- №1. What kinds of lighting to provide?
- №2. What should be the lighting?
- No. 3. Arrangement of general lighting
- №4. Work area lighting
- №5. Lighting of the dining area
- №6. Decorative lighting
- №7. How to use natural light correctly?
- №8. Features of lighting a small kitchen
- №9. Which lamps to choose?
- №10. Material of the lighting device
You can not compare the rooms in an apartment in importance, but the kitchen, of course, refers to the most visited, because there is always cooking, the whole family gathers and meets guests. To make the room multifunctional regardless of its area, cozy and comfortable, it is important to pay special attention to its coverage. Properly organized, it is able in a flash to transform the kitchen from the "hot shop" into a cozy dining area, which has a long and pleasant family seating. That is why it is so important to think about the design of the future kitchen and all lighting points before the repair, and our advice should help you in this.
№1. What kinds of lighting to provide?
A couple of decades ago, the most popular option for lighting the kitchen was a single chandelier, located in the center of the ceiling. This solution can not be called the most convenient, because in this case, not covered all the most remote areas, an important part of the working area and dining table. Today even in the smallest kitchens it is necessary to provide for several types of lighting. There aremain types of kitchen lighting:
- a common, which is nevertheless necessary;
- work area illumination;
- lighting of the dining area;
- decorative lighting.
Without purely decorative lighting in the kitchen, you can get by, but properly selected functional lighting also can perform a decorative role, and modern lamps are real works of art performed on any taste.
№2. What should be the lighting?
To create the right lighting project, you need to know the basic requirements for it.And they are as follows:
- light should be placed so that people on the work surface and in the dining area do not cast a shadow;
- in the same time,light sources should not be too bright, so as not to blind a person;
- It is important that some light sources complement others;
- is necessaryconsider and color scheme of the kitchen. Thus, light walls and furniture will reflect up to 80% of the light flux, and dark - only about 12%;
- for the dining and working areas is necessarydifferent lighting power. Approximate norms are: power of illuminationfor working area - 100 W / m2, for dining - 50 W / m2;
- When lighting the working area, you need to monitor the distance from water sources to the luminaires. It must be at least 60 cm.
No. 3. Arrangement of general lighting
Without a common main room, you can not do, so in the center of the kitchen or in the dining room area, you can provide a chandelier. An alternative to chandeliers for small kitchens is flat lamps, as well as built-in lighting in a false ceiling. Great, if it'srheostat is provided, with which you can adjust the intensity of the flow of light and change the atmosphere in the kitchen.
№4. Work area lighting
Above the working area, where all the processes for cutting meat, cleaning vegetables, kneading dough and the like are going on, you need to equip a fairly bright light. Place the light sources beston hanging cupboards, so that the light from them would fall directly on the work surface. If there is no such lighting, then when you work all the space ahead of you will be in the shade, which means that you will have to strain your eyesight. It is also important that the light is directed directly to the work surface and does not hit the eyes. You can choose a set of furniture, where the manufacturer has already provided holes for the installation of fixtures, but you can solve the problem and with the help of individual fixtures.
Excellent replacement for conventional lamps -LED Strip Light, which is also attached to the lower surface of the lockers. This is one of the most economical and uniform ways of lighting. In addition, the LED strip is a great way to decorate the kitchen, highlight the individual zones, create a smooth transition to the ceiling lighting.
The backlighting needs not only a working surface, but also a sink, a cooker, and a kitchen island, if any. Over the stove, you can only use the lighting provided by the hood - this is quite enough.
№5. Lighting of the dining area
The dining table should have a soft, quiet and cozy lighting, which will sufficiently illuminate the surface, but not create too bright lighting. It is worth considering the location of the table in the kitchen with respect to the window. Necessarymaximize the use of natural light, so the dining table to put near the window opening.
Artificial dining table lightinglargely depends on its location in the kitchen, as well as on the interior preferences of the owners. So, if the table is at the wall, then you can use a pairwall sconces. Ceiling fixtures on adjustable suspensionsalso will look good, but they are best suited for dining tables that stand in the central area of the kitchen. One or more of these lamps with interesting shades and the ability to adjust the height of the arrangement is an ideal option for any kitchen.
If the kitchen is quite smallit is better, of course, above the dining table to usefixtures bra. Alternative - small lamps or fixtures, which can be installed directly on the dining table: thus the interior will only be transformed and become even more cozy. For the most miniature kitchens, it is allowed to combine the common light with the lighting of the dining area, so as not to obstruct the ceiling and walls with lighting devices.
№6. Decorative lighting
From one name it is clear that in this case we are talking about lighting that does not perform any specific function, but serves only as an ornament of the interior. With the help of several light bulbs you can not only give the kitchen a twist, but even visually expand the space.
