You bought an electric stove - the dream of every zealous housewife? This is really useful acquisition will help to cook a lot of delicious dishes without the use of an open flame. True illiterate its connection facing burnout wiring, electrocution and short circuits. Agree, there is a risk.
In order to avoid extremely negative situations listed, you need a power socket for electric stoves. Installing the device guarantees trouble-free and safe operation if installation guidelines are met.
We will tell you in detail how to properly select and install the specified type of electrical fittings. By our proposed information enclosed step by step visual instructions and video guide.
The content of the article:
- Types of power points for cookers
- Features of the electrical device
Rules outlet installation for electric stoves
- # 1: Preparing to install a power outlet
- # 2: Selecting a location for the power point
- # 3: Specificity and connection sequence
- Connection options for power plug
- Connection plate without socket
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Types of power points for cookers
Installing a new plate, in particular electrical, is necessarily accompanied by the connection procedure. Sometimes this type of work are invited to an electrician, but most cope on their own.
To the new technology it lasts a long time, and during the operation did not have problems, you should pay attention to the technical standards for its installation.
Particular attention should be paid to selecting and installing the appropriate power connector. The view that electric heat is sufficient to establish the most ordinary wall socket, wrong.
She will not be able to withstand high loads and, at best, just melted. For high-power appliances use special socket that can support 7 kW or more.
Selecting the correct socket for your plate, you need to focus on the maximum value of the rated current
Power sockets on the market, different in color, the manufacturing material, shape, and assembly method Withstand. When you purchase this device, it is necessary to immediately purchase and the corresponding fork. Often, electric cookers manufacturer completes its equipment power plug and socket - can only properly install them.
The material of manufacture of the power outlets are karbolit and high quality plastic. The first option - black, they tend to be cheaper. Plastic represented mainly in white. They are more expensive, high quality and high level of durability.
By way of installation isolated power sockets:
- for open installation;
- Flush mounting.
If it is to be installed over the stove, firmly stood against the wall, it is best to choose a model concealed installation, the working mechanism is hidden in the wall.
High-power three-phase outlet, used for installation in apartments / houses, which comes to three-phase electrical network
Among the high-powered outlets can be found as variants with earthing contact, with or without grounding. For the electric stove you should buy grounded receptacle.
Meals at home can be a single-phase, three-phase and two-phase rare. Based on this feature, you need to choose the socket, with the right contacts and lay the appropriate power cable.
To choose the right power connector that is suitable to the mains, part of the house, you need to find out in advance from electricians, service station, the type of network and an earth. Their responses must be unambiguous and clear. Only then can you start your own buying and subsequent installation of the power outlet.
The power connector is hidden installation is most often chosen in order to save space, especially when its installation is planned for the stove
Features of the electrical device
The power connector (female), to withstand heavy loads, used for powerful appliances. His ability to pass through a large rated current, in comparison with the normal household models, is the most important product specifications.
To connect the power connector using a three-wire cable with single-phase power supply, consisting of a phase conductor, ground zero and the corresponding section
If simple sockets designed for 10 A, 16 A, the power - 25 A, 32 A or more. Their contacts with the passage of the current is not heated.
Elektrotochka increased power as a conventional socket member of the working mechanism, an external escutcheon, performs a protective function, and screws. Device differs only working mechanism power outlet.
If it is disassembled, the inside can see the input terminals for connecting the power cable and output terminals that transmit electrical current plug in.
Rules outlet installation for electric stoves
The issue of connecting the cooker occurs at the end of repair. At that time already made finishing work in the room and laid the power cable. We can only plug socket and the very plate.
This is an ideal option. But sometimes, when this question arises at the very beginning of the repair work. Here we must act consistently performing basic rules.
# 1: Preparing to install a power outlet
The first step is to determine the location of the installation of electric stoves. Well immediately choose a model to know its dimensions and, most importantly, the power consumption. It is from this characteristic will depend on which wire as a supply to be laid.
