- №1. Hammocks: from Indians to modern times
- №2. Types of hammocks
- No. 3. Suspended hammock
- №4. Frame hammock
- №5. Hammock-swing
- №6. Armchair-hammock
- №7. Hammock for children
- №8. Hammock fabrication material
- №9. Load, capacity and dimensions
- №10. What else to consider when choosing a hammock?
- №11. Choose a place for a hammock
Hammock - a symbol of relaxation and relaxation. It allows you to soar in the air and slowly sway, which calms and relaxes. In a hammock, you can sleep, read a book, admire the world around you, drink tea or just dream about your own - the main thing is that the hammock itself is comfortable, and after lying in it nothing hurts. To ensure that the result meets expectations, it is important at least in general terms to imagine which hammock is better to choose for a summer residence, and which would be more appropriate at home. We deal with the main types, designs, materials and sizes.
№1. Hammocks: from Indians to modern times
The invention of hammocks is attributed to the Indians of South America. Suspended beds they came up with to save themselves from snakes, but soon it turned out that their invention was also incredibly comfortable for sleeping. Sailors who discovered America, appreciated all the advantages of a hammock and almost immediately began to use it on ships, since it less sunk. With the sailors, the invention reached Europe and spread all over the world.
Today hammocks are used in all corners of the planet, and in some countries there are own traditions of its manufacture. So, for example, in Brazil it is customary to create hammocks made of cotton and Brazilian walnut wood, decorate the product with fringe. In Colombia, for the production of hammocks, vines and bark of agave are used, products are stained with natural dyes, and legends say that Colombian hammocks are the strongest and strongest, since in Colombia they know and use secret technology. Soviet huts usually used mesh hammocks, which were not very comfortable, but extremely budgetary.
Modern designers with special love refer to hammocks and are constantly pleased with the improved designs, unthinkable ideas and colors. Hammocks are becoming more and more convenient and functional, turning into a stylish addition of a summer cottage and a city apartment.
№2. Types of hammocks
By design, all the hammocks are divided into two types:
In addition, today the sale ofHammocks-swings, armchairs-hammocks and children's hammocks- these are products that are worth considering separately. To determine which hammock for a summer residence or a house is best suited, you must carefully weigh the advantages and disadvantages of each option.
No. 3. Suspended hammock
Suspended hammock - this is a real classic. This bed is attached to two supports. At the cottage, such supports are usually trees, but if there are no suitable supports, then pre-installed and securely concreted pillars can be used. In apartments this type of hammock is attached to the ceiling or walls.
Suspended hammockscan have strapsat the ends of the box or does without them. Models without slats are cheap, easy to fold, take up a minimum of space and are transported without problems, and many compare these hammocks with a cradle, as they literally envelop the sleeper. On the other hand, these models are usually designed for only one person and not everyone will be comfortable. The presence of the strips allows you to make the hammock cloth more tense. To understand which hammock will be more comfortable and suitable, it is better to arrange a practical test.
The general advantages of hanging hammocks include:
- a small price;
- compact and easy to transport;
- big variety;
- simplicity of installation.
TOconscarry the big risk to fall out from a hammock and gradual squeezing of a cloth under weight of the person. On the convenience of different models can be very different. Some hammocks of this type canto be equipped with mosquito nettingso that you can spend the summer in the open air. In addition, in addition you can buy special fasteners, which allow you to increase the range between the supports and protect the trees from damage.
№4. Frame hammock
Frame hammocks are universal constructions, which are suitable for use both in the country and in the room. No support is required to look for, as the hammock rests on the finished frame. The latter can be made of metal or wood. Frame hammocks can be placed anywhere, butdepending on the design features they are:
Stationary modelsmore stable and thorough, weigh a lot, so the place for them must be carefully chosen. Hammock for a summer house with a skeleton canto be equipped with a canopy, a side table,mosquito net and other additions. An invariable success is enjoyed by stationary frame hammocks and in apartments. They are used as a place of rest (sometimes as an extra bed) and put in bedrooms, offices, on the loggias and in the living rooms. On sale there are variations of imaginable and unimaginable design, different sizes and colors.
Demountable hammockswin on mobility, but lose in reliability. They, as a rule, have a metal frame. Such a hammock can be moved from place to place and transported from home to the dacha.
