Objectives and character of pruning at different periods of the tree’s life.yield and being a prevention against disease. Inexperienced gardeners pity the sapling, and admire the thick crown. But the branches grow old, become thicker, with a mass of tops and forks. Without light and air, the fruitful branches will die off, fungal diseases will appear in the wood, and the berries will have to be forgotten. Therefore, pruning cherries is a mandatory systematic procedure.
Objectives and character of pruning in different periods of the tree's life.
. The crop is formed on the horizontal side branches. In addition, the first and second year branches bear fruit. Wood over 4 years old on a tree is already starting to die off. If in a timely manner not to shorten the branches along the crown, not to remove the old and fattening branches, not to regulate the harvest - the tree will grow old ahead of time.
There are certain patterns in the formation of sweet pruning that you need to know. Seedlings of the first year are not pruned in the fall, so as not to loosen a loose tree before winter. In the spring, during the first five years of forming the crown, the branches should be cut to 50 cm, the rest, to 30. Between the skeletal branches should be more than 30 cm, the trunk between them should not grow over.
If there was a harsh winter, the spring pruning should be done when foliage appears, when freezers become well visible. Any pruning is carried out in warm weather at a temperature above zero.
Sweet cherry trimming:
- create the correct crown formation;
- provides an increase in the amount of fruit and therefore yield;
- removes old, disease-contaminated wood.
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However, you cannot just walk around the garden and cut the twigs. Trimming is a surgical operation; it is carried out at a certain time, and each type of removal has its own purpose. When trimming it is important that the tool is clean and sharp.
Figure on the diagram of the forming spring cherry pruning. From the second year after rooting, a fruit tree is formed from a seedling for 3 years. Such pruning is called formative. It is held in spring.
During the fruiting period, sanitary pruning is used when broken and damaged branches are removed. After the fruitlets have poured to 1 cm, thinning is carried out - remove excess ovaries, and thin the crown. The remaining crop does not break off the branches, ripens faster, the berries will be larger. Thinning, remove or form in fruiting all fattening branches.
Pruning of old cherries occurs in stages. Aged branches, on which small growth is removed - this is rejuvenating pruning. In return, fruitful formations will grow. The tree will receive a second youth. All operations are performed at a specific time. Only rejuvenating pruning is partially carried out even in the warm winter in February.
Each type of pruning done in a favorable period.
Spring formation of the crown
All types of spring woodworking begin when the air temperature rises above +5 degrees and frost is not expected at night. In the spring they form a crown, leaving up to 9 branches in the lower tier. The second tier is given 2-3 beat-forming branches.
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To reduce growth, sweet cherry pruning is performed annually. The conductor is cut and transferred to the lateral bud every year, so that the tree does not grow up. At the same time, the grown shoot is bent down, and the next year is cut again to the outer bud. Removed or transferred to the fruitful branches of the formation of the tops, too drooping branches are pulled upwards. A new growth from the root is cut to the ground.
The spring pruning scheme is aimed at rejuvenating the ends of the twigs. Depending on the intensity of shoot growth, they are pruned to a certain length:
- Weak pruning is determined by a quarter of the length of the twigs, it awakens the buds at the top, twigs are formed for harvest.
- Medium pruning - half the length stimulates the growth of branches outside with the fruiting of this year.
- Strong pruning leaves several buds to form a new branch.
How to trim a cherry, a gardener focuses on the state of the tree, the strength of growth and age.
Summer care for the crown of
sweet cherries In the summer, two pruning is done. In the summer, as soon as the ovary is visible and the leaves bloom, the cherry is thinned. At this moment, twigs with dead wood are clearly visible - leaves do not bloom on them. Removed excess ovary. Pruning cherries in the summer is to remove all the branches that have begun to shrink from fungal diseases. To remove young twigs growing inside the crown or future tops, use pinching. Pinching the tips of the shoots can direct them in the right direction. Remove the green non-woody twig in the summer - do not loosen the tree with pruning, when an unnecessary branch becomes thick. This is the answer to the question of many novice gardeners - is it possible to trim the sweet cherry in the summer.
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After harvesting, sweet cherry needs sanitary pruning. It consists in removing broken branches, cutting out unsung gyros. Experienced gardeners often use not cutting a top, but pulling it in the right direction with ropes. Only horizontal branches produce a crop.
Sweet cherry has a strong renewal. Instead of one cut branch grows somewhat. Based on this, it is better to remove one old branch than a lot of useless, aimed at the thickening of young shoots.
Pruning works in the fall.
Autumn is considered pruning after leaf fall. How to cut the sweet cherry in the fall depends on growth. Weak branches are cut and growing in the wrong direction.
If you want to cut a thick branch, then you need to do it with a saw, not a shears. Gardeners noticed that autumn slices heal faster with a saw.
In the fall one-year shoots are shortened by a third. Work needs to be done as quickly as possible so that the tree gains strength for the winter.
Cutting the crown of the cherry at any time you need to know that the open wound is the site of the disease. After drying the cut, it must be closed with a garden pitch.
Summer Forming Cherry Pruning - Video from 4 parts of