The potatoes are our second bread, so every gardener, even in a small area, is trying to grow it. To do this, go all the materials at hand: straw, bags and even barrels. Consider growing potatoes in a barrel and from seed. The content of the asdfrom seeds: a step-by-step process
- Acquisition of seeds
- Collection of seeds
- Off-seed method
- Seedling method
- Planting in open ground
The advantages of planting potatoes in a barrel
This method growing potatoes is very simple and therefore calls to itselfry of great interest.
- this way of planting requires less physical strength when leaving: the need for loosening, weeding and hilling disappears.
- Increases yield.
- Significantly saved water, becausemoisture penetrates straight to the roots.
Potatoes in a barrel: the process of growing
To plant potatoes, we need a barrel, the volume of not less than seven liters, but not more than 100 liters. The bottom of the barrel is desirable to remove or drill more holes.
We drill holes in 2 cm in the walls and at a distance of 20 cm from each other, not reaching the top of the barrel 20 cm( for ease of watering and adding soil, as it will settle).
We put the barrel where we like it, in the light, but not in the sun .It is possible to use small branches( pruning from the garden), leaves( but not tops), rotten boards and compost as drainage.
- The first layer of the earth is filled( 10 cm).It requires the addition of rotted manure( 1: 1) and ash;
- A layer of straw or grass is being laid, this way you can avoid soil compaction and fill it with additional nutrients;
- The is again filled with a small layer of earth ;
- If the barrel is high, then you need to put a tube with holes in it, but it must be with the end muffled in order to supply watering and power.
With the observance of the cultivation technology in the barrel, the harvest can be very good, it all depends on the size of the barrel and the quality of the planting material.
Advantages and disadvantages of the
method Pros :
- reducing the area for digging, hilling, weeding leads to a decrease in the impact on plants of pests
- needs to constantly monitor the soil moisture in the barrel,
- not let the green mass appear until the tank is filled with the dried vegeta
Cultivation of potatoes in bags is similar to growing in barrels, but you need more holes in the bottom of the bag and side.
Growing in straw
After the appearance of the sprouts, again they are sprinkled with a layer of straw at 10 cm, and so several times with the appearance of sprouts, only a layer of straw is not higher than 40 cm.
Further care is not required. Crop harvested raising straw. The biggest problem in growing potatoes under straw is the of the mouse and the slug, as well as a strong wind that blows the straw.
In the greenhouse
There are several advantages to this method of growing potatoes:
⦁ you will get early and greater yield than when grown in open ground.
⦁ Crops will be less subject to invasion by different insects .
⦁ you will receive an environmentally friendly product.
In the spring you need to select the tubers and germinate them in a warm and lighted place. It is best to take the early varieties. As soon as sprouts appear, they should be planted at a distance of 30 cm. A week later, the land should be again filled up with a small layer of organic matter and earth.
Planted tubers do not need to be watered for three weeks, covering the planting with foil. As soon as shoots appeared, it should be removed. It is preferable to care for potatoes in a greenhouse as if they were planting potatoes.
The lack of greenhouse - air and soil dry up in the heat. Therefore, it is required to carry out moistening of the entire greenhouse surface. Steaming water will cool the air and nourish the plants with moisture. Often it is necessary to air and process pests.
According to the Dutch technology
A special feature of this technique is land aeration. In order for the soil to breathe, the Dutch make it loosening, leave a considerable distance between the rows, and try to plant the potatoes themselves in the ridges.
seeding in the wells, it is necessary to fill the ash, then sprinkle it with a small layer of soilrmirovanie ridges up to 10cm If growing potatoes on the Dutch technology okuchit landing - the height of the ridges is increased by 2 times.
Watering should be 3 times per seasonwith manganese. So that they sprout faster, they are heated in a humid environment, at a temperature of 42 ° C - 10 min, or at a temperature of 35-37 ° C - 6h. And also hardened, on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator .
. Cultivation from seeds: a step-by-step process
Gardeners often turn to seeds that are cheaper than buying elite tubers. It is possible to store seeds anywhere, their shelf life is about 10 years.
Acquisition of seeds Potatoes need to buy only in safe places. It is desirable that those who approach the place of residence are zoned. Early and medium early varieties are in great demand.
Collection of seeds
When the potatoes ripen and berries are formed on the bush, the fruits must be harvested and decomposed into the ripening. Ripe berries become soft. They are crushed, left for a couple of days, then washed on a sieve and dried. Keep the seeds in a dry place.
Berassad way is used mainly in the South. The soil is well loosened. Rows are prepared at a distance of 70cm, well watered. Depth of seeding is 0.5 cm-1 cm.
When 2 true leaves appear and close together, the seedlings thin out and leave a distance of 20 cm from each other. When the seeds germinate, they are loosened, watered, fertilized and mulched.
