Features of planting and caring for white currants
Nature has generously endowed currants, decorating not only black and red berries, but also white ones, rewarding each variety with characteristic qualities. White currant bushes enrich the gardens, and the fruits are considered to be healing berries.
Table of Contents- Europe and Russia, where shrubs with red berries met around the tenth century. White currant appeared some time later, as a result of “domestication” of red berry culture.
The plant belongs to the Gooseberry family. It is a perennial shrub with a height of one and a half meters. But in a climate that is ideal for a plant, a bush can reach two meters.
Decorate the bush 3-5 lobes dense leaves, the edges of which are jagged. Small, inconspicuous flowers, yellow-green, collected in a brush, bloom in May.
Juicy, tasty fruits have a yellow, cream or light pink color, spherical shape, with a diameter of 6-10 mm. The ripening period falls on July, August.
The plant has a number of advantages:
, with the observance of agrotechnics, gives a plant with annual abundant crops and is well suited for reproduction;
berries are on the bushes for a long time and do not crumble until late autumn;
not susceptibility to currant mite, which is the main enemy of the shrub;
actively fructifies both in arid and rainy weather conditions, due to a strong and highly developed root system;
frost resistance, therefore, will delight delicious fruits regardless of the weather;
is an unpretentious berry, therefore, requires minimal maintenance;
is a universal destination fruit with a high taste rating and good transportability.
In addition to the weighty merits of the culture, there are also minor flaws, namely:
, when the shrub is formed incorrectly, comes to fruition late;
grows poorly in shaded areas, grows poorly, and is damaged more by diseases and pests.
Benefits and harm to health
In addition to the delicate and unique taste, white currants are considered a source of beneficial substances, a storehouse of vitamins and minerals.
Healing composition makes the berry one of the most useful products and can be used not only as a preventive measure, but also in the treatment of many diseases.
Possessing a number of useful properties, it has a positive effect on almost the entire human body since:
ensures the full functioning of the heart and blood vessels system;
normalizes redox processes, increases immunity and protects the body from viral diseases;
stimulates the separation of bile, helps strengthen the liver cells;
absorbs and removes heavy metal salts from the body;
helps get rid of excess cholesterol;
is a good antipyretic agent;
prevents memory loss and the development of sclerosis in the elderly;
rejuvenates the body and slows down the aging process;
promotes mental and physical activity of the body.
But no matter how useful the berry is, there is a category of people who should refrain from using it in order not to harm their body. This group includes patients suffering from gastritis, with increased acidity and a tendency to ulcers.
Since the composition of the berries is rich in organic acids, which can provoke exacerbations of these diseases. Also, you should not be carried away by the fruits of thrombophlebitis, because of the high content of vitamin K can increase blood clotting.
The healing berry is a supplier of nutrients to the body, which has a positive effect on human health. The main thing to remember about contraindications, which will remove the maximum benefit from the product while not harming health.
Use currant berries, and then you will not need any publicized drugs to strengthen the immune system.
Planting and growing rules in the fall and spring
The plant is best planted in the fall. Start the event in the second half of September and until the end of October. The main thing is not to miss the deadlines so that young saplings have time to get rooted in the soil and adapt to external conditions. You can also plant in the spring, but you need to land as soon as possible, as soon as the ground allows, and until the buds have blossomed at the seedling.
Determination of landing siteBest of all, the culture will bear fruit on a sunny, windless stretch. Given this, you should plant seedlings on the south or south-west side. Planting should be carried out on clay, loamy and sandy soils. In addition, the level of groundwater distribution should be taken into account. And if their depth exceeds the allowable rate, then it is imperative to plant on the bulk mounds. Excessive moisture can cause lichens and the death of the plant.