Careful care for violet at home

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Violettook a worthy place not only on window sills. There is a club of fans of these plants, which breed hybrid beauty with fabulous beauty, arrange exhibitions and share their experience in caring for violets at home. Species are represented by thousands of varieties registered and still in breeding, many well-known, but not included in the registry. Often these are hybrids, resulting in random selection.

Varieties of violets

Violets or Saintpaulias are a rosette of leaves without a central stem, with a large number of medium-sized flowers with petals of simple and fancy shapes. Color of flower petals, leaves varied. The shape of the outlet from simple to strongly terry. Patterned lace plants are decorative not only on the window sills. They create compositions on the kitchen apron, racks. Subject to compliance with care, the plant will decorate the most modest dwelling.

Violets and related beliefs and folk signs

When growing violets at home, it is believed that these plants strengthen the physical condition of the inhabitants and their health.

Violets ascribed the property to drive from the dwelling of ants. They create a field of luck in the house and reassure unbalanced people. If the violet died, it is believed that she took on the host disease. And if someone from the household is sick, then the violet fades away, dividing the torment of the person.

Such signs make the care of the plant that has settled in the house responsible, as the blooming violet will be an indicator of a healthy family.

The color of the inflorescences also matters:

  • purple flowers are an indicator of love and mutual understanding;
  • blue flowers flourish in a creative atmosphere;
  • red warns against excessive mercantile spirit;
  • white color brings harmony, removes negativity and suffering;
  • pink flower on the window of a lonely person calls to create a pair.
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Delicate flower requires a careful attitude to yourself, not only poking a finger into the ground, but stop, talk, lovingly touch the leaf. The unloved flower will wither and die from the lack of a simple morning greeting. You can rid the flower of negative energy by turning the pots from time to time on the other side to light.

Violet planting and care at home

If you decide to start violet, you should take into account its preferences. The flower loves bright light, but does not tolerate direct sunlight. Violet loves wet soil, but without stagnation of water, does not like excessive air humidity and does not tolerate spraying of the leaf blade. It can only be cleaned under a shower, but after a rare procedure, a dry plant should be taken out, without droplets of water on the leaves. Water for irrigation should always be warm and separated. Moderate watering through the pan is considered convenient and favorable for the root system.

Draft from the vents violet does not like as well as the warm air from the heater, fan. She can not stand the lack of love and peace in the house and inattention to themselves. If the desire to start violet only strengthened, then we are preparing to receive a new family member.

Soil Requirements

The maintenance of indoor violets begins with the preparation of the correct substrate and container for the plant. For planting, an acidic composition is taken, including peat, dried peat moss, leaf sand and charcoal. Moreover, moss and coal should not be more than 10% of the total composition of the main ingredients:

  • peat - 3 volumes;
  • leaf ground - 5 volumes;
  • sand large river - 1 part.

Experts advise to add perlite and vermiculite to peat, which contribute to the retention of moisture in light soil. Poor composition requires the addition of nutrition in the growth process. Once a year, a solution of humate is added in winter, spring and autumn, they make mineral dressings with special liquid fertilizer for saintpaulia. The condition is to prevent overfeeding, the soil should remain lean at all times.

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In order for a clod of earth not to turn sour, it must be sufficient for the development of roots, but without excesses. So, for an adult plant, a cup with a height and a diameter of 10 cm is enough, while its lower part should consist of drainage filling.

Until the root system fills the pot with soil, the plant will not bloom. For breeding, the first dish may be 6 cm in diameter. The drain hole everywhere must be large enough. The plant is transplanted once every three years, and it is not necessary to change the capacity of the pot; you can only change the ground, carefully cleaning the roots as much as possible.


Reproduction and transplanting violets

Planting and caring for violet at home begins with the production of a young plant. Reproduction can be conducted:

  • leaves;
  • cuttings;
  • seed;
  • rooting peduncle.

The simplest, most often used method is leaf rooting. Before rooting, the cut of the leaflet should be updated, while making it diagonally on the leaf with a disinfected instrument and lowering the cut into water until callus and roots form.

When the length of the roots is 4-7 cm, the leaf can be rooted, covered up from excessive evaporation and wait for the results to appear. Appeared small plants as they grow up are seated in separate containers. Such plants will bloom with good care after a year.

Hybrid violets, called chimeras, can only be propagated by stepsons and peduncles that transmit maternal qualities. The stepson can be separated from the main outlet with the help of sewing and rooted immediately in a peat tablet.

Read also: Photo with the names of varieties of saint violets( part 2)

When transplanting plants, you must make sure that the root system is healthy. The roots of the plant are white, lively and fill the entire capacity. When taken out of a conical cache, retain its shape. This is the basis for one of the methods of watering a plant, for which an external pillow is being soaked through a filter. For this, a well-designed plant is arranged in a larger pot with a wet substrate in a special nest.

Revision of the root system is to remove all brown dead roots. Leave only bright live healthy roots. With this treatment, the plant can be washed in water, and the roots straighten and plant in a prepared pot. If the rot eaten root, clean the plant to a living tissue, sprinkle with activated charcoal and dry, and then re-root in water or in moss, which has antibacterial properties.

Plants feel good in summer at temperatures up to 25, in winter at 18-20.Dry air should be about 50%.The plant requires a year-round day duration of at least 10 hours, and during periods of flowering local lighting fluorescent lamps.

If watering is done through a drip tray, then excess water should be drained. When watering in the pot, do not wet the leaves. In the summer, water is watered every day, in winter - 2 times a week. The young plant will bloom in a year, not earlier.

If properly cared for, a photo of violets at home will be a reward.

Plants usually bloom for about 2 months, with flowers that have faded and have lost their decorative effect and need to be plucked.

A plant will not bloom if its maintenance conditions are violated or if parasites or diseases are created in the bush. Enemies need to know in person and be able to deal with them.

How to grow violets at home - video

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