To increase comfort in the country or in a city apartment is now being actively used Heated floor system. To generate a favorable microclimate capable infrared carbon Heated floor. If desired stacking easily manage master of the house, if he knows how to mount and connect.
We'll show you how to build an infrared heating system of its own. In the present article we describe in detail the carbon fiber floor heating options, given the technological features. Taking into account our recommendations IR assembly underfloor heating will not cause the slightest difficulty, and he will work fine.
The content of the article:
What is Infrared warm floor?
- The operating principle of IR heating
- Varieties carboxylic Systems
Rules laying carbon fiber floor heating
- How to put a rod mat?
- Bases film heating assembly
Pros and cons of a carbon floor
- What's wrong with karbonovom heating?
- Advantages of infrared heat-insulated floor
Features of operation and maintenance of the system
- Eliminating disruptions
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
What is Infrared warm floor?
Infrared heated floor is able to make the house more comfortable for its inhabitants due to choose the right temperature.
Moreover, it may become the main type of heating, if the carbon fiber material to cover about 60% of the area of each room, where heating is required.
If you plan to use the system as an additional source of comfort, it is sufficient stacking up to 40% of usable area
The operating principle of IR heating
IR Heated floor of carboxylic heating elements passes through a current. As a result of this process, the infrared radiation in the range of 5-20 microns. It transfers its energy to the objects in the room, bypassing the air. Decorative flooring and the furniture will heat from radiating heat, warming the air.
In the room with infrared heat-insulated floor is heated in the first place, the objects that are at the bottom. Therefore, the air is a little cooler in the human head level, which will prevent the occurrence of headaches
And the floor will always be a warm thanks to the film or the system of rods, laid underneath. If this is the only source of heat, we can not worry about over-dried air. And burn oxygen infrared rays can not.
The laid under floor coverings carboxylic heating systems transmit thermal energy to them, following which the heat is redirected to the room
It includes film and core alternative to carbon fiber under floor heating systems. The carbon film coated on the polymer film
In embodiments, the carbon rod together with silver and graphite included in the composite, from which the flexible rods. They connect power cables
This principle of heating is safe for use not only at home but also in kindergartens, hospitals and other public institutions
Carboxylic Heatable system do not cause convection and movement of air flows together with the dust through the room
Only infrared flooring can be used in the arrangement of balconies loggias, terraces, porches and other outdoor areas
Infrared floor heating systems are suitable for stacking virtually all types of coatings. Their trail on all types of grounds. Carboxylic floors equip premises of any size and configuration
To control carboxylic floors are connected to the set on the wall thermostat to automate the flooring on the substrate placed temperature sensors connected to the controller
The principle of carbon heating
Apparatus film sexes
Specificity carboxylic rod systems
Safety carbon heating
Formation of an optimum microclimate
Unlimited scope of use
Thermostat for electric underfloor heating
Real benefits and imaginary detriment of infrared radiation in an article that we advise visitors to check out.
Varieties carboxylic Systems
The growing popularity of IR underfloor promotes the emergence of competition in the market, which had a positive effect on the price of the goods. Quality Systems underfloor of carboxylic materials improved, companies are producing improved models to get the maximum benefit with minimum energy consumption.
The following are proven carbon fiber underfloor heating: Excel, Rexva Xica, Caleo, HOTmat, EcoOndol, Green Life, Ecoheat, Unimat, MONOCRYSTAL, HandyHeat, Q-Term, TEPLONOG, POWER PLUS.
A large part of the market belongs to the South Korean manufacturer to offer affordable prices and a large selection of carboxylic film
According to the method of laying the infrared heated floors mounted:
- wet process;
The wet method - when poured or screed layer is laid on top of tile adhesive system. Use the finished floor will be possible only after complete drying. When dry installation a heating film nothing is filled in. Therefore, a month would have to wait for the commissioning.
In the dry stacking method will suffice to wait a few days, if provided by the manufacturer of the decorative coating
In appearance infrared floors are:
The film is very thin - 0.3-0.4 mm. They are sold in rolls of a width depending on the model and manufacturer. It can be a range from 0.5 to 1 meter. With carbon heater layer is applied to one side of the printer film.
