Tomato is one of the essential vegetables that must be present in the garden. There are a large number of seeds of different varieties and hybrids of tomatoes on the market, which differ in terms of ripening, fruit size, bush height, taste qualities of , etc. In this review we will talk about Tomato Torbay, with a description and description of which can be found below.
The history of breedingselection and growing region
In 2010, the Dutch company Bejo Zaden bred a hybrid of tomato Torbay F1, which quickly gained popularityawn from farmers. In our country, he passed the state registration in 2012.
This hybrid is determinant, so the crop ripens in a shorter time, than the indeterminant. Because of this, it can be grown even in regions with a short summer.
In the southern regions it can be grown in open ground, to get a good harvest in the middle lane, it is better to cover the bushes with foil. In the northern regions, tomatoes are grown in heated greenhouses and greenhouses.
Description of tomato Torbay
The main characteristics of the bush
Torbay tomatoes are medium-sized hybrids. 100-110 days from sowing seeds for seedlings to harvesting. They can be grown both in open ground and in greenhouses. Plant height in open ground reaches 75-80 cm, and in greenhouses - up to 150 cm. About six fruits form in the hand. Tomatoes ripen amicably. From one bush can collect up to 6 kg of tomato.
The plant is rather sprawling, therefore it requires molding.
Characteristic of fruits
Ripe tomatoes acquire a bright pink and raspberry color. At the beginning of the harvest, the weight of one fruit can reach up to 210g. Tomatoes have a sweet and sour taste. Fruits form a flat-round shape with a low ribbed surface. Each tomato contains four or five seed chambers.
Fruits have dense flesh and peel. Near the stem of ripe tomatoes is missing a green spot.
Advantages and disadvantages of
Advantages of a hybrid:
- is resistant to most diseases;
- high-yielding hybrid;
- resistant to drought;
- tomatoes can be transported over long distances;
- fruits have a long shelf life ( 2-3 weeks);
- tomatoes do not crack ;
- tomatoes have a high flavor characteristics ;
- simultaneous ripening of fruits.
Disadvantages of a hybrid:
- high stem, therefore requires a garter;
- bush sprawling, therefore requires molding.
For seedlings, seeds are sown at the end of March.
Preparing for planting
- Select quality seeds. To do this, they are placed in a saline solution. The empty ones will float, and the full ones will settle to the bottom. Full seeds can be soaked.
- Seeds are soaked before planting. For this, seeds are poured onto a piece of cloth. Then it is tied in a knot. The bag is placed in warm( 22-25 ° C water).Soaking is performed within 3-4 days.
- seedlings After soaking seeds are decontaminated with for 15 minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate. To do this, prepare a 0.5-1% solution. Then they must be washed in running water.
- Treatment of biostimulants .
Treated seeds are sown in prepared ground. They are planted to a depth of about 15 mm. The soil should be warm, not lower than 20 ° C.
After the first true leaves appear, the seedlings swoop. A pick is needed to create a powerful root system. The plants are removed from the soil and planted again. At this operation the part of roots of seedlings breaks. If the central root is very large, then you can remove part of the root manually.
Seedlings grow for about 30 days. Then it can be planted in the ground. A week before planting, it is desirable to begin hardening the plants.
Transplantation of seedlings in open ground
Plants are planted in open ground after the threat of frost disappears. Planted bushes on 4 pcs.on 1 m 2 or according to the scheme 30x60 cm .
Near each bush you need to provide a system of plant garters.
Caring for tomatoes consists of regular watering, pasynkovane and garter.
A plant is formed into one or two stalks. If you grow a bush in one stem, the fruits are larger. When the stepsons reach a length of 5 cm, they are removed. When removing, leave a small stump. In this case, the stepchildren will no longer grow in this place.
It is desirable to mulch the soil. In this case, it is not necessary to loosen the soil around the bush. Mulch should be at least 5 layer. See Besides, this thickness hinders the growth of weeds, and the ground under the mulch will be cool to the touch, even in hot weather.
Straw is best for mulch, but you can use cut and dried weeds.
Watering should be sufficiently abundant. If the bushes are not mulched, watering is done every two days. When the soil is mulch it can be performed less frequently.
Planting is also required.
Top dressing is performed three times per season: 1.5 weeks after planting, after the second hand blooms and after the start of fruit ripening.
variety fruiting The Torbay F1 hybrid is distinguished by ripening and fruiting. The first tomatoes grow larger( up to 210 gr). The following fruits grow smaller.
Also small-sized tomatoes can grow if agrotechnology is not observed.
Diseases and their prevention
This hybrid is quite resistant to most diseases. Shrubs are almost not affected by rot, Fusarium, tomato mosaic, are not subject to verticilous fading.
Seedlings and adult plants may be affected by the black stalk. Affected bushes are removed from the garden and burned. Also, tomatoes can be affected by the whitefly, aphids, spider mites and the Colorado beetle.
Special chemicals are used to control insects.
This hybrid can be recommended for growing not only vegetable growers, but also farmers for the industrial production of vegetables.