7 types of top dressing of fruit trees and bushes in the fall

Many novice gardeners mistakenly believe that plants need feeding at the initial stage of the growing season and are limited to fertilizing in spring. However, the end of the season is always accompanied by work on preparing the culture for wintering. And one of the important events is the introduction of a nutrient mixture to strengthen the root system and immunity in general. How and how to feed garden fruit trees in the fall in the garden we will talk further.

Contents:

  • garden autumn top dressing How to feed the bushes with organic matter in the
  • garden Liquid top dressing in the fall

in autumn The importance of autumn fertilizers for fruit treesImu

Enrichment of the soil with nutrients in autumn allows the plants to obtain, before the onset of cold weather, the necessary trace elements that strengthen the protective functions. A sturdy tree winters without much loss and actively enters the growing season, intensively throwing out new shoots and buds.

The absence of stress contributes to abundant flowering and a long fruiting period. Good immunity provides resistance to attacks of insects and pathogens.

Choosing the composition of fertilizers, or making a mixture of mineral substances, you should follow the recommended dosage. Abundance of food in this case is inappropriate.

For each types of fruit trees, it is recommended to use a universal blend or familiarize yourself with the norms for the introduction of a particular mineral substance.

Fruit trees and shrubs need fertilizer after fruiting.
  • Liquid , consisting of 2 tbsp, is more suitable for apricot, cherry or plumlpotassium sulfate, 3 tbsp.lsuperphosphate and buckets of water. On one plant 4 buckets of solution are spent.
  • It is better to fertilize the Quince by the dry method, distributing 30 grams in the stem circle.superphosphate and 20 gr.potassium salt( per 1 m2).
  • To fertilize the land on which the peaches are growing, you need 110-150 grams.superphosphate and 45-65 gr.potassium salt. Minerals are embedded in the soil along the stem circle.

Timing for autumn feeding

You can carry out work on the preparation of planting for winter throughout September and part of October, up to the first frost. But it is not worthwhile to delay the procedure in terms, the plant will need time to assimilate the nutrients received during processing. If you enrich the land before establishing stable cold weather, the tree will not have time to gain strength, which means that top dressing will be ineffective.

Before applying the nutrient mixture, it is recommended to clean the soil surface from fallen leaves, cut off the dried and damaged branches, seal the traces of mechanical damage on the trunk, if any. Also, the preparation involves digging the trunk in a circle with a slightly smaller immersion than a shovel bayonet. The result is a barrel circle.

Crop-feeding is possible throughout September.

What to fertilize before winter

? There are several types of fertilizers, each of which deserves attention. Before applying it, it will not be superfluous to familiarize yourself with the advantages of one or another option in order to select the most effective top dressing.

Mineral autumn fertilizing in September and October.

This type of plant nutrition has a simple chemical composition of trace elements that are safe for plants and the environment. Existing mineral fertilizers are conventionally divided into simple and complex. These definitions are conditional, since even simple options contain enough nutrients for normal culture development. Complex formulations contain 2-3 basic components and several additional, presented in a small dosage.

Granules can be distributed over the soil surface around the stem of the tree, followed by watering and embedding or dissolved previously in water for watering the plant at the root.

The following types of mineral fertilizers are recommended for the autumn sub-feed:

  • complex;
  • Potash;
  • phosphoric.
Mineral supplements can be used both in dry and in diluted form

Phosphoric compounds for fruit trees

Superphosphate and ammophos are considered the most popular fertilizers in horticulture from the phosphate group. There is an opinion that it is better to choose double superphosphate, in it the amount of gypsum is less, and the dosage of the main component is increased.

Phosphorus slows down the process of dissolving compounds used in top dressing. This increases the effectiveness of the nutrient enrichment procedure. The advantages of phosphorus compounds is the ability to strengthen the root system, give the plant strength and energy. Phosphorus also contributes to the accumulation of sugar and protein in the sap of the tree.

Phosphate fertilizers strengthen the trees

Good potash fertilizers

Autumn dressings with potash make it possible for even weak plants to survive the bitter cold. Two types of fertilizers are produced: chloride and sulphate. Before use, familiarize yourself with the susceptibility of each fruit tree to chlorine and sulfur. For example, pear and apple trees respond well to chlorine, which is not the case with fruit bushes.

