Cherry is a tasty and healthy berry. Having one bush in the garden, the gardener eventually has a desire to increase the quantity. In order not to buy new seedlings, it can be propagated and grown. BreedingOvergrowth of
method Using cuttings when planting
in summer or autumn It is not difficult to propagate cherries by cutting. If you follow some of the rules and conditions, then you can achieve good results , and get a few new cherry bushes without buying it.
In the summer, cut the cuttings from the cherry. Cuttings need to be harvested in the morning or evening. They should be hardened and reddened. The upper section is above the kidney, and the lower section passes under the kidney with a distance of 1 cm .Cuttings are 30 cm. All undeveloped leaves should be removed. Cut the cuttings into the water.
Prepare a place for rooting cuttings. To make the process go the best way, you need:
- Dig the site for landing.
- Make a bed.
- On the beds dig a groove.
- Pour drainage to the bottom( coarse sand, pebbles are suitable for drainage).
- Put a fertile layer of soil on the drainage layer( mix the soil with humus, add superphosphate, wood ash and nitrogen fertilizers).
Now proceed to the planting of the prepared cuttings of cherry. It should be planted with a distance of 8-10 cm. At a depth of 3 cm. Place the handle vertically. This is best done in the evening.
At the first landing time, it is recommended to water it and air it from time to time. After two weeks, the seedlings will have roots. Two weeks later, the cuttings rooted completely. Continue caring for young bushes until next spring. Care is weeding, loosening and watering.
It is possible to propagate cherry cuttings not only by planting in a country house in the ground, but also at home .To do this, take a tank of sufficient depth. Fill them with loose soil. Plant the prepared cuttings in the tank. Cover planting film or other capacity, but transparent. To hold a film until the shank completely takes roots. Please note that the landing must be aired.
Many gardeners use a grafting or budding method for breeding cherries. It is used in the case to get varietal cherries.
In order for the budding to be successful, wild seedlings are taken or the rootstock is grown from seed itself. Age of bushes should be 2 years. Graft bushes in the springtime .Shoots for vaccination cut in the northern regions in late autumn. In the southern areas, just before grafting. The period from June 20 to July 15 is considered the best time for budding.
Cut branches from young trees .The segments must be at least 35 cm. The segments must be placed in warm water. With segments cut with a sharp knife to cut eyes with buds. Vaccination is carried out better according to the method of improved budding, that is, in the butt with the tongue.
Budding works are carried out in cloudy weather. At the end of the crescent, check for survival and loosen the dressing. In the winter, in order to protect the place of budding from freezing, it is necessary to roll up to the place of inoculation.
In early spring, cut grafted rootstocks. Leave spike. It is tied up escape from germinating buds. Tie a process at the very beginning of growth, then after half a month. In early July, the thorn is trimmed completely. During the summer season, they continue to care for the grafted seedlings:
- Loosen the ground around the bushes.
- Weed Weeded.
- Watered regularly.
Good results are obtained by grafting cherries on cherries. So obtained excellent varieties Sasha, Kuban, Miracle Cherry, Hope, Poppy, South, Dessert Morozova.
Reproduction of seeds( seeds)
Some varieties of cherries can be grown out of pits. They will also bear fruit, as well as parent varieties. Some grown seedlings can serve as a stock for grafting other varieties of .How to grow a cherry from the stone?
Mature berries are selected for planting. The bones are peeled and washed in water. After the seeds are dried. Ossicles planted into the ground at the end of September .Therefore, in order to preserve the planting time, place the seeds in wet sand and place in a cool place.
For planting seeds, prepare the beds in advance. Dig the soil. Remove weeds. Add fertilizer. Now proceed to sowing. The bones are placed in the ground at a depth of 3-4 cm. From above pour a layer of peat 5 cm.
If the bones of the cherry are sown in spring, they must undergo the stratification of .This period is 200 days. For stratification, place the seeds in the sand. Moisten and place in the cellar at a temperature of + 5-6 degrees. If the cellar is not available, dig a trench 60-80 cm deep. Place seeds on the bottom and cover it with peat. Ready bones are determined by cracking or breaking along the seam.
Sow such seeds in early spring to a depth of 5-6 cm. .The bones are seated with a distance of between 3-5 cm and 30 cm between rows.
Planting should be covered with a layer of humus or peat. Further care is watering, loosening and weeding.
During the growth of the bush, remove the side branches that grow on the lower shoots. These branches are removed so that in the future they do not interfere with budding.
With the onset of autumn, saplings carefully dig out .If possible, try not to damage the root system. A few days before digging, scour the leaves with seedlings.
Sort seedlings into categories:
- The first category of is the root neck with a diameter of 7-9 mm.
- The second category of is 5–7 mm root collar thickness.
- The third category or marriage is - include seedlings with a root collar thickness of less than 5 mm.
Seedlings prune the roots. Leave 10-12 cm. In order for them to survive until spring, you need to prikopat in a trench. Set should be in an inclined position. With the onset of spring, plant the seedlings at a permanent place, .
Reproduction overgrowth of the root system.
Crop reproduction overgrowth is considered one of the easiest ways. In this way, gardeners from the Urals and Siberia are most often used. Trees grown in this way have the ability to recover faster after freezes. These plants have a higher winter hardiness.
To avoid overgrowth of unnecessary bushes, for breeding, shoots of varietal or own-rooted shrubs are taken for breeding. In such cherries from the shoots will grow plants similar to the parent.
The disadvantage of growing cherries from seedlings is that they begin to fructify later on .Weediness overgrown between rows. But despite all the shortcomings, this method is simple in reproduction and it is possible to get excellent, winter-hardy plants.
Choose a shrub that has fewer sprouts around. Among her, choose a developed and strong, which is 1-2 years. Older plants should not be taken because they feed on the mother bush and, as a result, a weak root system. It is also not suitable growth, which is located closer than 1 m.
Cut off the root that comes from the mother bush. Leave the shrub in place until it has its own powerful root system. The above-ground part should be shortened by about part. During the growing season fertilize a couple of times. Requires regular watering. The following year, plants with a strong root system are transplanted to a permanent , and the rest, the weaker ones grow.
layering. Layering is the rooted aboveground part of an plant. Reproduction by layering is simple and accessible to any gardener, even a beginner. There are two ways. The first method of is vertical layering. The second is horizontal.
The first way
. To propagate cherries in this way, must be cut off the aerial part of the bush .This procedure is done when the bush is at rest.
. After the shoots start to grow, they begin to spud. On these shoots in the soil will grow roots. Spud need several times until the height of the mound reaches 15-20 cm .A year later, separate the rooted cuttings from the mother bush and transplant to a permanent place.
The second method is
. For reproduction by horizontal layering, take a branch and gently bend it to the ground. That she did not take its original position, it should be attached to the ground with a fork-shaped stud. Place the pinning point by filling it with soil and pour it on the .Further care is watering, feeding and weeding.
From the above, it is clear that to propagate cherries is very simple and affordable, for every gardener of .Moreover, there are several breeding methods and one of them can choose one that is easier to work with.