Pepper is a one-year crop belonging to the Solanaceae family. There are more than two thousand species of this plant. Its fruits contain vital minerals for man, carotene, and also a storehouse of vitamin C. Pepper helps to normalize pressure, strengthens the immune system, improves the gastrointestinal tract, and gives the skin a healthy color. Also pepper pleases with a variety of tastes: bitter, sweet, sour, sour-sweet, etc.
A distinctive feature of this vegetable is disease resistance, which allows it to grow peppers in any soil. Previously, this heat-loving plant was planted only in the southern regions. Today, using covering materials, they successfully grow the best varieties of pepper in Siberia and the Urals. To get a good harvest, you need to choose the right variety, which will be "comfortable" in this particular area. For planting fit early and mid-season peppers.
What are the best varieties of peppers for Siberia?
Early ripe pepper varieties have been bred for a fairly cold Siberian region. For several decades, this healthy product has been successfully grown here. Adhering to the rules of care, planting crops and performing all agrotechnical activities, gardeners take out a crop that does not disappoint them. Before planting the seeds of peppers for Siberia, you must purchase packaging, which indicates that the variety is for this region.
The following early varieties are most suitable for harsh climates:
- Gingerbread Man. Very compact early ripe grade. It is grown in open ground and in film shelter. On undersized bush ripen 3-4-chamber fruits with delicate pulp, 8-9 millimeters thick. The weight of one pepper is 80-90 grams. Pepper conquers with its taste, both fresh and canned. The grade is removed in the Moldavian scientific research institute.
- Topolyn. The variety is distinguished by high-quality and very large fruits. Their weight can reach 150 grams. Fruiting occurs in 110 days. Fruits are conical in shape, dark red in color with thin walls. Tall bushes are grown on the trellis, forming in two stalks, undersized - in standard form, not tying. Pepper Topoline is disease-resistant, therefore it has a high overall yield of 40–50 t / ha.
A harsh continental climate with a short summer reigns in Siberia. Therefore, at vegetable experimental stations, varieties adapted to the local climate are displayed. They are middle-ripening, ripen in 95-120 days with high yields.
Breeders offer hybrid the best varieties of peppers for Siberia:
- The firstborn of Siberia - mid-season sweet pepper, bred at the West Siberian Vegetable Experiment Station. The height of the bush is 40-45 centimeters, the length of the fruits is 9 centimeters, the wall thickness is 8-10 millimeters, the average fruit weight is 49-53 grams. Red or yellow pyramidal pepper with sweet juicy pulp. The harvest can be collected in 100-110 days at the rate of 3.5-4 kg / m2.
- The early Novosibirsk variety has been selected for cultivation in protected areas in the Central Siberian Botanical Garden. Typically, pepper seeds in Siberia are sown in February. After a couple of months, the sprouts are transplanted into the greenhouse soil. Fruits ripen in 95-100 days, yield - 3.5-4 kg / m2.On the bush, up to 100 centimeters high, are bright red single fruits, weighing 50-58 grams. The thickness of the pulp of such peppers is from 4 to 6 millimeters.
- A very promising variety of mid-seasoned Siberian pepper, related to the sweet pepper variety for Siberia. This is a low bush( an average of 60 centimeters) with the fruits of a cuboid shape. Even under adverse conditions, the fruits are tied up and you can collect 6-7 kilograms per square meter. Fruits are red, fleshy, large, 100-150 grams each, tolerate transportation well. From shoots of sprouts to technical ripeness, 115-118 days pass. Pepper is recommended for cultivation in heated and unheated, as well as in winter greenhouses. The variety is listed in the State Register of the Russian Federation
What are the best varieties of peppers for the Urals?
In the Urals, it is customary to grow peppers in the open field, but under a film cover or in an unheated greenhouse. Seedlings are planted at the end of May: in the greenhouse - the numbers 20-25, in the open ground - May 25-30.Despite the capricious and harsh weather, the vegetable growers of the mountainous region each year are pleased with numerous varieties of peppers for the Urals. Early varieties always have time to “give” the harvest in summer, since they ripen, on average, in three months.
Early ripening varieties include:
- Montero. This is a sweet pepper with a height of 100-120 centimeters with prism-shaped red fruits. Its fruits reach a mass of 240-260 grams, the record weight of the fruit - 940 grams. The wall thickness is about 7 millimeters. The variety has excellent taste and unpretentiousness. It can be grown in all types of greenhouses. Gather 7-16 kilograms of pepper per square meter.
- Merchant. For ripening fruits need a little more than two months. On the bushes appear peppers weighing about 70 grams with fleshy walls - 5-7 millimeters. The yield of the variety Merchant is 2-3 kg / m2.Pepper has a high content of ascorbic acid.
- Pioneer. Bred in the Ukrainian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable and Melon-Growing in 1987, recommended for cultivation on the Ural lands. Early ripe vegetables need 116-135 days to ripen. The height of the culture is 70 centimeters, the fruit is a red cone with a sharp tip. Pepper weighing 55 grams, wall thickness - 4 millimeters. The harvest, though low, is 0.8 kg / m2, but in open ground.
- Winnie the Pooh - a variety of early pepper.110 days pass from germination to fruit ripening. The plant is compact, low - 30 centimeters. By the end of the season a lot of small red cones appear in the bouquet. Fruits ripen almost simultaneously.
From the mid-ripening varieties of peppers for the Urals can be identified:
- Bogatyr - the mid-season variety of sweet peppers. It is the most adapted plant for local weather conditions. Despite the constant fluctuations in temperature and lack of lighting, the Bogatyr fruits reach a weight of 180 grams and a length of 18 centimeters. This kind of housewife loves to harvest for the winter, as in canned form, it remains as juicy and sweet as fresh. Grown in greenhouses, tunnels, open ground.
- Red and yellow bulls. These unpretentious giants got their names because of the large size and color. The average weight of the pepper is 200 grams, the fruits of the Red Bull can be 400 grams. Both varieties are thin-walled, pepper length up to 20 centimeters. Bushes sag under the weight and the number of fruits, so they tie up.
If, in addition to sweet pepper, they grow bitter, another greenhouse is prepared for seedlings, otherwise the pollen will be carried by the wind, and the sweet pepper will have a bitter aftertaste. It is possible to plant a hot pepper in a flower garden, then the whole summer of the flowerbed will be filled with red fruits. Harvest bitter pepper with only five bushes, enough for the whole year for a family of four.
In addition to the above, the best varieties of pepper for Siberia and the Urals include Triton, Kudesnik, United, Yantar, Buratino, Aries, Dawn, Alyonushka, Anlita, Bagheera, Leader of the Redskins, Swallow and others.