Very many gardeners grow red currants on their plots. This berry has a pleasant taste and many useful properties of .Most often, bright fruits are processed, but there are also large-fruited varieties that are perfectly suitable for fresh consumption, for example, Ilyinka or Alpha. The best varieties for the central region are Rosetta, Ronde, Natalie and Dutch Red, while the Ural beauty is the most winter-hardy variety.
- varieties of red currants for the central and central Russia
- Red Cross
- Grades early period berries ripening
- Jonker van Tetsu
- Early sweet
- Cherry Viksne
- most large-fruited varieties
- Winter-hardy varieties
- Ural beauty
- Lights of the Urals
- Scarlet dawn
- The best grades of red currant for the Moscow Region
- Gollnd red
Red currant varieties for the central and central Russia
The main indicator that the red currant variety is suitable for the central belt is its resistance to frost and drought. The changeable climate of the central region allows you to grow only strong plants. As for the taste, size and other characteristics of the berries, each gardener chooses for himself individually. The best representatives of the varieties of this category are:
The variety is the result of the work of Belarusian breeders. Medium shrub with a rounded, not dense crown. Berry light red color, small size, weight up to 0.5 grams .Also, the variety has a high yield and self-fertility, tolerates frosts, fruits tolerate transportation. Minus is the susceptibility to fungal diseases.
A variety of Dutch breeding, medium-sized shrub with thick shoots, tolerates frost well and brings 6-7 kilograms of crop .The berries are scarlet, weighing from 0.7 to 1.5 grams. Suitable for processing, and in overripe form is used for fresh consumption. The taste is sour. Rolan is not exposed to fungal diseases, but there is a threat of attack of currant bud mite.
This type of currant was developed in the USA.Shrub of medium height with a wide, spreading crown. The berries are small, their weight is 0.5 grams .The color of the pulp is red, but the skin is transparent. The variety is distinguished by self-fertility and winter hardiness, and is immune to many diseases.
Varieties of early ripening berries
Harvest from shrubs belonging to the early term of ripening can be collected at the end of June .This figure attracts the attention of many gardeners who want to eat fresh berries as early as possible. The following varieties are considered the most popular:
Yonker van Tets
One of the oldest varieties, was bred in Holland in 1941 and to this day attracts the attention of many gardeners. A bush high, with a large number of branches. Berries of such a medium-sized plant, up to 0.7 grams , with a delicate, sweet-sour taste .The fruits ripen in the early stages. Also, the variety has a good and stable yield and relative self-fertility. Best shrub adapts to the conditions of the central region. This currant is not afraid of the winter cold and has good immunity to powdery mildew and anthracnose.
A variety of early ripening. Medium shrub with not thick, neat crown. Berries are fairly large in size, can reach 0.9 grams .Color of skin dark red, flesh of pleasant taste, sour. Prized for high resistance to frost and drought.
This variety is very often used for commercial purposes. Latvia is considered the birthplace of elimination, therefore in Russia it is customary to grow it in the European part. Small shrubs annually produce a bountiful harvest of the average weight of berries( 0.8 grams) .The color of currant is bright red, it also has good transportability and long shelf life. Resistant to frost, drought and anthracnose.
In Russia, this variety has been grown since 1947.The shrub is high, the crown is compact and neat, it has good self-fertility and does not need pollinators. On average, one berry weighs 0.7 grams , the taste is pleasant, but it is best suited for different types of processing .Resistance to frost, diseases and insects is average. But at the same time, the variety tolerates a lack of precipitation and dry weather.
Most large-fruited varieties
Usually, red currants are used to make compotes, juices, jams and other processed foods. But large-fruited varieties are suitable for fresh consumption, because they have excellent taste qualities:
A medium-sized shrub that produces a bountiful and annual crop. The fruits ripen in mid-summer and have a very large mass, which can reach 1.6 grams .The skin of the berries is dark red, almost burgundy in color, taste is top notch. In addition, the variety perfectly tolerates winter frosts, is not exposed to most diseases and pests.
A medium-height shrub with strong, spreading branches. A variety of late ripening, fruits of rich maroon color, weighing up to 1 gram .Hazor is not afraid of mild cold, not subject to various diseases and attacks of pests.
This variety appeared on the garden market relatively recently, but has already managed to gain the attention of many summer residents. Medium-sized bush brings a stable and high yield. Berries of a light red tint and with a sweet taste can reach 1.5 grams of in weight to .Also the variety is self-fertile, not afraid of extreme cold and not prone to powdery mildew.
The variety of medium ripening is a low, compact shrub that produces a good harvest every year. Saturated red berries, on average, weigh on 1.5 grams .The variety has a high frost resistance and is not exposed to drought. The only disadvantage is susceptibility to anthracnose.
Gardeners living in areas with a harsh climate also grow red currants on their plots. And to get a good harvest and maintain the viability of the shrub it is necessary to choose the grade , which will have high winter hardiness:
One of the most frost-resistant varieties, a low shrub with a powerful, branched crown gives annual and abundant crops. Large-sized berries ( 1.7 grams) have a pleasant sweet taste and aroma .Ural beauty does not need additional pollination, is not subject to the appearance of diseases and pests.
Fires of the Urals
This variety was bred relatively recently, in 2000.A tall shrub with powerful, dense branches tolerates frosts and is partially self-fertile. Berries of medium size ( 0.5 - 0.7 grams) , the skin is bright red, the pulp is sweet, with a slight sourness .In addition to all the other advantages of this shrub is immune to many fungal diseases.
Medium shrub has a rectangular, even crown. Fruits ripen in medium terms, and are red berries weighing up to 1 gram .The taste of pulp is sweet and sour, this currant is well suited for processing and for fresh consumption. The variety is fruitful, self-fertile, not affected by many diseases and is highly winter-resistant.
The best grades of red currant for the suburbs of
For the suburbs may be the same varieties as for the central region .Red currant Ronde and Natalie are the most popular, these varieties have the largest and most delicious berries.
The variety was bred by Dutch breeders. Shrub high, branched with powerful shoots, ripening occurs in late terms .Productivity is not very high, but stable. The berries are different from other varieties of high content of vitamin C, they also do not crumble after full maturity. Currant dark, red color weighing up to 0.9 grams suitable for fresh use and for processing. Ronde is perfect for growing in the central region of the country.
The variety is suitable for cultivation in the southern and central regions of Russia. It is an low, neat shrub, bringing large ( up to 1 gram) fruits of burgundy color and average maturity of .Taste pulp sweet and sour. The variety has a relatively high winter hardiness and good resistance to diseases and pests.
One of the oldest varieties grown in Europe. Shrub high, with a rectangular crown. Fruits ripen in early August, have medium size and a pleasant sour taste .Such berries are most often used for various types of processing. Dutch red, like pink, tolerates drought well, but the amount of the crop increases with abundant watering. It is resistant to disease.
A tall shrub with powerful, straight-growing branches, it is fast and active. Berries ripen at the end of July, have a large size and a pleasant sour taste .Fruits of universal purpose, ripen on long racemes, up to 12 centimeters long. The variety is characterized by strong growth, light-loving and poor tolerance of excessive moisture.
Red currant can be found on almost any garden plot, and this berry is not in vain so popular. There is a huge number of varieties, so everyone can choose the most suitable instance for themselves.