Many owners of dachas and private households that are not connected to the centralized water supply, know firsthand the problem of supplying water to their homes and homestead lands.
Partially solve it will help submersible pump “Kid”, which, although not a powerful device capable to pump water from artesian wells, but it will fully cope with the water supply from wells, shallow wells and open reservoirs.
Those who are just going to equip an autonomous water supply, as well as users of pumping equipment will be useful to learn about the device, the principle of operation and the rules of operation of the unit. We will describe in detail how to install the “Kid” in the well and ensure its uninterrupted operation.
The content of the article:
- Purpose of a deep vibratorionnik
Overview of the model range of pumps and their differences
- Base model: features and specifications
- Other modifications of the pump “Kid”
- Technical parameters of models
- The device and the principle of operation of the pump
Use and operating rules of the device
- The process of preparing the pump to work
- Specific installation of the instrument in the well
- Ensuring smooth operation
- Maintenance Pumps Kid
- Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Purpose of a deep vibratorionnik
Submersible pumps of the “Kid” series are manufactured by the Russian company Livgidromash, whose history goes back almost seventy years. During this time, more than three million copies of various pumping equipment have been rolled off the factory conveyor.
Despite the wide selection of submersible unitswhich the market offers today, many consumers choose products of Livensky plant. And it is no coincidence that the “Malysh” pumps, due to their good technical characteristics, ease of operation and low cost, stand up to the competition with dignity.
Pump Kid - an affordable and easy-to-maintain unit that allows water to provide summer cottages in which there is no centralized water supply
Small in size (up to 255 mm) and in weight (up to 3.4 kg), the device will do a whole lot of tasks with a bang.
He will provide:
- uninterrupted water supply from wells and wellshaving an internal diameter of 8 - 11 cm, as well as any water bodies with a water temperature not higher than 35 degrees;
- pumping water from open sourceslocated at a distance of more than a hundred meters from the house or suburban area;
- transportation of water from the storage tankand directly into the house water system;
- water reserve formation for abundant watering of plants on open ground or in the greenhouse, for the care of the territory and other economic purposes;
- basement water pumping during their flooding with flood waters;
- filling of country pools and drain the water;
- pumping dirty water from silted or just drilled water intake.
It should be noted that “Baby” can work productively only if the amount of impurities of mechanical particles does not exceed 0.01%. When pumping water from highly silted sources, as well as from rivers with significant sand content, it is necessary to use a filtration system.
The electric pump can be used for emergency pumping out of water from the flooded premises. To avoid mechanical damage, it is necessary to lay a rubber sheet under it.
Overview of the model range of pumps and their differences
There are three main models of the submersible pump, which have minor differences in technical parameters, as well as a different (upper or lower) system of water intake, in connection with which several varies.
Modifications of submersible pumps with the Baby logo are produced with the lower and upper water intake options. Depending on the model, they can work in wells with an internal diameter of 80 to 110 mm.
Base model: features and specifications
The classical pump Kid is issued with the lower water intake thanks to what it:
- most effectively supplies water from open reservoirs located at long distances,
- copes with the drainage of flooded lower floors and basements of buildings,
- can pump out water to the lowest possible level.
At the same time, at the lower location of the nozzles performing the suction of the liquid, particles of sand may get inside the unit, which may cause the device to break. Therefore, it is not recommended to use it in highly polluted water bodies without installing special filters.
The pump the Kid in basic execution is issued with the lower intake of water. To prevent debris from entering the tank, it is recommended to install it at a distance of at least a meter from the bottom of the reservoir (+)
Pump with marked "K", in fact, is the same “Baby”, but with built-in additional thermal protection.
In its case there is a thermal relay, which turns off the device in case of overheating. The model is convenient in that the device can be left to work unattended for a sufficiently long period of time, without worrying that it will burn out.
Device with marked “P” informs that its body is made of plastic, if the marking is absent, it means it is made of aluminum. It is worth noting that the aluminum case, although it is somewhat more expensive, but is more durable and reliable.
It is not uncommon for a plastic case to withstand a load and cracks appear on it. Therefore, the desire to save can lead to the opposite result, and you have to buy a new device.
Other modifications of the pump “Kid”
Other models “Kid-M” and “Baby-3” differ from the classic pump top water intake. At the same time, if the first one is identical in technical characteristics with the base model, then the second one has significant differences. Parameters of all devices are listed below.
The capacity and performance of the pump Kid-M are the same as that of the base model, but it is produced with the upper water intake, so it is suitable for installation in dirty water sources
Units with an upper suction nozzle are usually used to supply water from wells and boreholes.
They can be used in places where pumps with a lower intake are at risk of failure: in heavily polluted water bodies, since during work they do not lift particles from the bottom of the garbage and oozy deposits the system.
In models with the upper fence, the engine is cooled better, due to which the pump does not overheat.
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Pump Brook can be considered a complete analogy of its historical prototype of the Kid. The difference is that there is overheating protection
The Aquarius 3 pump is also thermally protected, but more durable materials are used in the production. It serves for 2 - 3 years more
The technical characteristics and service life of Oasis pumps manufactured in China are similar to those of the Kid.
