The Belarusskaya cabbage variety has a long history and is gaining more and more lovers. For more than seventy years, gardeners and large agrarian enterprises have relied specifically on this variety. According to the description of the variety has a large number of advantages.
Table of ContentsIn 1937, the breeding institute brought a variety of white cabbage, which is resistant to frosts and many diseases. He quickly entered the list of varieties recognized by agriculture.
“Belarusian” is distinguished by the fact that the ripening period is quite suitable for cold regions of .During the set of mass, the strength of the head, low temperatures have a beneficial effect on quality.
According to the description, this is a late variety with an aging term from 110 to 130 days .Planting of this variety can begin even in June, since it is preferable to organize the harvest in late September - early October.
The cabbages are round, slightly flattened, strong and dense. In full maturity reach
Advantages and disadvantages of
Among the advantages are the main features that make gardeners choose this variety:
- Excellent keeping quality over 3 months;
- High taste in any form;
- The density of the head and a small stalk;
- High in vitamin C;
- Excellent quality when fermented;
With the right care in the first three weeks of , yields and disease resistance increase significantly.
There are drawbacks that significantly reduce the desire of newbies to use this variety annually:
- In contrast to hybrids, it is prone to keel;
- Prone to vascular bacteriosis;
- Attracts pests, though, it is an indicator of the quality of the cabbage;
- is picky in the first month in watering, and when transplanting.
There is no need to rush to plant seeds before the due time. The optimal time is mid-May if you plan to use it for pickling or storage.
If this variety is used for harvesting, a part can be sown at the beginning of May, and in September boldly use the crop for conservation.
Seeds for seedlings do not require special preparation and soaking .The main thing - to prevent the drying of the soil. The seeds sprout on 4–7 days together enough, and quickly reach for the light, so make sure that the seedlings are on a lighted window, or in a greenhouse.
For sowing, select turfy soil, do not add black soil. The presence of loam in the soil is useful for seedlings.
After planting the seeds, spill the soil with warm water, cover with foil, and leave it until the first germination.
Seedlings, for full development should be more in the sun, the soil should not dry out .If there is an opportunity for this, take it out on warm days or into a greenhouse. At night, be sure to bring into the house, as the temperature is optimal for healthy growth - from 18 degrees above zero, and in May quite cold nights.
It is necessary to plant seedlings in the soil after one month of age, and ideally at the age of one and a half months at the age of .The stalk should be short and dense, thicker than a pencil.
Choose loamy soil, and a place on a site that is lit by the sun in the morning. This is important for cabbage. She will perfectly survive the absence of the day and evening sun, but without the morning sun she will be ill.
Despite the fact that it is a moisture-loving plant, do not break the beds in the valley, and moreover, the beds should be made higher - groundwater is detrimental to the roots.
Soil for growing
Form a bed from north to south, and then the shoots will get enough sunlight. If possible, sow mustard in early spring and dig the soil before planting with mustard seedlings.
Put a handful of black earth( last year's manure), a tablespoon of wood ash into each well. Do not overdo it with fertilizers, cabbage did not like excessively oily soil, so it will not curl for a long time.
Planting seedlings in the ground
At the age of 35 - 50 days , seedlings must be planted in the ground. To do this, choose a cool day, and best of all rainy days, during which the seedlings will easily survive the transplant and get sick.
Make wells with a distance of 50 to 50 cm .spill each well with two liters of water, put the humus and ash.
Put one root in each well, put the ground on top of the root and press lightly. Do not fill a lot of ground, the first leaves that remain on the stem, should remain on top of the ground.
Pour again a little water. If the weather is sunny, you need to priten seedlings for the first 3 to 4 days. After the cabbage leaves stand, the barriers and shelters need to be removed.
Care after planting
is necessary. After planting, watering is necessary for every day .In the evening, after the sun is closer to sunset, it is necessary to pour more than a liter of water under each root.
During the first week there is no need to loosen the root zone, and a week later, before watering, you need to loosen.
Two weeks after planting, stop daily watering. It is necessary to let the sprouts dry completely and let them stand completely dry for a couple of days.
Need to monitor the occurrence of midges and caterpillars .At the first appearance of the midges it is necessary to sprinkle the cabbage with soapy water and sprinkle with wood ash on top.
Dissolve the soap in a bucket of warm water to make the water white and soapy. Spray this solution on the leaves, especially the middle - the connection of leaves with a cutting, and the earth around.
When the tracks appear, it is necessary to use special means for processing. Processing to produce in calm weather, preferably in the evening, after the sun is closer to sunset.
Diseases and their prevention
This variety is more prone to keel disease than hybrid varieties. Therefore, it is worth making a spring planting on a new land, not planting seedlings where the cabbage was last year. If you find a root with a keel, do not throw it in the compost, but burn it, or take it out with garbage.
With vascular bacteriosis, yield and taste are greatly reduced. Another name for the disease is Black Rot. It manifests itself primarily in the darkening veins.
Wet rot appears after vascular bacteriosis, heading, even cut, and laid on storage quickly rot.
For the prevention of bacteriosis, it is necessary to observe crop rotation, remove weeds in time, monitor the appearance of pests that spread the disease. Damaged plants must be removed from the bed and destroyed.
Harvesting and storage of
In late September - early October, , a variety of fully matured.
. When harvesting, you should not leave long stalks on the heads of the crop. 3 cm is enough. , if the cabbages are kept whole. To do this, select whole, even heads of up to 3 kg. , hang in a storage room for a stalk, and make sure that they do not sprout or get wet.
Variety has both connoisseurs, who annually choose it for the main, and opponents. Having considered all the pros and cons, you will definitely make the right decision for your garden. If we consider that there are quite a few non-hybrid varieties left, and they become weaker, the variety behaves well even in harsh conditions, and gives an excellent harvest.