- Types of flooring in wood
- Oak wood - strength and luxury
- Ash - direct competitor of oak
- Siberian larch - durability and moisture resistance
- Softwood: pine, spruce and fir
- Alder - durability and usefulness
- Aspen - excellent moisture resistance
- Maple - strength and elasticity
- Cedar - expensive and reliable
- Exotic tree species
The wooden floor is a classic that will be appropriate in any style of interior, in a city apartment and a country house. Wood has unique properties of thermal insulation and sound absorption, has a pleasant warm surface and excellent appearance. The performance characteristics of different types of wood can differ, as well as color. If some rocks easily survive jumps and falls, then others can be damaged from simple shoes with heels. Nevertheless, both are used, only in different rooms and in the form of different types of flooring. We are sorting out which wooden floor is better and what kind of wood it is better to choose in this or that case.
Types of flooring in wood
This section could be missed if many did not confuse parquet with a parquet board, and a parquet board - with a massive one. In fact, only two types of floor coverings are made from solid wood:
- massive board;
Both these products are made from solid wood, the treatment is used only to give the necessary operational or aesthetic qualities. It is a natural, durable material.
The difference between a massive board and parquetis in size: the parquet is much smaller. The average size of parquet slats is 50 * 600 mm, thickness 15-16 mm, and a massive board in length can be from 60 cm and up to 6 m, width - from 7 to 20 cm, thickness varies widely.
Parquet boardcan not be attributed to the coverings of the array, since it consists of three layers, and only the upper one is made of whole expensive wood, the rest is cheaper softwood. Parquet board - a more affordable cover, the durability of which is lower than that of a massive boards, which is explained by a smaller number of possible polishing, because a layer of valuable wood here at times Thinner.
Selection of wood speciesmore depends on the location in which the coating will be used, in what conditions it will be located, and what loads will be affected. As for the rock and the type of coating, with a few exceptions most of the wood species are used for both parquet and solid wood. For a parquet board, ash, beech, pine, birch and oak are most often used.
Oak wood - strength and luxury
Oak - the best option for the manufacture of any type of flooring. This is the standard that serves to evaluate other types of wood. For strength and hardness, oak is often compared with concrete. Color palette of wood is wide, there areabout 200 shades: from light yellow to dark brown with interspersed green and gray. Over time, the oak has a slightly darker color, which makes it look even more luxurious. On the wood, annual rings are clearly visible.
Massive board and oak parquet can be produced with or without varnish. Everything depends on personal preferences and style of the interior: a board without varnish - an option for the Scandinavian and eco-style, with varnish - for the style of rococo, classic, modern.
- high hardness, strength and durability, resistance to abrasion, therefore oak floors use not only in living quarters, but also in restaurants, clubs, offices and other premises with high load;
- high resistance to fire and moisture, oak is not prone to rotting and spreading of the fungus. Due to these properties, it has found application in premises with high humidity (kitchens, baths and even baths with saunas);
- high sound insulation properties;
- excellent aesthetic qualities, beautiful natural pattern.
Lack ofonly one - high cost, but the investment pays off, because oak parquet or board can last for decades.
Scope of use: residential and public premises, hallways, baths, kitchens, saunas and baths.
Comparison of the strength of wood species
Ash - direct competitor of oak
From ash are also made and parquet, and a massive board, it is used to make a parquet board - it is equally good in all areas of use.On strength, he even bypasses the oak, and the fact that it is from the ash make baseball bats and pens of sports equipment, speaks for itself. Wood has a light tint, so it is often used in cases where it is necessary to visually expand the room and bring warmth into it.
- high strength, wear resistance and elasticity. Ash is used for finishing sports halls, not to mention residential and commercial premises;
- excellent appearance;
- good thermal insulation qualities.
Ofminuseshigh price and low resistance to low temperatures and temperature changes, but for an apartment this will not be a problem.
Scope of use:residential and commercial premises, hallway, kitchen, gyms.
Siberian larch - durability and moisture resistance
Among all coniferous species, larch is the most durable and durable. The unique performance of wood is explainedthe most complex conditions of growth. Under constant exposure to moisture, larch does not rot, but becomes denser. On strength, it is only slightly inferior to the oak, and for durability - it catches up with it. In many European monuments of architecture with centuries-old history, the floors from larch are still preserved. Moreover, the piles on which Venice was built are made of this breed.
- age-old durability;
- moisture resistance, resistance to mold and fungus due to unique antiseptic properties. Larch wood is used for arranging quays, terraces, baths, baths;
- hardness and wear resistance allow using larch in restaurants, shops and gyms;
- has more than 10 different shades, perfectly preserves color and texture, does not darken.
