Content of the article:
year decorating the room where the flower is contained. Reproduction of arrowroot at home is carried out by vegetative methods. This allows you to quickly get young plants, and regular transplantation helps rejuvenate adult specimens and give the culture new strength to grow.
Ground for transplanting arrowroot
At home, in the wooded tropical regions of the Americas, arrowroot lives in a moist shady underbrush. The soil of the southern deciduous forests is rich in humus, saturated with moisture and perfectly permeable to air. So that in the house the tropical guest does not feel hurt, they are trying to create close to natural conditions for her. This fully applies to the selection of the substrate.
For transplanting arrowroot and planting young rooted plants, ready-made soil for arrowroot can be used, additionally adding crushed charcoal to it. This structures the soil and reduces the risk of pathogen development.
If you cannot get such a substrate, it is easy to mix at home. As components of the soil mixture in equal parts take washed sand, sod and garden soil. Here it is useful to add crushed coal, sphagnum moss and humus. The resulting substance used for transplanting arrowroot at home should:
- easily pass moisture and air;
- long loosen up;
- to provide the plant from the tropics all the nutrient requirements.
Features of arrowroot at home
transplant of arrowroot is carried out on spring days. Copies up to 3-4 years old are best to be turned into a larger pot annually.
The root system, if there are no signs of disease or damage, is not worth worrying about. But when the inspection reveals rot, dry areas or the presence of soil pests, you can not hesitate:
- All problem roots are removed with a clean, sharp knife.
- Sections are treated with coal powder.
- Marant is transplanted into a new disinfected substrate, having previously made a wide drainage layer at the bottom of the pot to drain excess moisture.
It will heal and boost the plant to grow, but for the first time it is better to put a pot of arrowroot in the greenhouse.
At constant temperature and high humidity the plant acclimatizes faster.
And how to transplant arrowroot, long lived in an apartment? Mature plants need to be transplanted when their roots fully absorb the allotted amount of soil. On average, the procedure is carried out once every 2–3 years, using a transplant to routinely inspect the condition of the plant and obtain seedlings for reproduction of arrowroot by dividing the overgrown shrub.
Reproduction of arrowroot
The easiest and most effective way to grow a new plant of arrowroot is to divide the adult bush. Each part must have its own roots and growth point. If with this method of breeding arrowroot were damaged or cut the roots, they are necessarily sprinkled with powdered coal to avoid rotting:
- Seedlings are transferred to a moist nutrient soil.
- Pots put in a hothouse or covered one by one with packages. This will retain moisture and help maintain conditions comfortable for a tropical culture.
For habituation and final rooting, arrowroot requires a temperature not lower than 20–22 ° C and increased air humidity.
Successful acclimatization after dividing a room flower signals the growth of new leaves and shoots.
How to propagate arrowroot when there is no large bush at hand that is worthy of giving life to new plants?
In this case, arrowroot is propagated by cuttings obtained from long shoots. As such planting material, take a piece of healthy stem with a knot, next to which roots subsequently form, and a new shoot will appear from the sinus. The cut is made a couple of centimeters below the knot.
If the future arrowroot does not immediately fall into the water, it is better to err and prepare a longer stalk that is easy to cut before rooting.
Rooting is carried out in water. Most varieties form root tufts very quickly without additional care. But at the first sign of wilting, the planting material together with the container should be covered with a bag or film. After the formation of roots sufficient for transplanting arrowroot, seedlings are transferred to their own pots.