Cheap vibratory pumps are short-lived, but the small funds invested in them are immaculately working out because they are popular in the CIS countries
Stream Pump - Advanced Vibrator
Upgraded option - vibratorion Aquarius 3
Pumps of Chinese production with the Oasis logo
The inexpensive unit in the easy plastic case
Technical parameters of models
The pumps operate from a normal network of 220 V and can dive to a depth of three meters. When working in marginal wells (with a small volume of water), deeper subsidence is possible.
The performance of all models - 430 l / h, while "Kid" and “Kid-M” have a pressure of 40 m (maximum - 60 m), “Baby-3” - 20 m (maximum - 25 m). When operating without pressure, the capacity is increased to 1500 liters.
Dimensions and power devices also have different indicators. Thus, the power of the basic model and modification with the letter “M” is 240 W, length - 25.5 cm, weight - 3.4 kg.
The power of the Malysh-3 pump is only 185 W, its length does not exceed 24 cm, and its weight is 2 kg; therefore, it is usually used to draw water from shallow wells and wells with an internal diameter of 8 cm.
When buying a pump, you must first familiarize yourself with its technical characteristics and select a model in accordance with the diameter and depth of the well (+)
Another parameter that you should know when buying a device is electrical protection class. By default, all pumps on which this indicator is not indicated have class 2 protection.
The first class is denoted by the Roman numeral I. At the same time, devices of class 2 are equipped with reinforced insulation; a cord with two conductors is included in their package. Class 1 devices are additionally equipped with a three-core cable with grounding.
The device and the principle of operation of the pump
The device of the pump “Kid” is quite simple, it consists of a strong hermetic casing that excludes ingress of fluid, inside of which the electric drive is located, including a core, two coils, an electrical wire, and vibrator.
In the upper (for pumps with the upper water intake) or lower (for devices with the lower intake) of the body located valve that closes the inlet and provides free flow or inflow of water in the absence of pressure.
Vibrating submersible electric pumps with upper water intake last longer and break less, because they are less often clogged with sand and clay slurry in the produced water
The pump is based on the use of alternating current, which under the influence of the shock absorber drives the anchor and the piston, forcing them to perform mechanical oscillatory motion, while pushing the water into the pressure nozzle.
Use and operating rules of the device
Before you start the pump "Kid", you must be familiar with the rules of its safe operation. There are a number of restrictions, in the presence of which the use of the device is strictly prohibited.
- the device must not be used with damaged cord and with increased voltage in the network;
- when the pump is turned on, it is forbidden to shut off the water supply;
- the unit should work no more than twelve hours per day;
- continuous operation should be no more than two hours with a periodic shutdown of twenty minutes.
All restrictions are described in detail in the instructions for the device, with which it is necessary to familiarize yourself in order to avoid unintended consequences.
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Vibration is produced in the CIS - an excellent equipment for pumping water from the well. It is significantly cheaper than pumping stations and drainage units
Inexpensive pumping equipment will work flawlessly for 1-2 years. After active operation, it is changed to a new one.
The vibrating pump together with the drainage box will ideally clean the bottom of the well from sediments: the first one stirs up the water, the second pumps it out
Structurally simple vibration pumps are easy to repair with your own hands, spare parts can always be found in the free market.
The best option for working in the well
Device at a budget cost
Kid in cleaning the bottom of the well
Simplicity of design and maintainability
The process of preparing the pump to work
For work, you will need a flexible rubber or similar elastomeric hose having an internal diameter of at least 18 mm. Smaller hoses are not recommended because they create an extra load on the device.
It is possible to use plastic or metal pipes for water supply, but in any case they should be connected to the pump only through a drain with a minimum length of 2 m.
Vibrating submersible pumps are attached to the two eyes with a nylon cord (1). The hose is attached to the outlet with an elastic clip (2)
The hose is attached to the outlet of the device with a clamp. If the vibration pump is supposed to be used in winter, then to prevent freezing and ensure free flow of fluid, a small 1.5 mm hole must be made in the hose next to the housing. In summer, the hole can be closed with tape.
Then on the pump eyes fix the nylon cord with a length of 10 m, which is included in the package. To increase the length, you can use a wire, connecting it to the nylon cord.
However, it is impossible to fasten the wire or metal cable directly to the submersible unit - this is fraught with breakage of the mounting holes.
It is necessary to calculate in advance the distance from the outlet to the water source. Depends on this how long the cable will need to connect the vibration pump. The kid is equipped with a power cord with a length of 6-40 m, its exact length is indicated in the instructions.
Thus, from the pump should go three cords: electrical wire, rubber hose and nylon cable. They need to be interconnected in several places with scotch tape with an interval of 100-200 cm. Moreover, the first connection should be no more than 20 cm from the device.
Flexible hoses are recommended for connecting the pump to the water supply. In the absence of acceptable use of polymer and steel pipes. In order to accurately mark the depth of the pump into the source, you can mark it on the hose with tape or colored tape
Specific installation of the instrument in the well
During operation, the pump vibrates. It is not excluded that it comes into contact with the walls of a casing or a narrow well, which will inevitably lead to damage to the casing and damage to equipment.
