Content of the article:
The representative of the distant tropics of the Malay Archipelago and East India, from the Aroid family, is aglaonema. Her beautiful decorative leaves and simplicity appreciated by lovers of floriculture. The genus includes 23 species, they can grow in the swamp and in the foothills. The plant was loved by its extraordinary shade tolerance, motley and colorful leaves.
History and Characteristics of the Plant
A semishrub has upright stems that embrace leaves with petioles up to 45 cm long and 20 wide. The lamina elliptical, dense, with different shades and patterns of leaves. In nature, the plant is located in the shade of tall trees, in diffused light, moist tropical air. The first brought specimens got accustomed with difficulty, but breeders brought out many hybrids with a special decorative effect, adapted for breeding at home.
Aglaonems came to Europe in 1885.The English name of the plant Chinesse evergreen translated means Chinese green, as it was delivered from there. It received its name from the Greek as a bright thread. In culture, there are only hybrid forms.
After the case when one lover in the garden of dew paths on the leaves got the numbers, and the owner put them in a lottery ticket and won a large amount, it is considered aglaonema brings good luck.
Aglonema at home is divorced relatively recently. Only in the middle of the last century, the Silver queen hybrid in America was launched. Later, the Emerald Beauty or Maria variety found in the Philippines allowed for the selection of its relative resistance to low temperatures and small leaves. In 1974, the Abidjan variety was found on the Ivory Coast. All these varieties made it possible to get a lot of aglaonema hybrids, care at home is not difficult. The most widely used varieties are Silver Bay, Siam Aurora, Pride of Sumatra, obtained at the very end of the last century.
In recent years, many new plant forms have been obtained. Most of them are registered in the catalog, but there are unstable, with loose signs. This mainly applies to Asiatic hybrids, which, when propagated, may lose their decorative effect.
Aglaonema home care
Indoor flower is characterized by amateurs as an unpretentious plant, which is caused by:
- shade tolerance:
- comfortable for humans environment in humidity and ambient temperature;
- rare transfers;
- small number of pests.
Aglaonema is dangerous for children and animals. It produces poisonous berries, and the juice of the plant is caustic, causing swelling of the mucous. Very dangerous juice in contact with eyes. But this plant fights streptococci, absorbs phenol and benzene impurities from the air, releasing aero ions into the atmosphere.
The flower grows slowly, adding 5-6 leaves per year. In the third year, the stems are drawn out and decorativeness decreases. Therefore, you should apply anti-aging trimming bush, forming it.
Home care for aglaonema is:
- correctly place the plant to the apartment;
- comply with the mode of watering and fertilizing;
- in time to carry out hygienic procedures;
- to replant and shape a bush in time;
- exclude drafts and tobacco smoke.
Ornamental plant is so shade-tolerant that it grows in the shady corners of the apartment. She lives in nature in the lower tier of the rainforest and is used to the shadow. In the light of the leaves turn pale and thin. Grade with red leaves withstand great illumination, but direct rays and they can not stand.
Temperature regime in the summer of 21-27.In winter, at least 15, but at the same time, the lower the temperature of the content, the poorer the winter watering is to avoid rotting of the roots.
plant waterballer. The soil should always be moist, a layer of expanded clay in the pot is not required. The plant absorbs a lot of moisture. But if an excess happens, aglaonema will start to cry, and then the watering should be temporarily stopped. More from the overflow may wilt foliage. The plant is rearranged to a warm place, the earth is dried.
Watering during the growing season should be combined with dressings that make liquid fertilizers for indoor ornamental plants. In winter, watering is reduced to once a week and does not add nutrition.
Planting is conducted in a pot with nutrient and loose soil for the bulbous. Independently prepare the soil in the following proportions:
- leaf humus;
- turf ground;
- sand coarse;
All parts are taken in equal volumes. For adult plants during transplantation, the amount of leaf humus and peat can be increased. The composition for transplantation should be acidic, which provides peat and leaf humus.
Transplant in the care of aglaonema in the photo is also a way of reproduction. Often examining the roots, divide the bushes and spend novosadki. They divide the plants in late spring. A prerequisite for survival is a temperature of at least 21.Rooting can be conducted by the tops of the stems. To do this, they pinch, dried day, rooted in wet sand at a temperature of 20-25.Can be propagated by seed, but hybrid varieties do not produce viable seeds.
A pot for a plant is chosen wide, with each transplant they take large dishes. A signal to transplant is the state of the plant. If new leaves grow in the middle, and they dry at the edges, water stagnates after watering, it is time to change the soil and dishes.
Home care for aglaonema involves a weekly leaf shower, wiping the leaves and spraying the plant to humidify the air. All water procedures should be carried out with soft warm water. Reception helps to moisten the air around the flower. In order for the plant to be always decorative, you should help him. How to make aglaonema more bushy?
For this, from the very beginning of the development of the bush, the upper growth buds are pinned to arrange for the appearance of additional leaves. Signs of trouble are:
- gray spots on the leaves - the plant is cold;
- leaves curl, blacken, covered with an oily coating - all from the cold;
- leaves pale - strong lighting;
- dry spots on leaflets indicate sunburn;
- dry leaf tips - dry air;
- leaves turn yellow - not enough power, the moisture regime is disturbed, the plant is old, drafts or tobacco smoke.
When overwetting and cold, the appearance of rot is possible, from the pests one should pay attention to the presence of a worm, aphids and insects. Pests and infectious diseases, the plant is almost not affected.