Proper potato growing in and from seed

The potatoes are our second bread, so every gardener, even in a small area, is trying to grow it. To do this, go all the materials at hand: straw, bags and even barrels. Consider growing potatoes in a barrel and from seed. The content of the asdfrom seeds: a step-by-step process

  • Acquisition of seeds
  • Collection of seeds
  • Off-seed method
  • Seedling method
  • Planting in open ground
  • Especiallygrowing of seeds from the housegrowing potatoes from seeds
  • Features care for seed potatoes
  • The advantages of planting potatoes in a barrel

    This method growing potatoes is very simple and therefore calls to itselfry of great interest.

    Planting in a barrel has a lot of advantages.
    • this way of planting requires less physical strength when leaving: the need for loosening, weeding and hilling disappears.
    • Increases yield.
    • Significantly saved water, becausemoisture penetrates straight to the roots.
    Planting potatoes in an barrel takes place much earlier than the usual
    , as the soil can get warm sooner and the harvest can be obtained earlier.

    Potatoes in a barrel: the process of growing

    To plant potatoes, we need a barrel, the volume of not less than seven liters, but not more than 100 liters. The bottom of the barrel is desirable to remove or drill more holes.

    We drill holes in 2 cm in the walls and at a distance of 20 cm from each other, not reaching the top of the barrel 20 cm( for ease of watering and adding soil, as it will settle).

    We put the barrel where we like it, in the light, but not in the sun .It is possible to use small branches( pruning from the garden), leaves( but not tops), rotten boards and compost as drainage.

    As with flowers, such cultivation requires the sun, but without direct rays.
    1. The first layer of the earth is filled( 10 cm).It requires the addition of rotted manure( 1: 1) and ash;
    2. A layer of straw or grass is being laid, this way you can avoid soil compaction and fill it with additional nutrients;
    3. The is again filled with a small layer of earth ;
    4. If the barrel is high, then you need to put a tube with holes in it, but it must be with the end muffled in order to supply watering and power.
    When planting in a barrel, you need to fold the tubers in a circle on the ground, gently pressing through 20cm. On top of the potatoes should be sprinkled with a ten-centimetric layer of nutrient soil.

    Expected Yield

    With the observance of the cultivation technology in the barrel, the harvest can be very good, it all depends on the size of the barrel and the quality of the planting material.

    Advantages and disadvantages of the

    method Pros :

    • reducing the area for digging, hilling, weeding leads to a decrease in the impact on plants of pests
    In the process of digging up the harvest of potatoes from the barrel there is no damage to the tubers.

    Cons :

    • needs to constantly monitor the soil moisture in the barrel,
    • not let the green mass appear until the tank is filled with the dried vegeta

    Cultivation of potatoes in bags is similar to growing in barrels, but you need more holes in the bottom of the bag and side.

    Growing in straw

    After the appearance of the sprouts, again they are sprinkled with a layer of straw at 10 cm, and so several times with the appearance of sprouts, only a layer of straw is not higher than 40 cm.

    Further care is not required. Crop harvested raising straw.

    The biggest problem in growing potatoes under straw is the of the mouse and the slug, as well as a strong wind that blows the straw.
    In the straw

    In the greenhouse

    There are several advantages to this method of growing potatoes:

    ⦁ you will get early and greater yield than when grown in open ground.

    ⦁ Crops will be less subject to invasion by different insects .

    ⦁ you will receive an environmentally friendly product.

    In the spring you need to select the tubers and germinate them in a warm and lighted place. It is best to take the early varieties. As soon as sprouts appear, they should be planted at a distance of 30 cm. A week later, the land should be again filled up with a small layer of organic matter and earth.

    Planted tubers do not need to be watered for three weeks, covering the planting with foil. As soon as shoots appeared, it should be removed.

    It is preferable to care for potatoes in a greenhouse as if they were planting potatoes.

    The lack of greenhouse - air and soil dry up in the heat. Therefore, it is required to carry out moistening of the entire greenhouse surface. Steaming water will cool the air and nourish the plants with moisture. Often it is necessary to air and process pests.

    In the greenhouse

    According to the Dutch technology

    A special feature of this technique is land aeration. In order for the soil to breathe, the Dutch make it loosening, leave a considerable distance between the rows, and try to plant the potatoes themselves in the ridges.

    Strawberries6 cm

  • seeding in the wells, it is necessary to fill the ash, then sprinkle it with a small layer of soilrmirovanie ridges up to 10cm
  • If growing potatoes on the Dutch technology okuchit landing - the height of the ridges is increased by 2 times.
    Dutch technology

    Watering should be 3 times per seasonwith manganese. So that they sprout faster, they are heated in a humid environment, at a temperature of 42 ° C - 10 min, or at a temperature of 35-37 ° C - 6h. And also hardened, on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator .

    Manganese helps prepare seeds for growing

    . Cultivation from seeds: a step-by-step process

    Gardeners often turn to seeds that are cheaper than buying elite tubers. It is possible to store seeds anywhere, their shelf life is about 10 years.

    Acquisition of seeds

    Potatoes need to buy only in safe places. It is desirable that those who approach the place of residence are zoned. Early and medium early varieties are in great demand.

