Most often we grow raspberries with red fruits, but there are varieties with purple, black or yellow berries. Different ripening periods allow you to enjoy the harvest from mid-summer to autumn. Raspberries should not grow in one place for more than four years. But planting raspberries in the fall, transplanting to a new place, caring for saplings is not such a simple process - everything must be done skillfully. Or maybe it is better to do it in the spring?
- Features of planting raspberries in autumn or spring
- Raspberry transplanting, planting care - two ways
- Method one - planting in autumn
- Method two - planting in spring
Usually the berries ripen in the middle of summer on shoots that grew last year. But there are raspberry varieties that produce two crops a year.
Raspberry berries are rich in fiber, contain vitamin A, folic acid, antioxidants, and a lot of minerals. Juice contains vitamin C, and tiny seeds - vitamin E.
Raspberry is very susceptible to viral diseases. For this reason, it is especially important to plant on your site only plants obtained from a completely reliable source.
Raspberry grows better in full sun, but this condition is not always easy to ensure in a small garden and, if necessary, the plant will withstand a little shade. Loves a more acidic soil( pH 6.0-6.5).In alkaline soil will seriously suffer from excess iron and manganese deficiency. The soil should not be dry during flowering and ripening.↑ to the content ↑
Features of planting raspberries in the fall or spring
Too deep planting of raspberries is the most common mistake of gardeners. When planting, the roots should be no more than 8 cm deep. If the seedlings have just arrived from the nursery, then you can see the old level of soil on the stems - this is like an indicator of the correct depth of planting.
The fastest way to plant raspberries is to dig a trench to the width of your shovel. When you install the seedlings in the dug trench, straighten the roots, cut off all damaged parts. Immediately after planting, cut off the shoots, they can be no more than 60 cm high.
In order for you not to get upset because of a lack of harvest, do not grow it in one place for more than four years, and then transplant to a new place. Many gardeners are aware of this. But more often than not, the size of our garden plots is not so large, so all raspberry bushes are immediately transplanted. And next year, the crop usually does not happen. Small, low-cut seedlings with their harvest can please only children who came to visit. In order to get consistently high yield annually, you can use one of the two methods of planting raspberries below.содерж to content ↑
Raspberry transplant, seedling care - two ways↑ to content ↑
Method one - planting in the fall
In the new place in the autumn it is best to plant raspberries after potatoes, onions or tomatoes. Pits for planting are prepared in advance, in fact, a year before planting. At the end of July, it is necessary to dig holes half a meter in depth, width and length. The gap between them should be about the same as their width. Each landing pit should be filled with a bucket of rotted manure, compacted, covered with earth from above. Preliminary, it is advisable to fertilize the earth: 35-40 grams of ammophos, 10 grams of potassium salt or 60-80 grams of wood ash.
The following year we select from the bushes at the end of July and the first half of August, replace shoots or well-developed raspberry offsprings are transplanted to the prepared places taking into account the features of planting described above. After planting, care for raspberries such: the tops of each plant should be cut only 10-15 cm. It is advisable to tie the plants to a peg or trellis. Pour plenty of water into each well( 6-8 liters).A day or two or three raspberry saplings are useful for fertilizing with straw straw rabbit or any other organic fertilizer.
If you do everything in this way, then the frost will take root well. In the first year after planting will give a good harvest.содерж to the content ↑
Method two - landing in the spring
After harvesting, remove the raspberry stalks from the crop, leaving only 1-2 shoots of replacement. In order for them to develop well by the end of the growing season, young shoots must be systematically removed. It is advisable to pierce the ground between the rows of raspberries, spud the bushes, and tie the plants to the trellis. In the soil before hilling should be made dung mulch. If autumn has stood out dry, then the bushes from time to time will have to be watered well.
In the spring, with the onset of heat, the soil with which the raspberry bushes were piled should be leveled, slightly spilled between its rows. As in the first method of planting, the tops of the shoots should be cut to 10-15 cm, and damaged to a healthy place. When the first leaflets unfold, grow a couple of centimeters, around the bush, cut the roots with a full bayonet of a spade and carefully pull the bush out of the ground. Without damaging the young shoots, rhizomes, remove the remnants of old stems. Dip the roots of raspberry bushes in a clay mash. In the pits prepared in the fall in the manner described above planting, plant young plants. In the autumn and spring, take care of the soil, watering the bushes, removing weeds, mulching the ground.
As practice shows, if we compare these two methods of planting and transplanting, then in areas where raspberries were planted with already formed leaves, the yield is much higher.