It is worth the larch is more expensive than the pine, but the performance is in no way comparable. If we take into account the service life and resistance to virtually all negative factors, then larch can be called a very profitable investment. It is important only to choose the rightly processed wood, otherwise a significant part of the natural qualities will be lost. You can trust Lesineter's products on the page http://lesinter.ru. The manufacturer specializes in the production of sawn timber from Siberian larch, has its own resource base, has at its disposal the most advanced equipment and delivers products not only throughout Russia, but also in the US, Japan and Western Europe. In the company's assortment there is a parquet and a massive board made of larch, as well as a terrace board, a plank, lining, block house and other products. All products meet European quality standards.
Scope of uselarch wood: residential and public premises, kitchens, baths, baths, as well as houses where the owners are not all year round.
Softwood: pine, spruce and fir
The wood of pine, spruce and fir has gained popularity due to its cheapness. If the funds permit, it is better to stop at other breeds. Use coniferous wood in those rooms where it is not customary to walk in shoes. It produces a massive board and parquet (it is important that the elements have a connection like a spike-groove), and it is also used to produce different layers of a parquet board.
The properties of coniferous wood are far from ideal, therefore the scope of their use is very limited:
- PineIt is characterized by the presence of a large amount of resin, which protects the wood from decay, has an excellent appearance, has a high vapor permeability and releases into the air phytoncides, and this is a natural antiseptic. The main disadvantage is the low hardness, so even the legs of more or less heavy furniture can leave traces. Use is allowed in the bedrooms and living rooms;
- spruceeven less strong than pine, so it is extremely rare to produce floor coverings;
- firdiffers cheapness, has a pleasant appearance, health-improving properties, does not emit pitch and does not "cry" at high temperatures, but is afraid of moisture and has low strength. As a floor material, we do not recommend using fir.
Alder - durability and usefulness
For strength and durability, alder is not much inferior to oak, it has healing properties.
- resistance to deformation;
- The tannins contained in wood positively influence the microclimate of the room;
- sufficient resistance to moisture.
Scope of use: bedrooms, living rooms, children's, bathrooms.
Aspen - excellent moisture resistance
Aspen wood is used infrequently and it is connected, first of all, with superstitions. But if you include common sense, you can find a lot ofpositive qualities.This is the ability to release useful substances into the air, and resistance to moisture, so often massive boards of aspenuseeven for the arrangement of individual sections in the bath.
Maple - strength and elasticity
Maple wood is considered to be one of the brightest, and under the rays of the sun it acquires a pleasant golden hue. Among the mainadvantagesunique pattern, hardness, flexural strength, elasticity, but using a maple board in rooms with differences in humidity level is not recommended, therefore such a floor coveringapplyOnly in the bedrooms and living rooms, and then not very often.
Cedar - expensive and reliable
A huge part of the cedar wood is exported, so it's not so easy to get it from us, and it's expensive. Cedar is valued for numerousadvantages:
- resistance to high temperatures and humidity, which is achieved due to the special fibrous structure of wood;
- high content of medicinal essential oils in wood;
- high strength and durability.
Scope of application: living quarters, kitchens, baths, saunas, bathrooms.
Exotic tree species
The wood of exotic trees, as a rule, has outstanding operational qualities and a unique pattern and color, but also costs a lot. If the funds allow and want to decorate the interior unusually, then you can choose one of their many exotic breeds:
- merbau- the most popular breed among us of all exotic, reminds an oak on durability and stability to the raised humidity. A distinctive feature is the appearance. Wood has an intricate pattern and color from golden-orange to almost brown, the shade has a property with time to change;
- zebrano- a tree with very strong, dense and easily processed wood, which has gained wide popularity due to its color, it is dark brown stripes on a light background, like a zebra. Wood is very expensive, and the high demand for it has placed the species of the tree on the brink of extinction;
- rosewoodby its hardness and density it is 2 times more than oak, it has a color from brown to dark violet;
- tigerhas its name due to its specific color, it has high strength and density, is resistant to moisture, so it was previously used in shipbuilding. It is used mainly for the production of parquet, massive boards of it are rarely made;
- bambooto trees does not apply, but it is used for the production of parquet and parquet boards. The technology of manufacturing consists in heating, straightening of stems and pressing them in special chambers. It turns out a solid board with an interesting drawing that is not so expensive as its exotic counterparts, because bamboo grows fast;
- wengediffers in wood from dark brown to almost black. It is strong, firm, easily withstands mechanical influences, resistant to fungus. If the technology of drying has been violated, the wood will begin to become covered with cracks, therefore it is necessary to be extremely careful when buying.
Exotic breeds also include incredibly strong jatoba, yarra, sucupira, mutenia and kempas, as well as a water-resistant teak and Iroko-resistant temperature drops. From non-exotic, nut, pear, cherry and acacia can be used, but they are not often used for making floor coverings.
When buying a wooden flooring, pay special attention to geometry and features the surface of the tree: the elements should be easily interconnected, do not have cracks, blue and other flaws. A self-respecting manufacturer will pack products into hard cardboard and thermal film. It is worth taking the time to choose and study the market, then to enjoy several decades of beautiful wooden floors.