    Collection of seeds

    When the potatoes ripen and berries are formed on the bush, the fruits must be harvested and decomposed into the ripening. Ripe berries become soft. They are crushed, left for a couple of days, then washed on a sieve and dried. Keep the seeds in a dry place.

    Reckless way

    Berassad way is used mainly in the South. The soil is well loosened. Rows are prepared at a distance of 70cm, well watered. Depth of seeding is 0.5 cm-1 cm.

    When 2 true leaves appear and close together, the seedlings thin out and leave a distance of 20 cm from each other. When the seeds germinate, they are loosened, watered, fertilized and mulched.

    They are very carefully dug , so as not to damage. Small tubers - sets, left for planting next year. And if you properly care, you can get 250kg - 350kg weave 5 years.

    Seedling method

    Growing seedlings is the same as for seedlings of tomatoes and peppers, only the seeds of potatoes are smaller and the seedlings are very fragile, so they try not to swoop down the seedlings.

    Planting in open ground

    In May, we plant seedlings in open ground, at the age of a month. A week before disembarking, it is necessary to provide fertilizing with nitrogen( 20 g - 30 g of urea, a matchbox without top, for 10 liters of water).

    Seedlings potatoes, as well as tomatoes, are planted, , deepening up to the cotyledon leaves .From seeds you can usually get mini-tubers weighing from 10g to 50g.

    Features of growing from seeds at home

    The resulting planting material is usually healthy, but young seedlings can be exposed to diseases and be damaged by pests. For this reason, it is required to protect the potatoes.

    Diseases hazardous

    seedlings from diseases often affect Fusarium, Phytophthora, scab, cancer, root and tuber rot et al.

    Pests seedlings

    From peststhe Colorado potato beetle, a bear, fluorimea and are especially dangerous. Aphid, in addition to damaging the tops of potatoes, is also considered to be a carrier of viruses for which no cures have been found.

    • biopreparations for diseases: trichodermin, phytosporin, rhizoplan. Last it is possible to carry out processing of a plant for a couple of days before harvesting.
    • biological products for the removal of pests: bicolan, fitoverm, agravertine and others.
    Biopreparations may be used in tank mixtures according to recommendations, which facilitates processing and labor and time costs.

    Cleaning

    After the tops have dried, proceed to harvesting the sev. Potato sevka small, for this reason it is necessary to carefully dig it. Even 10g of material can provide an excellent harvest in the coming year.

    We dug out dug tubers in a consecrated place( barn, garage, shed, etc. utility rooms) for five days, sort by fractions, put them in paper bags and bookmark the storage in the basement.

    This is such a laborious and troublesome, but also pleasant, if everything is done correctly and in time, it turns out to be the work of a home breeder, which will result in good potato yields for the next 6 to 7 years.

    The difference of cultivation from seed and from seed to seedlings

    The difference is in the following points.

    Weather Conditions

    When grown in seeds in seeds, there is a danger that seeds due to cold or hot weather, , heavy rainfall or drought simply do not sprout, or sprout very rarely.

    Pests

    Seedlings need constant monitoring from pests.

    Aphids, bear, scoop, Colorado potato beetle constantly threaten potato seedlings. Looking for preparations for the treatment of from pests, compliance with instructions, etc.

    Diseases

    Again is a constant control of , not only from pests, but from diseases that lie at every step, and this is fusarium, late blight, scab, rot, viral diseases, etc. You need to correctly select and use drugs.

    Potato saplings, ready for planting
    • correct use of fertilizers and dressings to avoid harming
    • proper care and watering
    • to harvest the right crop, dig up so as not to damage the nodules

    Planting

    Almost all of the enumeration has

    planting

    Planting

    • for planting seeds seedling way. The only difference in planting seeds is not in the ground, but in boxes that are more protected from the weather, becauseare indoors, or in a greenhouse, but not outdoors.
      It is easier to care for
      plantings in cassettes, monitor their condition, and treat them from pests and diseases while they are still very small, but after transplantation they have the same problems as seedlings planted in the ground.

      What is the elite and super elite of potatoes

      What is the elite of tubers? Large seed firms have their own laboratories, where specialists cultivate micro tubery that are free from any diseases.

      For 5 years, has completed with grade through the five stages of the development of .From the elite, you can get a harvest several times larger than the usual varietal.

      Difficulties in growing potatoes from seeds

      It is worth listing the main difficulties and features in growing potatoes from seeds:

      • seed germination. Seeds up to 2 years old are more likely to germinate.
      • poor formation of the root system
      • without the constant use of biologics, seedlings can die
      • seedlings are small and fragile, their transplantation should be done very carefully.

      Seed Potato Care Features Selected seed potatoes should be rinsed with to remove pests. After several washes, dry the tubers in a dark place and leave for 2 weeks, avoiding germination.

      When preparing for planting, the tubers must be constantly turned over so that solanine is formed, which increases the immunity of the nodules. In addition, they will receive additional protection from rodents, as they cannot be used as food.

      Storage temperature, humidity is considered an important factor when storing seed potatoes. The temperature in the basement should be within 2-4 C until February. And from the end of the month the temperature is increased to 12-15 C, humidity 70-80%.

      Temperature change shortens the rest period of , and the tubers are able to germinate faster.

      Potatoes are stored in separate boxes or boxes. Compliance with the storage conditions of seed material contributes to high yields!

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