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InNature has several dozen species of syngonium inhabiting tropical humid areas. Types of singonium for home cultivation are not so numerous. Around the world, 5-6 varieties are cultivated, and an incredible variety of shapes and colors is created by breeding new varieties and hybrids.
Syngonium Nozkolistny( Syngonium podophyllum)
The most popular type of syngonium for growing a house is Knifelee. The plant came to the room collections from the tropical forests of Central and South America, where it grows today as an epiphyte.
In nature, creepers with a thin stem, often forming lateral shoots, are well recognizable by their green arrow-shaped foliage. Leaves with a pronounced central vein kept on elongated dense petioles. As the plant grows and the upper tiers of the forest are developed, the leaves acquire a difficult-divided form and resemble a three- or five-fingered paw.
Although the natural form of the knife-list syngonium is not too decorative, it was she who became the basis for selection work and presented numerous varieties of this indoor plant to the world community of growers.
In addition to bright varieties with leaves of spotted, almost completely white, pink and purple colors, a line of artificially cultivated cultivars Pixie is available for growers. This is a dwarf type of syngonium for growing at home. In the first year of life, the plants form lush rosettes of pointed leaves of various colors, and then the formation of climbing stems begins.
Unfortunately, the dwarfism of syngonium is achieved with the help of growth inhibitors; therefore, over time, such specimens or their offsprings return to themselves the dimensions given by nature.
Among the species of singonium for home cultivation, cultivated in recent years, there are varieties not only with two, but also with tricolor leaves. In this case, more spectacular than their wild ancestors, the plants are just as unpretentious and hardy.
The syngonium is the nibbling in suitable conditions, it reaches a considerable height and gives good gains every year that can be used for further vegetative reproduction of the indoor flower. To get a new copy, a small cutting is enough with the kidney and rudimentary roots hidden to the leaf axil.
For full growth the flower needs support. Already at the age of two, and sometimes even earlier, the plant takes the form of a climbing liana, which, if desired, can be easily formed.
The second most common in indoor collections after the described species was the sygnonium. This is a large climbing liana, with high growth rates, the original form of leaves and fairly thick, durable stems. In favorable conditions, the plant grows annually by 50–80 cm, requires strong support and is easily propagated by cutting.
A specific feature of the culture is the leaves sitting on long, 30 cm cuttings that become 3-5 lobed as they grow. At the base of the leaf plate, small, curved segments remain, resembling the ears of an animal.
Wendland's syngonium( Syngonium wendlandii)
Wendland's or Wendland's syngonium, named after the famous botanist and naturalist, lives in the lower and middle tier of the subtropical forests of Costa Rica. The pointed sheet plates are divided into three parts, and much less central. The main vein of a dense, slightly velvety leaf is tinted with white brushstroke.
Although this plant is not inferior to other types of syngonium for home cultivation for its beauty and unpretentiousness, it is rarely found on window sills.
Syngonium macrophylum( Syngonium macrophyllum)
Among the botanical rarities in indoor collections is the syngonium large-leaved, wild growing in forests from Mexico to Ecuador. Externally, the plants resemble the knife-netted syngonium, but much more powerful, and their young castings have a pointed heart-shaped form.
Under natural conditions, a large liana with the help of aerial roots perfectly masters the middle and upper tier of the rainforest. In the house, this type of syngonium does not reach such a size and shows itself as a picky, decorative leafy culture for spacious shaded rooms.
Syngonium angustatum( Syngonium angustatum)
Unlike other types of syngonium for home cultivation, the leaves of the constricted syngonium can be divided not by 3-5 into much larger number of segments. South American liana perfectly adapts to life in a limited volume of the pot and in room conditions can reach several meters in length.
Interesting about the syngonium
Syngonium is a common houseplant that has earned not only the approval of gardeners, but also specialists in feng shui. They see in the 5-lobed leaves the sign of the unity of the five basic elements.
Water, fire, earth, wood and metal come together to create the perfect balance of Yin-Yang and give your strength and energy to a person.
If, according to these ideas, you put a pot with a syngonium on a bureau or table, the person working behind him feels a surge of inspiration, new ideas will come to him, a freshness of perception and a joyful cheerful mood will appear.
It is interesting that the syngonium is very carefully studied by NASA experts dealing with environmental problems and the search for air purifying plants. The selection of such cultures will help in the future during interplanetary flights, will give astronauts complete autonomy and the ability not to depend on the reserves of the earth's air.
While far distant cosmic wanderings are still far away, flower owners can use all types of syngonium for home cultivation as peculiar green filters. Plants actively collect many volatile organic compounds, such as benzene, formaldehyde, toluene, and xylene. They reduce the concentration of microbes in the air and help maintain optimum humidity.