To avoid this before install pump and immerse the unit in water, it is necessary to put on a rubber ring, which absorbs possible shocks and will serve as an additional body protection.
The pump must be lowered into the water and properly set, it should hang exactly without touching the walls. On top of the well set the bar, which is attached to the suspension of durable elastic material. Suspension is necessary to reduce vibration during operation of the device.
As a material, you can use a piece of rubber hose or a medical plait. The upper end of the cable is connected to the suspension, creating a good tension. But for an electric wire over-tension is absolutely not necessary, it should be free to lie on the bar.
The pump is suspended in water to a depth not exceeding three meters from the highest point of its body (+)
The new pump “Kid” is completely ready for operation, it does not need to be filled with water and lubricated before use. If the device used has 1 protection class, outlet must be grounded. The device can be turned on immediately after immersion in a well or reservoir.
The distance from the bottom to the housing for devices with a lower water intake must be at least one meter. A submersible pump with an overhead suction nozzle can be lowered significantly lower, but in any case its body should not touch the bottom to avoid damage during operation.
The diagram shows the options for installing the pump in the casing and in an open source of water. In the second case, you can do without spring suspension (+)
In the event that water is pumped from shallow water bodies, as well as when pumping out flooded basements, the pump can be lowered to the bottom. The body must first be wrapped with a thick cloth or put a sheet of rubber under the unit.
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A narrow wellbore is not very suitable for pumping water out of it by a vibrating pump. Production is considered suitable if the casing inner diameter is more than 110 mm.
Unprotected vibratorionnik may contact during operation with the walls, because of which the connections are depressurized and the pump fails.
For safe operation of the pump, the Kid in the borehole, its diameter should be 10 to 12 cm larger than the diameter of the unit. On the case of the device wear protective rings from a hose or an elastomer rolled up
This device will extinguish the blows of the pump against the wellbore, but due to the constant contact of the ring it is necessary to change it. Replacement takes place after 100 - 150 hours of operation.
Installation of the pump Kid in the well
The consequences of working in the well
Device to protect the pump
Replacement of protective rings of the pump Kid
Ensuring smooth operation
In order for “Kid” to work without interruption and as long as possible, it is necessary to monitor the network voltage. When electricity jumps, the device must be immediately turned off. Also need control the quality of pumped waterSince the common cause of equipment failure is the ingress of sand and particles of debris into the mechanism.
Many people think that this problem can be solved by installing a pump with a top water intake. However, clogging of the device often occurs not only due to the ingress of bottom sediments into it, dirty water can also cause breakages.
To protect the submersible pump, it is advisable to install a filter that retains the smallest particles and prevents them from penetrating inside the tank. Simple filtering device can do it yourself.
The use of the filter will not only prolong the life of the unit, but also ensure the supply of better quality water that is free from any impurities.
The figure shows how the filter is installed on the pump Kid with the lower intake. For domestic devices suitable filter EFPS-St-38-125, which detains particles up to 150 microns
Maintenance Pumps Kid
In order for the pump to serve for a long time and properly, it is necessary to observe the operating and storage conditions recommended by the manufacturer. In this case, the manufacturer guarantees its normal operation for two years. The pump does not require complicated maintenance and care, and it will not be difficult to follow simple rules.
After the first installation of the device in the well, you need to let it work for one to two hours, and then remove and carefully inspect the case and components for troubleshooting. If everything is normal, then the vibration pump can be put in place and used further, leaving it immersed in water for a long time.
Periodically, at least once every three months, and if there is a possibility, then every hundred hours of work, you should also inspect the unit. If at the same time traces of friction are found on the body, it means that it was installed incorrectly and in contact with the walls of the water intake.
To avoid this, it is necessary to expose it evenly and put on the body an additional rubber ring.
If the inlets are blocked, they must be carefully cleaned without damaging the rubber valve. For cleaning it is best to use a tool with a blunt end.
If the pump is not used in winter, it must be pulled out of the well, rinsed and dried well. When storing the unit should be placed away from heating devices, as well as protect from direct sunlight.
If at observance of recommendations of the manufacturer there is a breakdown due to reasons beyond the user's control, the pump should be taken to a service center. The list of popular breakdowns of the “Kid” pump and ways to eliminate them are described in this article.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
How to choose a submersible pump “Kid”, and what points to pay attention to when buying, you will learn from this video:
How to improve the pump, tells the following video:
How to perform routine inspection and maintenance of the device can be found here:
The submersible pump “Kid” is a convenient and inexpensive household appliance, easy to use and easy to maintain. Of course, due to its small capacity, it is not able to provide full-fledged water supply to a private house, and, in fact, no one puts such tasks before it.
An inexpensive vibratorionnik perfect for seasonal use. He will be a real helper in the suburban areas. So, with the help of "Baby" you can organize the irrigation of plants and the supply of water from wells, wells or open reservoirs.
Have experience in installing or using the “Kid” pump? Please share information with our readers, tell us about the specifics of the work of the unit. You can leave comments and ask questions in the form below.