there are some features in its use. Please leave your comments, share your experiences, ask questions in a section block.