A power outlet for cookers or electric hob can be installed at a height of 10 cm from the floor. The main thing that it was remotely away from the washing machine and dishwasher (+)
Having defined the model of the device and its installation place to be on guard to lay a separate line of the power cable into the kitchen. To do this, pick up a wire with a cross section of 6 mm2. Be sure to copper. Wiring is better to take a quality corresponding to GOST, because of its quality depends on the safety and long-term operation.
For plates it is important to lay a separate cable to avoid an accident in the future
When choosing wire and implementing its styling should be guided by the norms prescribed in the rulebook SP 31-110-2003, clause 9.2. According to them, on the supply line for the electric stove can not be connected to additional sockets, switches or lamps.
For a single-phase three-wire network uses a wire section 6 mm2And for three-phase - five-core, but with a smaller cross section.
When installing the power sockets in concrete and masonry walls, use flush mount option
Picking the right wire to protect it. To this end, panel circuit breaker is set for him by 32 A. Also, for additional electrical safety to be immediately after the circuit breaker set breaker device 40 A.
RCD and circuit breaker will protect the home from the unfortunate consequences that could arise in the event of a network surge (+)
The next step - buying power proper power outlet. Its rated current must necessarily conform to the specifications of the machine. If the home is a three-phase network, it is better to buy a three-phase outlet for the installed electric stove.
at Selecting the power outlet It should take into account the type of installation to be - open or hidden. Also, be sure to buy a plug suitable specific selected outlet. After all, to many outlets of foreign production are not suitable domestic plug. And vice versa.
If to be a power connector assembly inside a kitchen cabinet, it is advisable to take the consignment model
# 2: Selecting a location for the power point
When choosing location point to connect a powerful kitchen appliances, we must not forget about safety rules. This outlet should not be located above the work surface or in a place to which access is difficult.
Often, a strong connection of the hob power connector mounted behind the rear wall of the oven located below it. Beside the usual mount socket to connect it
Absolutely contraindicated mounted power outlet for your appliance in such places:
- under the sink;
- for washing machine;
If the plate is placed on the legs, the optimal location of its sockets - 15 cm from the floor. Also, it is important to ensure that elektrotochka was removed from the water source and fire. According to technical standards, hob should immediately be included in the socket. For the purposes of electrical safety it is prohibited to include an extension cord.
Absolutely can not install a power outlet above the stove or next to it. It is better to hide in standing next to locker
One of the convenient options for its location - for most plate, if the plate can freely pull out of the niche and space allows. Another option - in the cabinet next to the stove. This arrangement will not have to worry that the plastic will overheat, and access to it is not difficult.
Details about the circuit arrangement of kitchen outlets can be found here.
# 3: Specificity and connection sequence
Having defined the place where to be mounted outlet for his brand new boards and paving to the power cable, you are ready to install it. This work can be done by yourself or invite electrician.
Selecting the stove, you need to carefully examine the accompanying documentation and packaging. Often, the manufacturer provides a pair of power sockets and plugs with electric
If you have to install a separate power outlet, you need to take the appropriate tools, socket itself. Then disconnect the power supply wires have to work with. Be sure to check that the current on this line really is not.
The chosen location for the installation of sockets need to make a mark and took the punch, make a hole for the Escutcheon cups. It is important when installing the flush-type power outlet.
Then Escutcheon threaded feed wire laid for this purpose. With it removed the protective sheath, and carefully freed colored wires are stripped to 0.8-1 cm. Now we have to attach them to the mechanism of the socket.
It is important to yellow-green wire in charge of the land, the right to connect to the terminal sockets - central. Remain neatly connect phase and neutral contacts, and to extreme check that all compounds do not fall off. Strongly tighten it is not necessary - it is possible to damage the wires.
Connect the power connector, as usual, it is important not to confuse the wires connecting them to the appropriate terminals
When the checked quality of the connection wires need to tightly fix Escutcheon in the wall using a plaster solution or alabaster. After drying screws remain secure mechanism itself and to fasten the upper insulating housing power outlets.
After the installation to be tested, the power outlet. If it works, then you can begin to connect the plate itself.
If necessary, the transfer socket suggested familiar with Article.
