Parthenocarpic, self-pollinated cucumber varieties are becoming increasingly popular among gardeners. These varieties, or rather hybrids, help to get rid of many problems. Modern hybrids can be grown in greenhouses and open beds, pickled and pickled. April variety belongs to such hybrids, it is increasingly planted by summer residents in their gardens.
Table of contents
- Characteristic and Description of the April Cucumber Reflectionparthenocarpic, precocious with a predominance of female inflorescences. It does not require insects for pollination, which allows it to be grown in greenhouses, in sheltered beds. With the possibility of pollination, the crop increases significantly. April can be grown as an indoor flower. Plant in seed pots three seeds, when seedlings appear, take care and harvest.
Cucumber is resistant to bad weather, cold and rain. Fruits in unison, the harvest is always good. The first greenhouses appear after six weeks after germination.
The fruit grows as long as15-25 centimeters , the surface is ribbed and hilly green in color with slight pubescence. Weight 200-250 g .The form is cylindrical. Not bitter, do not turn yellow and do not outgrow.
- Early, from germination to vigorous growth of greens, passes less than 45 days .
- Concurrently fruiting, fruitful, with a square meter with proper care, get 25 kg.
- Easy to clean.
- Resistant to all major diseases of cucumbers.
- Joint fruiting within one month. Uncomfortable for constant long-term consumption in the summer.
- This variety is easily exposed to bactericidal disease - white rot.
What soil is required
The best time for its device - the previous autumn. Purified manure or bird droppings, potash fertilizers, superphosphate are introduced. The soil is plowed up.
cucumbers do not like the sour soil , in this case, they make dolomite flour, ash or lime in the fall. In the spring additionally fertilize ridges with nitrogen fertilizers. In the wells it is good to add humus or compost.
How to plant
correctly For planting use seedlings or germinated seeds. The seedlings are sown in April for a month before landing on the bed.
If the bush grows in a greenhouse, the seeds are planted to a depth of 1 cm .The distance between them is more than 30 cm, between the rows - 50 cm. The width of the ridge makes 1 meter. This distance between the bushes is convenient for care, the plants do not interfere with each other’s development, they do not obscure the neighbor.
If planted in open ground, seeds are placed 2 cm in depth. The distances between them are similar, planted in a greenhouse.
As with all garden crops, basic care includes watering, loosening, feeding, protection from harmful insects and diseases.
High temperature is also undesirable. The ovary falls from the heat, a new one does not form, the fruits begin to taste bitter. Humidity is equally important, the cucumber vine does not like dry air.
A dry crust on the soil retards the flow of air to the roots, the plant begins to wither, leaves and fruits fall. Loosening the provides air access, and during irrigation moisture penetration into the soil.
Without nutrition and supplements will not be developed, the harvest will be low. Feed cucumber seedlings begin two weeks after planting. It is necessary to use a complex fertilizer, which should include nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus.
First, add more nitrogen to build mass. Further, it is necessary to fertilize every week .The cucumber grows quickly, bears fruits together and requires a lot of nutrition.
as a fertilizer. He loves organic matter. Compost, rotted manure, diluted bird droppings are his favorite fertilizers. But mineral supplements, especially trace elements, are never superfluous.
When applying fertilizers, it is important to observe the correct dosage. These plants are well absorbed by all the elements obtained, overdose will lead to an increase in nitrates in the fruit, the appearance of ugly cucumbers.
It is necessary to remove weeds from the ridges in time. Not only do they take away moisture and nutrition from the plant, it is a convenient place for the development of diseases and the life of pests. By removing weeds, you solve these three problems.
There are many means of protecting the culture without harm to people and birds. Phytosporin , a microbiological preparation based on live fungi, is effective in combating bactericidal diseases of plants. To control pests use the drug fitoverm.
Another condition for the successful cultivation of cucumbers - formation of the bush .The plant is best grown vertically. The central stem is clamped at a trellis height, 5-6 knots are left on the lateral ones, the higher the sprout is, the longer it is made.
bush. There are mistakes when forming. When growing bee pollinated varieties pinch the central shoot after the 5th node. The April hybrid main fruits are formed on the main runaway. Do not forget about it.
The variety is resistant to all major cucumber diseases. The main trouble for him is white rot .This is a fungal disease that develops from disputes that live in the ground. Initially, the root part of the plant falls ill, then the rot goes up the stems.
Observe the microclimate in the greenhouse, exclude high humidity and low temperature .To prevent disease, treat the wells with potassium permanganate. When rot appears, apply a mixture of potassium permanganate and chalk to the sore spots. Remove damaged shoots.
How to collect and store
The fruits of the April cucumber ripen in one month, together and in the early terms .Therefore, the harvest does not stretch for a long time. Zelentsy is better to shoot in the morning, until they are elastic and do not have time to heat up the sun. To remove fruits accurately, without damaging a whip.
cucumbers are convenient to use for pickling , pickling. For salads, it can be used for a short time, since fructification ends quickly. Fresh fruits without processing can be stored in a cold place no more than a week.
You met with an interesting variety of cucumbers - April. It has its own characteristics. Unpretentious in care, resistant to cold and disease. It is easy to care for him.
The variety is interesting for gardeners who grow vegetables for the market. This is facilitated by the simultaneous simultaneous ripening of fruits, a large number of which is convenient for sale. For personal use, you can use the April with other varieties.