General advantages of frame hammocks:
- the ability to install anywhere, independent of the location of trees, no need to additionally mount the pillars;
- higher safety and practicality in comparison with hanging hammocks;
- the frame allows you to stretch the fabric more evenly, so the sense of being in the bag disappears;
- reliability in operation;
- huge variety in terms of design, design and size.
The average price for hammocks with a frame is higher than for hanging models, and this is their onlyflaw.
The distance between supports must be at least 3 m, and the preferred material is aluminum and stainless alloys, if it is planned to operate outdoors, as they are as resistant to negative effects as possible environment. For the house you can choose a hammock both with a wooden frame and with a metal one - it all depends on the interior and style.
A hammock-swing is, more likely, an option for dachas. In residential areas, such structures are used extremely rarely. The key feature of the design is only one point of support, all the cables and ropes converge at one point and are attached to a tree or a beam. The size of the bed can be anything. Small hammocks, cradles suitable for children, and if they have a canopy, then in general will become a cozy shelter for kids. There are very large diameter hammocks, swings, they are intended for rest of the company, can be supplemented by pillows, canopies, a canopy. The main thing in this case is to find a firm support.
A hammock of similar design can be installed in a rest area or in a child's corner. The convenience and comfort of hammocks-swings are indisputable, but they are not cheap.
The armchair hammock usually has a skeleton structure, but it can be suspended and attached to tree trunks in the dacha or to the ceiling in the apartment. From the usual hammocks such models differ only in the form of the bed. In this hammock it will be convenient to read a book, work with a computer, knit, drink tea and chat with friends.
Summer versions of such structures are often supplemented with a canopy. Armchair-hammock - this is the most common version of the hammock for the house: it takes up little space, looks unusually fresh and still works reliably in operation and gives comfort. Often, such hammocks become adornment of loggias (even small ones), children's rooms, living rooms and bedrooms. For a house it's better to take a frame hammock, so as not to add an extra load to the floors.
№7. Hammock for children
Hammocks for children are not much different from adult models, but manufacturers allot them in a separate category. Such products have reduced sizes, bright design, the most safe and comfortable design, are made of natural materials. Often additional side protections are added for added protection. The bottom of children's hammocks differs ergonomic form that the child was comfortable to be in it, and from rest there were no negative consequences in the form of problems with health. Withstand such hammocks about 40 kg and, as a rule, get protection against turning over. They are used both at the dacha and at home.
№8. Hammock fabrication material
For the comfort of rest on the hammock meets, for the most part, the material of manufacture: even the most thoughtful and reliable design will not save, if the bed will sag, puncture, bite and will not allow convenient to get settled.
According to the material of manufacture, the hammocks are divided into:
Mesh hammocks, once very popular, are now used less and less. The main advantage is a low price, but even it does not save such designs. The mesh box can withstand small loads, is short-lived and not very convenient, since the mesh begins to drip strongly into the skin after 10 minutes of lying down. If the budget is limited, and the hammock at the dacha is still used, you can slightly increase the convenience of the mesh hammock allowing a mattress.
Wicker hammocksmore durable, durable and comfortable, but under one condition - weaving should be very dense. Among the woven hammocks, the most popular are:
- hammocks made of rattanbeautiful, durable, withstand up to 130 kg, resistant to sun and moisture, flexible and elastic. The price is high, and with a sharp change in weather, rattan can dry up. Hammocks from artificial rattan of this lack are deprived and cost more cheaply;
- hammocks from brazil nut- it's expensive exotics, which has a record strength, resistance to temperature changes and negative weather phenomena. Wood undergoes serious processing, so hammocks from it are very expensive;
- vineUsed for hammocks, which are located under a canopy or in an apartment. It is durable, beautiful and durable products.
