Nutritionists say that the nutritional problem of many people is not that they buy enough vegetables and fruits, but that they don’t have time to eat them before they spoil. According to statistics, 25-30% of the purchased products are thrown by us in the trash. There are at least two explanations for this phenomenon:
- We buy too much food;
- Simply products spoil faster than they could.
What to do? Go to the store every day? Plan a weekly menu in advance? Hmm. .. It seems these principles are suitable only for the most disciplined. We will give you 12 simple tips on how to preserve the freshness of food up to 2 times longer, stop throwing out “illiquid” and properly organize storage in the refrigerator.
12 nuances of food storage in the refrigerator
Tip 1. Store food separately from each other and in the packaging
When food is nearby, their smells are mixed, and harmful bacteria can "move" very quickly on each other. If the food is lying on the shelf without any protection, then it is quickly weathered or dried, especially if the refrigerator is working according to the No frost system without a specially designated freshness zone. Conclusion - you need to store food in separate containers and packages.
Containers are convenient, but not very compact and require some financial investments. Therefore, instead of them you can use reusable plastic Zip-lock bags. You can buy them in the office supply store, in the economic departments of supermarkets, stores like Fix Price or Ikea. However, even the most ordinary office packages will do.
The only thing that should not be stored in packages is sausage, meat, chicken, fish and cheese - in the film they will suffocate, get an unpleasant smell and start to deteriorate faster. It is better to transfer them from factory packaging in containers or wrap in paper / foil.
Tip 2. Store greens, vegetables and fruits with paper napkins
The main enemy of many vegetables, fruits and greens is moisture in the refrigerator. To prolong the shelf life of the fruit, store them together with paper napkins or in paper bags - the paper will absorb condensate. This technique is especially needed if there is no special freshness zone for fruits and vegetables in your refrigerator.
Tip 3. If you have to buy a new refrigerator, choose a model with a dry and wet zone of freshness.
Fresh zones are boxes in which you can store perishable food for several days longer than in a conventional refrigerator compartment. Due to the lower temperature and the optimal level of humidity, the growth of microorganisms and bacteria slows down, but the food does not freeze.
For example, Bosch refrigerators with VitaFresh plus technology keep food fresh for up to 2 times longer. Just think how many advantages such a handicap gives time:
- You can leave the food for at least a week and go to rest without throwing away food.
- Or imagine such a situation - in the afternoon you decided to prepare a new complex dish, bought ingredients, but by the evening the inspiration was gone. Do not worry - just fold the food in the zone of freshness and transfer the experiment to another day.
- Those who do not have the ability to cook daily, the freshness zone will allow to cook soups, lunches and dinners for several days in advance. In this case, the benefit and taste of the dishes do not have to sacrifice.
- Also, VitaFresh plus technology will allow you to go to the store no more than once a week. During this time, fruits and vegetables due to the natural level of humidity and the ability to regulate the access of dry air( we will tell about this option a little later) will not become watery and retain their vitamins. You can forget about meat with a smell that usually appears after 2 days.
The freshness area in the refrigerator can be wet and / or dry.
- The wet zone is more designed for storing fruits, vegetables and herbs.
- The dry zone maintains a temperature of about 0 degrees and is intended for meat, fish, poultry, dairy products. If desired, you can store and uneaten dinners and even cool drinks.
By the way, in Bosch refrigerators with VitaFresh plus technology( Serie | 6) you can use such a life hacking - pull out boxes for meat and fish and put bottles with drinks instead. Because of the directional flow of cold, they cool down 3 times faster.
Tip 4. If there are freshness zones in your refrigerator with the ability to regulate the access of dry air. .. it's time to learn how to use it
So you already have a fridge with a freshness zone in which you can adjust the access of dry air. But do you really know how to use it? Or do you just set the average in the hope of the best? Understanding humidity settings will help you keep your fruits and vegetables longer and in top quality.
The principle of setting the humidity is quite simple.
- Low moisture is needed for products that are insensitive to moisture loss. As a rule, these are fruits and vegetables that produce ethylene gas, for example, apples and pears. Having opened the access to the dry air in the “fruit” box, we give the ethylene the opportunity to get rid of it. This helps prevent premature fruit damage.
- High humidity is primarily needed for storing leafy greens, such as arugula, spinach and herbs. When access to dry air is closed, moisture is retained in the box and the greens are kept fresh and juicy. Along with greens, you can store fruits and vegetables that are sensitive to ethylene, such as strawberries.
