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Among the indoor plants that have healing properties, is the golden mustache, growing at home this flower will not be difficult. The main thing is to adhere to certain recommendations and you will always have a source of medicines on your windowsill that can be used for a number of ailments. This is due to the chemical composition of this plant.
Its leaves and shoots saturated with flavonoids and phytosterols have useful qualities. It is these biologically active substances used for the preparation of therapeutic agents. Having on hand a tincture or a decoction of fragrant callusia, as it is also called, you can eliminate skin rashes, relieve the condition in rheumatism and a number of other diseases.
If you are planting a plant for the purpose of using medicinal properties, it is recommended to test for the occurrence of allergic reactions. This will avoid unpleasant consequences.
Golden mustache: home care
The successful cultivation of golden whiskers at home depends on many factors. Despite the fact that this flower is already considered quite familiar in our country, its homeland is the tropical jungle, particularly in Mexico. In the wild, adult specimens reach a height of 3 meters. It is a rather slowly developing perennial.
The golden mustache plant is distinguished by different flowering frequency. This process depends on the climatic conditions in which the flower grows. Flowers are formed into single groups and have a white color. The most abundant flowering occurs only in warm climates. Externally, the foliage looks fleshy and dense. At their rupture, thin hairs are seen, which is why this flower has received another name - “hair of the avenue”.
Flowering will be more intense if dead flowers are removed on time. It is also recommended to wipe the leaves of the golden whisker every week with a damp cloth. This will remove the accumulated dust, which has a beneficial effect on the growth rate.
If you carefully examine the flower golden mustache, photos of this plant indicate that its flowers appear most often on the tops of the stems. Its creeping stems twine around tree trunks or grow on the soil surface. The foliage of callus fragrant is alternately arranged. It has a slightly purple tint on the inside. With favorable home conditions, its shoots reach a length of up to 1.5 meters.
Golden mustache: how to care at home
Even inexperienced growers can grow this plant. To do this, create a comfortable environment:
- The optimum temperature is considered to be within + 25−27 ° C.At the same time, it is not recommended to allow the thermometer to lower below 0 ° C.However, in winter the flower will feel better if the temperature is slightly lowered to +12 ° C.
- Maximum allowable humidity - up to 60%.
- Houseplant golden mustache loves frequent airing. In the summer, it can be transferred to fresh air.
- As for the level of illumination, it is recommended that penumbra or shade.
- For foliage to acquire a distinctive magenta shade, sunlight is required. Under such conditions, fragrant callusia will begin to grow on the ground, since it usually grows up in a shady place. Further, in order for the flower to develop at a normal rhythm, it is necessary to tie its stems to any support.
When grown at home, a golden mustache in the first years requires regular transplantation. This is due to the fact that young specimens develop fairly quickly, but later lose this pace. Therefore, an annual pot change is necessary. In the case of adult specimens, it will be sufficient to check the status of the root system from time to time.
What else to consider when caring for home?
Watering a golden whisker should be moderate. Particular attention should be paid to watering in the morning. The soil for the most part should remain wet, but in no case the firebox. At the same time, the principle “it is better to underfill than pour” is relevant. In winter, watering is desirable to make less frequent. However, if a high air temperature is established in the room, the plant will still require more moisture. It is recommended to carry out regular spraying of leaves. If the container with the plant is not heavy, then you can transfer it to the bathroom and sprinkle with water.
For planting it is desirable to use a pot made of ceramics. It should have large drainage holes so that there is no excess moisture in the soil. As a drainage, small pebbles with a fraction of no more than 5–10 mm are used.
Reproduction of golden whiskers is carried out in two ways: by seeds or by division. Unlike other types of indoor plants, rooted shoots should be planted deeply enough. For this, it is advisable to use a small pot. The soil must be mixed with sand. In some cases, it is recommended to use egg shells. Often the shoots of a flower fall so low that natural reproduction occurs. They reach the soil and take root without any intervention.