Connection options for power plug
By purchasing an electric stove, customers receive a bonus from the majority of manufacturers - plug it with a suitable outlet. These items will only be connected to the plate and the power supply cable, respectively.
There are various schemes to connect. They depend on the supply coming into the private house or apartment. Distinguish this connection:
- single phase;
Often manufacturers on the back side of the plate is applied to all three connection schemes. Handyman will only remove the protective cover and, guided by the attached diagram, connect the wires to the plug plate.
Sometimes such a scheme is applied in the instructions that are provided with an electric stove. You need to carefully study it and to act in accordance with the desired circuit.
With three-phase connection scheme can be sorted out on their own. For this purpose it is to carefully study the scheme itself and not to confuse wire
Before you start laying the supply line to the plate separately, it has already had to figure out which network feeds the house. From this was picked 5-or 3-conductor wire optimum diameter. Knowing the nuance of the suggested connection diagrams to choose their own and act.
In new buildings often comes to three-phase network. When connecting the stove in the kitchen of this apartment should be guided by the three-phase connection scheme.
Its essence lies in joining the plate contacts to the five-core plug wire:
- terminals L1, L2, L3 are connected phases A, B, C. In this case, the phase of the copper wire jumpers are not used;
- between zero terminals N1, N2 is placed and a copper jumper wire connected thereto zero;
- yellow-green grounding wire is attached to terminal PE.
Sometimes there is a variant of the two-phase network in the house / cottage, built somewhere in the beginning of the last century. That in such a situation properly connect a powerful kitchen appliances / hob, it is necessary, depending on the available phases between the two terminals of household appliances deliver a good jumper from copper.
For example, between L1 and L2. Then phase A is connected to this terminal, and the remaining phase C clamp to attach to L3.
Zero between terminals N1, N2 is placed the same qualitative jumper and connects the neutral wire. A land excuse is attached to PE.
Two-phase electric power that feeds the house, involves the use of a two-phase scheme connect large appliances
The old building houses most often comes to a single-phase electrical network. Here in this case, a single-phase connection scheme. Here zero and the ground is connected similarly to the two previous schemes, and between the three terminals of the plate put the jumpers of copper. And then connect the phase wire.
Copper connector often come with a stove. But if they suddenly found out, you can use copper wire 6 mm2By disconnecting the pieces of the desired size. The point of attachment to the terminals to gently compress, to ensure good contact with the terminals.
Single phase occurs most often. With this setup it is important to put the copper jumper between phase terminals
Detailed fotoinstruktsiya Wiring of a single-phase circuit
We must start with the preparation of tools and material.
Upon delivery of housing wiring is laid and sockets are installed, but if the device does not comply with some parameters, it is better to replace
Materials for connection (cable with plug and socket) must be purchased in the store, and the instruments are likely to find at home
Screwdriver set is required to install the equipment and check the network voltage
To connect the power equipment needed three-wire cable at least 4 mm², one of the threads will be ground
Step 1: Purchase sockets for connecting cookers
Step 2: Buy the kit to connect the store
Step 3: Selection of measuring and control devices
Step 4: Preparation of a three-core power cable
The next stage - to connect a three-core cables to an electric stove. It is important to choose the right scheme to identify the terminals and cables are reversed.
Table with possible connection diagrams can be found on the back of the plate. In this case, the first - a single-phase circuit
Find the terminals according to the selected scheme and attach brackets - one at 1, 2, 3 terminals, a second 4, 5 and 6 - is ground
In the process of joining the cable to the terminals constantly stretch all clips - firmly tighten mounting
Insert the wire into the terminal: the extreme left - phase (brown), in the center - zero (blue) on the right - the earth (yellow-green)
Step 1 - Select the connection diagrams
Step 2 - Preparation of the terminals on the plate
Step 3 - broaching terminal mounts
Step 4 - Installation of the wires in the terminals
After connecting the cable to the plate, check the wires in the junction box and install a new outlet.
