Rules for the self-installation of gas columns in the apartment
Types of gas heating columns there are only two, but models from different manufacturers on The current market is offered such an amount that the installation of a gas column is preceded by a whole research. Installation rules are easy to learn, but first it makes sense to determine the location of the gas column in the apartment, the degree of it demand, capacity and own ability to install and connect this rather complex and unsafe apparatus.
- 1Column Types
- 2Preparation for work
The main types are two, as already mentioned above, and the choice between a flow and storage gas column is done by you. Take into account that the storage column, although more economical in power consumption, however has a significant volume and weight - due to the tank.
The smaller the capacity filled with heated water, the quicker the cold will flow from the tap - this should be taken into account, especially if there is no main hot water supply in the apartment.
Installation and connection of a storage gas column sufficient for a family of capacity and capacity depends on the place allocated for this purpose. Moreover, in addition to the free section of the wall, there is still need for free access to water supply, gas supply and ventilation.
The flow column is much more compact, but the placement rules are not simplified from this - rather, on the contrary. Of great importance is the trust in the manufacturer - as the automatic switching on / off of the gas burner must be flawless (manual control is possible in the storage devices). Checking the manufacturer's reputation is the first thing you must do before installing a gas column. At the moment, several well-known companies are in the lead:
- German: AEG, Siemens, Vaillant.
- Italian Edisson, Ariston.
Swedish and Finnish speakers, too, keep the brand, but are produced under their own names, to list which makes no sense. Recently, Malaysian and Chinese companies have started to produce reliable water heaters, but they are more likely to use electricity - the cost of "blue fuel" in these countries is higher at order.
Preparation for work
Installation of the gas column does not tolerate fuss and hasty decisions. Ensure the reliability of water pipes, the cleanliness of the ventilation shaft, the presence of gas in the apartment, and you have the skillful hands and the necessary tools. The picture shows a diagram of connecting a gas column in an apartment that does not have its own hot water supply.
The only drawback of the scheme is the absence of a ventilation outlet on it), without which the products of combustion of even the cleanest gas will considerably spoil the atmosphere in the house.
The diagram shows how to properly install the gas column, but here, apparently by default, a column is drawn without external power supply. Electric ignition is present in all models of gas water heaters, but it is carried out in three different ways:
- Manually. Piezoelectric ignition on inexpensive models of the gas column is justified if it is used only during the shutdown of the main water supply. One week in a year it is possible and with the hands to press the necessary button - without overpaying for superfluous automatics.
- Automatic, powered from the outlet. Installation of the outlet and connection of electricity to the device, which is in contact with water and gas, means that its You use your hands and head often, successfully, correctly prioritizing the speed of work and the safety of being in apartment. The grounding must be checked PERSONALLY - in the extreme case, causing the electrician to take both the phase and the "ground" simultaneously.
- Generator ignition. It works automatically when the crane is opened, no external connection is required. Virtually not used by Chinese manufacturers because of instability of water pressure in neighboring countries, but is produced in the form of a separate generating unit, the installation of which remains on their own conscience the buyer.
Correctly install the gas column from the first time you will help a preliminary visit to the building supermarket..
Remember that water and gas valves, tees, adapters, vent pipes and other parts are not included in the scope of supply, and the fasteners do not always correspond to the strength of your walls..
The installation of the gas column also implies the purchase of a gas hose certified specifically for these types of work.
After making sure that all the rules are met, and the task in hand is up to you, remove the outer casing from the water heater and make sure that the marking template matches the available holes. Typically, the installation of the gas column takes place in the bathroom or toilet, so in advance, be preoccupied with buying a drill for tile.
Safely hang a water heater type of storage will help you a couple of silent friends - for it weighs decently, and installation is not a fast thing. Remember that correctly installing the device in place of a dislocation is only a tenth of the task, and the connection itself will take much more time and effort. According to the order, the first item is the installation of the ventilation vent, of which, of course, you have not forgotten about the problems of choosing a gas pipe and tapping the corresponding cranes.
Then follows the screwing of the branch pipe to the corresponding valve on the gas column - unless the house is flooded with your own hands is not included in your plans. In general, it makes sense to make sure that the connection to external communications is carried out under the slogan "We Save Gas and Water - Take Care of Our Nature!" - that is, all incoming cranes should be closed. After the bleeding hose connect the water heater to cold water, then to the gas and only the last turn - to electricity.
We check the reliability of the connections, opening all the valves in turn. Install a water leak is easier - just wrap the place of new mates with napkins for a couple of minutes. With the supply of gas, the issue is a bit of trickery.
If you are sure that with your own hands, carefully and diligently screwed all the required cranes and hoses - take the most common brush or paint brush with bristles and properly soap with a soap solution of the joints. If there are bubbles or foam - it means, it should be remade.
Install a gas column is not easy and troublesome. However, at a price of 320-1600 dollars for the unit itself, paying another two or three hundred installers (we quote the capital costs) for a half-day's work is somewhat offensive. In particular, if you are not the first time picking up a drill, a puncher or a wrench and feel like an active home master..