Currant golden - decorative fruit shrubs, beautiful, productive and unpretentious .And although it is less popular than the red or black currant, you cannot call it exotic.
- Description golden currant
- landing Features and care
- Application golden currant
- use as a fruit and berry crops
- use in landscape design
Description golden currant
Golden currantbelongs to the Kryzhovnikov family. This is a beautiful deciduous shrub up to 3 meters high .Her homeland - the south-western regions of North America, from where she came to Europe and Central Asia. In Russia, it is cultivated up to the Far East.
Currant golden has a very attractive appearance. It is a low branchy shrub with a rounded crown, fast or medium-growth shoots. Young shoots are painted red.
Blossoms as small flowers, yellow or golden yellow
Edible berries, large, up to 8 mm in diameter , do not have the aroma of black currant, sweet-sour to the taste. The color of the berries is usually black or brown-purple, there are varieties with yellow-orange berries.
By the end of August, beautiful glossy lobed leaves turn orange-green from green, in September they turn purple-carmine and remain decorative until winter.
The most common are only a few varieties of golden currant, which also have several varieties. They differ in yield, color, size. The most popular varieties: Shafrak, Yermak, Lyaysan, Venus, Isabella, Muscat, Michurinskaya, Silver, Dwarf.
Acquire the plant not with the hands, but in the garden centers or nurseries .Let's take a quick look at some of the most popular varieties of golden currant.
Shrub medium. Maturation term is medium. Berries are drop-shaped, dark red, sweet-sour, weighing 1.5-3.6 g. Yielding. Resistant to diseases and pests. Frost-resistant
Shrub tall, dense. Maturation term is medium. The berries are round, almost black, sweet and sour, fragrant, weighing 1.0-1.5 g. Yield. Resistant to diseases and pests. Frost-resistant
Shrub high. Maturation term is medium. The berries are large, round, yellow, sweet-sour, weighing 1.0-2.6 g. Yielding. Resistant to diseases and pests. Frost resistance is average, heat resistant. Looks good on the trunk.
High Bush. The ripening period is early. Berries are oval, black, sweet-sour, dessert, weighing 1.5-3.2 g. Resistant to diseases and pests. It is frost-resistant, heat-resistant.
Bush high. Maturation term is medium. The berries are round, slightly flattened, black, sweet and sour, weighing 1.5-3.0 g. Yieldy. Resistant to diseases and pests. Frost-resistant
Shrub vigorous, compressed. The ripening period is medium. The berries are large, round, slightly flattened, black, sweet, with a nutmeg aroma, weighing an average of 1.3 g. Very fruitful. Resistance to diseases and pests - high. Frost-resistant
Features of planting and care
It is possible to care for golden currants, as well as for black currants. Golden currant less demanding on irrigation and soil fertility .She can grow almost everywhere, she does not like only the wetted heavy clay soils. As already mentioned, to water the plant is not demanding, you can water it only when the weather is dry for a long time.
. It is necessary to approach responsible planting of golden currant for a permanent place - after all, in one place it will grow to 20 years. grows well in the sun and in partial shade .
To plant the golden currant, they dig 50x50x50 holes, fill them with soil mixture from the top layer of the soil, buckets of well-rotted humus or compost, add half a cup of superphosphate and a glass of wood ash. When planting, the root neck is buried by 5-7 cm and watered with .If the plant is a container plant and the branches are in good condition, then there is no need to prune them. If you bought a plant with an open root system, first soak the roots in water for no more than 2 hours( if the root system is in water for more than 2 hours, potassium will be washed out of the roots, and next year you will not have a good harvest and abundant floweringwait).After planting, cut the bush, leaving about 7 cm above the soil surface.
If you plant a rooted cutting, should be planted in the ground at an angle of 45 degrees .
Further plant care consists of weeding, loosening, pruning, periodic watering and dressing .For the winter, cover the currants with a thick layer of peat or dry mullein mulch.
Golden currant is little damaged by diseases and pests.
Golden currant branches less than black, so cutting it and forming a bush is much easier.
If you are growing a currant in an ornamental crop, you must cut it according to its use, either forming a beautiful bush for landscape groups and tapeworms, or producing a continuous haircut of the required height and shape for hedges.
For the golden currant, which we keep to get berries, there are different pruning rules.
The formation of a bush comes from the root shoots growing annually at the base of the bush. Immediately after planting, it is necessary to cut out all the weak shoots remaining to be cut, leaving 3-4 strong buds.
In the second year of , we cut out at the root all weak, thickening annual bush shoots, leaving 4-5 of the strongest and most successfully located, shortening them by 1/3.Re-pinch the young shoots in May, during the active growing season - this is done to increase the branching and speed up the fruiting.
In the future we continue to form a bush and produce sanitary pruning - remove all weak, dried, damaged branches and shoots. Skeletal branches older than 6-7 years cut to the ground level. An adult bush should have an annual replacement of a part of old branches with young shoots.
At the age of 12 years, can be used for anti-aging pruning.
Golden currant can be formed on a trunk. The yield of the standard currant will be less than , it will require more care, but it will look quite decorative.
Application of golden currant
Currant golden is used as a berry and as a decorative culture.
fruit and berry culture. has golden currant just starting to be used for picking berries and is not yet a competitor for black currants.
But more and more gardeners and farms are paying attention to its unpretentiousness, yield, frost and heat tolerance. Moreover, in arid areas, its undemanding to irrigation is a significant plus.
And although vitamin C in golden currant is relatively low, this is compensated for by its low acidity - its can be used by people with an ulcer of the stomach and duodenum .Moreover, it contains even more carotene than apricots and sweet pepper.
It produces delicious jam, compotes, wine, and can be frozen.
Use in landscape design
Landscape designers highly appreciated the decorative properties of the golden currant - in the spring it blooms beautifully, in the summer there are eye-catching berries, and in the fall it strikes with its brightness and decorative foliage.
Golden Currant is often used for both hedge and free-growing hedgerow. It looks good in landscape groups and as a tapeworm( a single focal plant).Recently, it has become increasingly grown in standard forms.
Due to its undemanding, heat and drought resistance, it covers the unsightly corners of homesteads and gardens.
As you can see, golden currant is a universal plant. It is both beautiful and abundantly fruiting with tasty healthy fruits, besides, it is unpretentious and resistant to the negative effects of .All this makes her a welcome guest in the garden.