Care of saint in summer, I need to apply for a year. Special care Saintpaulia at home does not require. However, to provide content for better flowering is needed. Among the wide variety of varieties, it is easy to find the most suitable. There are even mini plants that are placed in the depths of the room on shelves with artificial lighting. Uzambarsky violets or Saintpaulias have long used house violets under the general definition of house floriculture. These include ampelous senpolias.
Care for home violets
Proper care of the senpolia is to choose a place. Put pots with room violet should be where there is a long light. Direct sunlight should not touch the plant. To place the plants on the window, it is necessary so that the lamina is not in contact with the glass.
Among the saintpaulias, the most interesting are chimeras. They are unique in shape and color. Chimeras reproduce unconventionally. Plants are distinguished by the color of the leaves, like boys and girls. The first chimeras appeared as partial mutants. Each plant contains normal and altered cells in layers.
Care and cultivation of Saintpaulia depends on the correct soil composition. Flower mixture is purchased in the store. You can prepare the substrate yourself.
- turf - 3 parts;
- leaf ground - 2 parts;
- coniferous and peat land of 1 part.
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Add pieces of charcoal and clean sand to the ground. Expanded clay and polystyrene are used for drainage as neutral materials. Overflow and lack of moisture are equally poorly tolerated by violet. Therefore, violet, like no other flower, needs a uniform, metered flow of water.
Fitting irrigation for senpaillus will be analyzed step by step
Only fit a plant with a good root system, healthy, is translated into wicked irrigation. Required:
- pot diameter of 2 cm more than that in which the plant is located.
- tank under water with a solution of fertilizers of low concentration;
- synthetic wick, but with good hygroscopicity;
- pot with holes and drainage layer;
- breathable lightweight soil.
To create a capillary irrigation system, use the proposed concept:
- Take a 20 cm length of cord with a diameter of 1-5 mm, pass it through the drainage layer and lay a ring on top of a thin layer of poured substrate.
- Remove Saintpaulia from the old pot with a clod of earth and set it in a new container, pouring the mixture of perlite with sand around.
- Condense the soil around the plant by gently pipetting it.
Fitting irrigation start only after the plant has taken root. The first time you need to moisten the wick, then water flows through the capillaries of the cord.
You can adjust the amount of water by measuring the flow per day. If a clod of earth is too wet, the wick is required to take a thinner one. In order not to transplant the plant, you can remove one of the woven strips. The picture shows a nest for a transplanted plant. It is formed by a glass from the plant.
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Wick regulated watering is very convenient. From one container can be watered several instances. The leaves are not wetted at the same time, the calculated amount of fertilizer for the saintpaulia at home care goes to the roots.
Plant nutrition and their transfer
Saintpaulia can not be fed with fresh organic fertilizers. Once every 2 weeks complex minerals are used to feed the flowers.3-4 grams are sprinkled into one liter and watered with an earthen clod with this solution. Excessive fertilizer stops violet bloom. They love violets, if they create a mist of fine spray on the leaves and flowers. But large drops are harmful to the leaves. Fluffy leaves collect dust and once a month Saintpaulia should be bathed under a warm shower. After drying the sheets of the plant set in its place.
Many flower lovers allocate a place for violets in the depth of the apartment on special shelves with lighting. Collect plants for varieties, color, size. The best copies are taken to the annual exhibition Saintpaulia.
The soil is compacted and depleted in 2 years and fertilizer does not give the desired effect. Then a transplant is needed. A new pot should only be 2 cm longer. The plant does not bloom until it fills the void with roots. Handling will be a gentle way, it is described above. On the plant, it is necessary to remove flower stalks in order not to load the root system.
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During transplantation, a revision of the roots is made, and the stepchildren are separated on the Saintpauli sockets for vegetative reproduction. Favorable time for surgery is spring.
Reproduction of the senpolia with the petioles
For reproduction with the petiole, a healthy mature leaf is suitable, which is cut with a scalpel with a petiole obliquely. The cut is dried in air. The scape should be no longer than 4 cm. For rooting, boiled water, wet sphagnum moss, vermiculite with sand or perlite is suitable. In any case, when rooting the sheet should be surrounded by a humid atmosphere, diffused light and heat. The best rooting time is from May to August.
Gives the roots of about 2 cm of the cuttings planted in light soil and construct a greenhouse with daily ventilation. In a month, each cutting will have several outlets. They are grown up to 3 cm and seated in separate cups in a permanent ground. Care for young saintpaulia at home lead carefully. Already very small amount of land, and drying can not be allowed.
There are cases when instead of children the sheet itself begins to grow, then it is cut to one third and the process continues. Sometimes in a glass with a petiole the water becomes cloudy. It is necessary to wash the petiole and change the water. Cut off the rotted tip, put the stem on the germination again.
Care for the Saintpaulias in the winter - video