To test using a screwdriver indicator. Check the conformity of the wires by color: white - phase, blue and white - zero, green and yellow - earth
To check the wire intended for connection (with yellow-green wire) using a tester
Set the outlet housing on the wall and the factory wiring. To make better use of the power cables overhead outlet - they are more comfortable
Insert the wire of the output panel and check: the right side - the phase, on the left - zero in the middle - earth
Connect the wires in the plug and you can in advance. They must conform to the wire in the socket
When the slab plug into the socket contact wires must be the same: a phase - a phase zero - a zero, land - a land
Once again, check the cable connection to the plate, tighten the contacts. To test using the wiring diagram
Once finished checking conformity of wires in the socket and the plug, the socket housing on the cover can be put on and fasten the screw
Step 1 - Check the wires in the junction box
Step 2 - Test the ground wire
Step 3 - outlet mounted on a wall
Step 4 - Check the wires in the wall socket
Step 5 - assembly of cable plug
Step 6 - Check for compliance with wire
Step 7 - Check the cable connection to the stove
Step 8 - Installation socket cover
The final and binding stage - testing. It is necessary to test the outlet, and along with the plates.
After assembling the socket includes an automatic protection device and check the voltage in the socket
To check whether all the wires are connected, simply insert the plug into the socket
Including plate, at the same time we check the cable connection. If the indicator lights on the panel - the connection is correct
It is better if the distance from the plate to the wall outlet will be minimal. If you subsequently close the outlet furniture, you need to leave free access
Step 1 - Check your local AC mains
Step 2 - Test the cable connection
Step 3 - Check the operation plate
Step 4 - Set the plate to a wall outlet
The installation is a power outlet and connect appliance is considered complete. If during operation outlet is out of order you can try fixThe main thing - to observe safety precautions during the work.
Connection plate without socket
Sometimes it is not possible to carry out the installation of a power socket for the plate. But this fact is not an obstacle for her connection. After all, without an electric cooker it is difficult to imagine a full kitchen.
In this case, the plate can be connected directly to the supply cable. Sometimes it is placed in the junction box, and all the cables are attached to the corresponding terminals of the terminal block.
Also possible that when this box is not necessary, and the power supply cable just coming out of the wall. The sense of connection will not change - will be the same.
Connecting electric stove wire directly to the power supply wires can be done with their own hands
Firstly, you need to roll out electric plug plate and release wires that are in it. It is, as a rule, 3-wire - ground, phase and neutral.
Secondly, you need to turn off the supply line, which will run from the network. Be sure to make sure that the electricity is not supplied to protect against electric shock.
Third, unscrew the screw from the protective lining of the distribution box. Here you will see the terminal block to which the power cable wires are connected. In the case where not installed distribution block, it will be easier to deliver. Since the compound will be more accurate.
Fourth, to be wire power plug to attach the plate to the corresponding terminals with the wires from the junction box. It is important not to mix color - yellow-green ground wire plug connected to the same power supply wires in the box. Likewise connect phase and zero wire.
If complete with stove no power plug, you can connect the cable yourself
When the connection is completed, you need to put back the protective cover of the junction box, tighten the screw. All - you can check the efficiency of the electric stove.
It is important to remember that using this type of connection, the customer loses warranty. In case of failure during the warranty period, it is necessary to repair the equipment at his own expense. This is one of the unpleasant aspects of this connection.
But there are also positive aspects. So, if in the near future is planned to replace the old plate, then working with a junction box, it will be simple to connect all new.
When all work on the power outlet and connecting plates are made, it is necessary to enable it to make sure everything works
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Detailed video clip about the installation power outlet overlaid manner, and connecting the power plug to an electric plate:
Visual video of the cable connection to the electric stove under the scheme provided by the manufacturer:
Videos about connecting appliance to a power outlet with a fork, left over from the old panels:
Connect the power socket can be without attraction of electricians. For this purpose it is to choose the right device, given the power of technology, which will be included. The main thing - to lay a separate cable specifically for the plate and secure it by setting the machine off and RCD. the installation process itself is no different than installing the usual outlets.
There is experience in the self-assembly sockets for electric cooker? Or, you do not agree with the above material? Looking forward to your comments and questions.