They are very carefully dug , so as not to damage. Small tubers - sets, left for planting next year. And if you properly care, you can get 250kg - 350kg weave 5 years.
Growing seedlings is the same as for seedlings of tomatoes and peppers, only the seeds of potatoes are smaller and the seedlings are very fragile, so they try not to swoop down the seedlings.
Planting in open ground
In May, we plant seedlings in open ground, at the age of a month. A week before disembarking, it is necessary to provide fertilizing with nitrogen( 20 g - 30 g of urea, a matchbox without top, for 10 liters of water). Seedlings potatoes, as well as tomatoes, are planted, , deepening up to the cotyledon leaves .From seeds you can usually get mini-tubers weighing from 10g to 50g.
Features of growing from seeds at home
The resulting planting material is usually healthy, but young seedlings can be exposed to diseases and be damaged by pests. For this reason, it is required to protect the potatoes.
seedlings from diseases often affect Fusarium, Phytophthora, scab, cancer, root and tuber rot et al. Fusarium blight Scab EXAMPLE root rot tuber rot
From peststhe Colorado potato beetle, a bear, fluorimea and are especially dangerous. Aphid, in addition to damaging the tops of potatoes, is also considered to be a carrier of viruses for which no cures have been found.
Biopreparations may be used in tank mixtures according to recommendations, which facilitates processing and labor and time costs. Colorado beetle Medvedka
- biopreparations for diseases: trichodermin, phytosporin, rhizoplan. Last it is possible to carry out processing of a plant for a couple of days before harvesting.
- biological products for the removal of pests: bicolan, fitoverm, agravertine and others.
After the tops have dried, proceed to harvesting the sev. Potato sevka small, for this reason it is necessary to carefully dig it. Even 10g of material can provide an excellent harvest in the coming year.
We dug out dug tubers in a consecrated place( barn, garage, shed, etc. utility rooms) for five days, sort by fractions, put them in paper bags and bookmark the storage in the basement.
This is such a laborious and troublesome, but also pleasant, if everything is done correctly and in time, it turns out to be the work of a home breeder, which will result in good potato yields for the next 6 to 7 years.
The difference of cultivation from seed and from seed to seedlings
The difference is in the following points.
When grown in seeds in seeds, there is a danger that seeds due to cold or hot weather, , heavy rainfall or drought simply do not sprout, or sprout very rarely.
Seedlings need constant monitoring from pests. Aphids, bear, scoop, Colorado potato beetle constantly threaten potato seedlings. Looking for preparations for the treatment of from pests, compliance with instructions, etc.
Again is a constant control of , not only from pests, but from diseases that lie at every step, and this is fusarium, late blight, scab, rot, viral diseases, etc. You need to correctly select and use drugs.
- correct use of fertilizers and dressings to avoid harming
- proper care and watering
- to harvest the right crop, dig up so as not to damage the nodules
Almost all of the enumeration has
- for planting seeds seedling way. The only difference in planting seeds is not in the ground, but in boxes that are more protected from the weather, becauseare indoors, or in a greenhouse, but not outdoors. It is easier to care forplantings in cassettes, monitor their condition, and treat them from pests and diseases while they are still very small, but after transplantation they have the same problems as seedlings planted in the ground.
What is the elite and super elite of potatoes
What is the elite of tubers? Large seed firms have their own laboratories, where specialists cultivate micro tubery that are free from any diseases.
For 5 years, has completed with grade through the five stages of the development of .From the elite, you can get a harvest several times larger than the usual varietal.Elite potatoes Varietal potatoes
Difficulties in growing potatoes from seeds
It is worth listing the main difficulties and features in growing potatoes from seeds:
- seed germination. Seeds up to 2 years old are more likely to germinate.
- poor formation of the root system
- without the constant use of biologics, seedlings can die
- seedlings are small and fragile, their transplantation should be done very carefully.
Seed Potato Care Features Selected seed potatoes should be rinsed with to remove pests. After several washes, dry the tubers in a dark place and leave for 2 weeks, avoiding germination.When preparing for planting, the tubers must be constantly turned over so that solanine is formed, which increases the immunity of the nodules. In addition, they will receive additional protection from rodents, as they cannot be used as food.
Storage temperature, humidity is considered an important factor when storing seed potatoes. The temperature in the basement should be within 2-4 C until February. And from the end of the month the temperature is increased to 12-15 C, humidity 70-80%.
Temperature change shortens the rest period of , and the tubers are able to germinate faster.
Potatoes are stored in separate boxes or boxes. Compliance with the storage conditions of seed material contributes to high yields!Solanin is dangerous to human health. Crop storage is allowed in separate containers. Cultivation of different varieties will show clearly what
is best for you.