So, as an additional lighting you can uselighting of kitchen cabinets. It looks especially impressive when they have transparent doors. Such lighting carries, by the way, not only a decorative function, but also helps to find objects in the closet faster.
You can highlight the space between the ceiling and the kitchen. A small gap between the hanging cabinets and the ceiling can be closed with a panel of Plexiglas, and behind it place an LED strip. As a result, we get an interesting design technique, which is great especially for small kitchens, because it visually makes the room higher. In addition, such lighting will give additional soft light, and the panels will close the hood pipe and other little sympathetic communications.
You can also runillumination of the base of the kitchen set. As a result, a feeling is created that the kitchen furniture seems to float in the air, and this visually increases the space. Another great option for small kitchens.
Do not forget about such a source of lighting,like candles. Their very appearance already gives a special atmosphere to the kitchen interior, and they light it gives a soft warm light, which turns into a festive dinner.
№7. How to use natural light correctly?
Natural lighting should be used to the maximum, because this is an excellent opportunity to save money. The window opening should be as large as possible, but if you live in an apartment building, then you need to use completely different tricks. So, if there is little light in the kitchen, it is better to providemaximally transparent curtainsso that they do not take away the sunlight. To be able to adjust the flow of sunlight entering the kitchen, you can useblinds, roman or roller blinds. By the way,the color of the walls plays an important role: the lighter they are, the more light they reflect. The kitchen with light walls will seem more lit and spacious than the similar one, but with walls of a dark shade. But the main thing is not to overdo it, becauseExcess of light also does not make the kitchen more comfortable and comfortable.
In order not to be mistaken, it is necessary to follow the following rules:
- windows facing north, must be kept in absolute purity, because dust on them can take away about a third of the sunlight;
- kitchenswith windows facing south, in the daytime often suffer from an overabundance of light, so in this case it is better to use curtains of dark shades or just thick curtains, at least for the summer period;
- alsofor kitchens with southern windowsYou can advise using cold shades in the decoration of the walls;
- bestway to regulate the flow of sunlight - blinds, and they are suitable for any kitchen;
- if the light in the kitchen during the day is still not enough, fluorescent fluorescent tubes can be used: they are a good alternative to sunlight and do not consume much electricity.
№8. Features of lighting a small kitchen
The basic principles of lighting a small kitchen do not differ from the general ones, but the area of the room must be taken into account when choosing lighting devices. Many mistakenly believe that if the room is small, then only one chandelier in the center of the kitchen will suffice. It will not be able to illuminate all areas of the working surface, so it is better to use several light sources.
As a general lighting, you can usespotlights, in fact they do not take away places, soffits or povortonnyespotlights. The latter are generally unique for small rooms, since the direction of the light is very prsoto to change, illuminating those or other zones.
Some kitchens can not boast of high ceilings, so it is not wise to organize a suspended or stretched ceiling - the room will appear generally tiny. In this case, there is no point lighting, and you can choose a chandelier, but you do not need to pay attention to all models. So, ideal for a small kitchen will docompact and very laconicA model that will not overload the prostration. It is important to remember that the lamp should be compact, not small, otherwise it will emphasize the main minus of the kitchen - miniature.
For small kitchens, suspended fixtures are not suitable: the closer the ceiling is to the ceiling surface, the better. Well suited fixtures, the light of which is not directed down, but to the ceiling, but the plafones in the form of plates and boxes create a too dim glow.
№9. Which lamps to choose?
For lighting, you can use lamps of various types, which differ in price, economy and other characteristics. Everyone makes a choice based on their own preferences and requirements, but the most popular today are such lamps:
- incandescent lamp- one of the most common lighting options of recent times. Earlier, such lamps could be found almost in every house, but today many people understand, how much more economical it is to use other types of lamps, so their popularity, albeit slowly, falls;
- fluorescent lampsmuch more economical than incandescent lamps. With the same power, they give a brighter light, last longer, but also cost more;
- halogen lampsalso quite economical, but due to the huge variety of shapes and types, they allow creating unique interior solutions;
- LED lamphave high light output and a long service life.
№10. Material of the lighting device
All chandeliers, sconces and other lighting objects should be made of quality glass or plastic so that they can withstand the effects of high temperatures and steam. If the kitchen is made in the style of a country or a provence, some lamps may have fabric lampshades, but they should be made of an easily cleanable cloth.
Important is the style and luminaires, which should fit the style of the room. Modern lamps are so unique that they can become an ornament of any kitchen. Color and style should meet the interior solution, and different lamps should be in harmony with each other.
To create competent illumination in the kitchen, it is necessary to think through all the details in advance, because at the repair stage it will be necessary to lay the wiring correctly. If you created a project for a future kitchen, then it's much easier to decide on the type, color and size of the lamps, their number. Do not forget to take into account the position of the kitchen relative to the sides of the world, as well as its area.