Here is a handy tag with lists of products that prefer low or high humidity levels.
|storage in a box with high humidity||storage in a drawer with low humidity|
|Brussels sprouts||Bananas( ripe)|
|The Corniche Manorss-salad)||Apricots, nectarines, peaches, plums, etc.|
Important point: freshness zones work best if they are at least two-thirds full. Perhaps this is a good motivation to eat more wholesome food.
Tip 5. Conduct a cursory inspection of the refrigerator at least 3 times a week
Regularly inspecting the contents of the refrigerator, you will be able to timely detect the food that you need to eat as quickly as possible and to prevent the appearance of "illiquid".This is especially true for those products that we are used to buying for future use or in several forms. It can be yoghurts, sour cream, sauces, cottage cheese, cheeses, milk or canned food.
In order to better manage your supplies, put the products that have expired in one place, for example, a transparent tray with the words “Eat me first!”.
Tip 6. If you are going on vacation, fill the refrigerator at least by half
The fact is that an empty refrigerator is less efficient. If the shelves of your device were empty, you can fill them with bottles of water.
By the way, it is also undesirable to overload the refrigerator, because for effective storage cold air must circulate freely around the chamber and around the products. If the movement of air slows down, the temperature will rise.
Tip 7. If possible, store fruits and vegetables separately.
This will help avoid the mixing of smells, and most importantly, will not allow the ethylene contained in many fruits to speed up the deterioration of vegetables. Especially sensitive to this gas: potatoes, carrots, broccoli, asparagus and lettuce. Here is a list of leaders in the production of ethylene:
Remember these fruits and never put them in the same box with vegetables and other ripe fruits.
Tip 8. If you need to extend the shelf life of bread and pastries, the
refrigerator will help out. If you need to leave, or you just bought too much bread, then extend its life as follows. Wrap the bread / pastry in a paper bag or plastic bag with small holes or in a bag made of natural fabric. If there is a freshness zone for fruit in the refrigerator, put the packaged bread in there. If there is no such box, then the top shelf of the refrigerator will do. So your bread and pastries can live for about 3 weeks. If necessary, flour products can be frozen for more than 1 month.
- To return bread to a pleasant softness after long storage in the refrigerator( or after freezing), it can be heated in a closed container in the microwave oven.
Tip 9. When you find spoiled fruits and vegetables, throw them away at once.
Remember the saying about the rotten apple, which “spoils all the fruits in the basket”?This is really true. When buying fruits and vegetables( especially in containers), inspect the fruit. And if you find dubious copies rather throw them away.
Tip 10. Whenever possible, buy products with a shelf life of
When you buy products, especially perishables, check their production, shelf life and storage dates. Often in supermarkets the same goods on the same shelf may have different release dates.
Tip 11. Properly arrange the products
After returning from the supermarket with a weekly supply of products, many unload packages in a chaotic manner. As a result, after a few days, spoiled or dried snacks and food ingredients are found. All this happens because different temperatures are set in different zones of the refrigerator, and if the product gets into an unfavorable climate for it, it starts to deteriorate or lose its taste more quickly. Therefore, we advise once to remember a few simple recommendations and try to stick to them in the future.
- The top shelves of the are one of the warmest places in the fridge. It is well kept here: all kinds of leftovers, drinks and ready-to-eat foods( for example, butter, yogurt, cheese and delicacies).
- Lower shelves - the lowest temperature is set here, so this zone is suitable for storing raw ingredients, that is, meat, fish, etc.( this advice is relevant if there is no special freshness zone in the refrigerator).
- The door is the warmest part of the refrigerator and, moreover, with an unstable temperature, so the habit of storing dairy products and eggs here should be abandoned. But sauces and ketchups, jams and pickles, soft and melted cheeses will feel quite normal on the door shelves.
Tip 12. Do not store bananas, tomatoes in the refrigerator, as well as. ..
The secret of long-term storage of certain products is to store them at room temperature. In addition to bananas and tomatoes, this list includes:
- Whole watermelons and melons;
- Whole Garlic and Onions;
- Coffee and tea.
These products become tasteless at low temperatures and deteriorate faster. Also outside the refrigerator you can store apples and not ripe solid fruits.
- What should be the temperature in the fridge?
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