The most popularfabric hammocks, they are optimally balanced in price and quality, differ in the mass of the most different colors. That's just what hammock is better to choose from natural or synthetic fabrics? Most often in production use:
- cotton. These are comfortable hammocks, which easily take the form of a resting person and have a pleasant to the touch surface. The material well passes air, does not cause allergies and demonstrates good strength (withstands up to 160 kg). The disadvantages include fear of moisture and a high risk of mold, if not to dry the material in time. Cotton rumples, can shrink after washing and burns in the sun, so the best place for a cotton hammock in the shade of trees, on a covered terrace or indoors;
- sackcloth- durable, cheap material, lets in air, is not afraid of the sun, but has a sticky surface and can rot. It is best to lay a piece of soft cloth on top;
- linen- durable wear-resistant natural material that breathes, does not cause allergies, well takes the form of lying. Of the minuses, a large shrinkage after washing and difficulty in ironing;
- parachute silkhas a soft surface, breathes, it is light and durable, wear-resistant, is not afraid of moisture, but is afraid of sunlight. For hammocks, this is one of the best options;
- mattress tick- dense, durable and soft fabric that absorbs moisture well, dries quickly and does not cause allergies. In the care of the material unpretentious, but still often for a long time to leave in the rain is not recommended;
- canvas, canvas and camouflage clothoften used to make tourist hammocks, peculiar tents, soaring in the air. The materials are durable and withstand any external phenomena, but they are rough to the touch;
- awning fabricstrong and resistant to wear, is not afraid of moisture and sun, but does not let in air and is less pleasant to the body than natural counterparts;
- nylon and polyesterhave almost the same properties. They are strong, moisture-resistant and ultraviolet synthetic fabrics, but they do not breathe and have a slightly stiffer surface than cotton or linen.
№9. Load, capacity and dimensions
Everyone who is going to choose a hammock for a dacha or a house should know well where the product will stand, for what purposes it will be used, and who will rest on it. From this depends not only the type of construction and material, but also its parameters:
- maximum loaddifferent materials are different. The hammock made of parachute silk can easily withstand 150-200 kg, from Brazil nuts - up to 180 kg, from cotton - up to 160 kg, from rattan - up to 130 kg, and from synthetic fabrics - up to 120 kg. The grid withstands 80-100 kg. These are all the values of the maximum load, but most models are designed for operation with a load of 100-120 kg;
- capacity of a hammockdirectly depends on the quality of the supports, fixtures and material. Hammocks are usually divided into children's (up to 80 kg), adults (120 kg) and family (200 kg);
- Dimensionscan be very different. The standard for a single hammock is a length of 2 m and a width, m, but there may be much more spacious models.
It is better to take a hammock with a margin of safety.
№10. What else to consider when choosing a hammock?
To buy a really comfortable hammock, which will become a place of rest and relaxation, when selecting, pay attention to such details:
- in quality products, the rope is a continuation of the canvas, and not just sewn to it;
- if the design has bars, then they should be of the same width as the bed;
- Hammock should not turn into a cocoon, from which it is difficult to get out and in which it is difficult to get into;
- carabiners, dowels, anchors and other fasteners must be strong and strong;
- give preference to natural materials, if possible.
Not bad ones have recommended suchmanufacturers of hammocks:
- La Siesta, Amazonas, Arlio, Snugpak, Cacoon - companies that produce quality certified products, but the prices for it are higher than those of many competitors;
- Grilly, Nordway, Outventure, Totem, Garden4You, Camping products in the middle and lower price segment. Hammocks are less durable, but they stand for several seasons.
You can also pay attention to manufacturers such as Haba, Easy Camp and La Rete.
№11. Choose a place for a hammock
If you plan to installhammock at the cottage, then the place for him is chosen taking into account such recommendations:
- preference should not be given to the sunny and windy areas. If the hammock has a canopy, then you can choose a sunny place, for example, near the pool. It is desirable thatthe surface under the hammockIt did not turn into dust during periods of drought or mud during the rainy season. The best option - a lawn or a platform, covered with paving stones;
- assupports for hanging hammockschoose trees with a diameter of at least 15 cm, it is better to use special fasteners, so as not to damage their bark. As an alternative, metal pillars of the same diameter are suitable, they are buried in the ground to a depth of 40-60 cm and concreted, externally they can be decorated with a hemp rope. From the support to the beginning of the canvas should be 15-20 cm to ensure safety and the ability to adjust the tension of the sling;
- optimalMounting heighthammock - 150-170 cm;
- Children's hammock is arranged so that it can be seen from almost all corners of the site;
- Frame hammocks are assembled on site according to the instructions.
If you choosehammock, it is better, we repeat, to take the wireframe model. It is easier to install in an apartment, more mobile and safe, but if desired, you can hang a hammock over the ceiling or walls. Recently, there are often design projects with the arrangement of a hammock chair on the balcony, but it will fit well into any other room, from the living room to the nursery.
As for thehealth effects, then the doctors do not give an unambiguous answer. On the one hand, it is not recommended to sleep in a hammock for a long time, since it can harm the neck and spine. On the other hand, if the canvas is strong and dense, he has straps, then such a rest is even useful and helps to cope with insomnia.