When applying potash fertilizers, it is important to take into account the environment in the soil in order not to acidify it with, for example, potassium sulfate.
Potassium supplements help plants survive the cold

Combined fertilizers to increase yields

The use of mixed supplements is also important for autumn preparations for the winter. As an option, put a mixture of the following components in the wells at the roots:

  • humus( 5 kg);
  • superphosphate( 50 g.);
  • chloride or potassium sulfate( 30 g.).

The composition must first be mixed well, so that all substances are distributed evenly. After thrashing the pit should be watered.

For young crops that are less than 5 years old, organic matter is taken at a lower dosage. And for trees older than 8 years, the amount of fertilizer increases by 20-30%.

Another type of combined nutrition is phosphorus-potassium compounds. A balanced product facilitates the application and enriches the soil with all the necessary valuable minerals.

Combined dressings are good for beginners who do not yet understand how to care for plantings

Plant ash for garden autumn dressing

Plant ash is considered a universal remedy that can be used dry and dissolved in water. This dressing is suitable for almost all crops. Thanks to ash, the soil is deoxidized, enriched with microelements necessary for normal growing season:

  • magnesium;
  • Calcium;
  • potassium;
  • zinc;
  • copper;
  • sulfur and other substances.

When using this fertilizer it is worth considering that the proportions of the microelements included in the composition vary depending on the feedstock( grass, straw, peat).

Wood ash is a type of potash fertilizer due to the high content of such a component as potassium. Hardwoods have an index of 14-16%, conifers - 4-6%.

Ash feeding includes the following advantages:

  • stems and stems of plants strengthened;
  • strengthens immunity, which increases the chances of survival in the winter;
  • increases the resistance of the culture to various infections and viruses;
  • the presence of potassium keeps from the rapid growth and premature ripening of fruits;
  • main component is involved in photosynthesis, transforming nutrients into starch.

When using plant ash for feeding plantings, it is recommended to adhere to the consumption rate: 250 grams per 1 m2.

Ash can be mixed with the soil and then scattered around the trees

How to feed the bushes with organic matter in the garden

To ensure the nutrition of fruit plantations it is appropriate to use almost all types of organic fertilizers: humus, compost, manure, bird droppings. Organic matter is often combined with mineral fertilizers, which creates optimal conditions for saturating the soil with valuable microelements and maintaining the vital force of plants during the cold season.

Organic top dressing is often embedded in the soil around the trunk to a depth of 10-15 cm. But it is also allowed to enrich the soil with a solution prepared on the basis of manure or bird droppings. In the manufacture of liquid food should strictly adhere to the norms of consumption and dosage, so as not to burn the plant.

Autumn fertilizer differs in the formulations used and in the proportions used for young seedlings and mature trees. A large dosage of nutrients will negatively affect the development of the plant, and in some cases it will provoke its death.

There is a perception that you can bury fallen leaves under fruit plantations. In fact, you should not do this, because in plant residues harmful insects, larvae and microorganisms can be arranged for wintering. Such a neighborhood with the root system will do more harm than good. But over-ripe cucumbers or zucchini( without signs of damage by diseases or parasites) can be buried in the circumstantial circle, thereby creating a mini compost pit.

It is better not to use manure fresh

Liquid top dressing in autumn

It is necessary to feed in a dry form. Nutrients are buried in the ground around the trunk of a tree or cover the surface of the soil as mulch. If you use the same minerals or organic matter in combination with water, you get at least valuable liquid feed that is watered plants under the root. The effectiveness of this treatment is that all components used are distributed evenly in the soil.

The main advantage of liquid fertilizers is the form of nutrients available to plants. This type of feed is particularly suitable for crops that have a long period of growth.

The most popular fertilizers are based on poultry manure or manure .To prepare the solution, initially a small part of the organic matter is infused for a week in water, obtaining a concentrated liquid. For further use, you will need to dilute the billet with water and water the plants at the root 2-3 times per season, including autumn.

Properly performed shrub autumn dressing will strengthen the immunity of fruit trees, which will allow them to survive a harsh winter and increase the harvest. And what kind of fertilizer to choose and make under fruit trees and berry bushes is up to you!

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