On both edges of the roll are copper bars. This layer is protected on both sides with layers of resin film
By applying the method of the heating elements on the surface of such films are distinguished:
- in the form of a honeycomb;
- with perforation.
A film with solid carbon most perfect application - it is the fastest rate of heating and the most efficient use of electricity.
Accidental physical damage to the solid portion carboxylic film has no effect on its efficiency
IR perforated film was designed to provide durable adhesion to the surface during pouring screed. In places where there is no perforation of the heating element.
Perforated version of the IR film is useful for laying floor coverings made of ceramic tile
Striped - the most popular among buyers. In the market you can find a huge number of proposals, which differ in width and length of the roll, on the composition of heating layer, the duration of use, and other characteristics. Its undoubted advantage - easy to cut during installation, without affecting carbon strip.
Rod-IR floor consists of a series of flexible rods, connected in parallel between a heat-resistant copper wire. Inside each heating element is composed of amorphous carbon, graphite and silver.
Underfloor heating is coiled and packed with parts needed when stacking. Also, each manufacturer is making a statement with recommendations for installation and operation
Infrared heating system is in the form of a rod of the mat has the ability to self-regulate. She was not afraid of the big sofa, which will constantly be on the same site. Bars located under the furniture, never overheat.
Rules laying carbon fiber floor heating
The effectiveness of any model of infrared floor heating depends on the correct installation and connection. Even the best quality and expensive system will not work if you ignore the manufacturer's recommendations listed in the instructions.
The range of carboxylic rod floors have options made based self-regulating cable
Self-regulating systems without the owners react to temperature changes and adjust their own performance after it
Since this type of field spontaneously increases and decreases the temperature, resulting in significant saving energy
Carbon floor self-regulating type does not need to duplicate additional heating in the window and door openings. He enhances heat transfer in this area
Self-regulating IR floor
Pros use smart genders
The self-regulating underfloor heating cable
Savings when installing carbon floor
How to put a rod mat?
Nice to come home and removing outdoor shoes, feel the warmth underfoot. It's enough to correct Heated floor bed IR. The most expensive option - a rod. But it is characterized by long service life - 25 years. And the manufacturer's warranty happy - about 10 years.
Best-selling is the core of the mat Unimat. Manufacturer immediately provides detailed instructions for installing the system and all components. This makes it easy to perform the laying their hands, without losing time searching for the right materials.
Rods arranged in parallel in the form of a rope ladder, provided the system is operating, even in case of failure of one or two of them
Heated floor stick-type IR has the ability to independently control the temperature within the system. This eliminates the danger of overheating and failure of the individual rods are disposed at the heavy and volumetric furniture.
For proper placement will first align the subfloor. Then, define the place for installation of the temperature controller and temperature sensor. It is important that these two elements are in a safe place and do not overlap heavy furniture.
The temperature sensor should be put in a groove cut into the floor. Previously it is placed into a corrugated tube with a metal probe and the stub. Debris left over after doing Stroebe, it is necessary to remove.
Then be spread out heat reflective material foil side up. All joints of individual parts of the roll must be carefully connected to one another with adhesive tape. Also, using tape, glue or staple gun, this layer will attach to the primary floor. We can now proceed to the layout of the mat carboxylic rods.
Correct start unwinding roll by the thermostat setting. To expand the mat in the opposite direction, it is necessary to cut the connecting wire midway between 2 bars. You can do so up until the whole area is covered for laying underfloor heating system, but not longer than 25 linear meters.
We can not allow the crossing of individual rods infrared mat. This is an important rule system laying
It remains to carefully fix the structure laid tape and cut a hole in the heat-reflecting material over the entire area. This will provide a secure grip when pouring or applying screed tile adhesive.
The next stage - the connection and isolation carboxylic heating system. It is important to follow the recommendations given by the manufacturer in the instructions and use the materials that are provided underfloor heating.
Will connect the strip conductors mounting carbon mat by stripping insulation from the ends to be connected. For their reliable fixing sleeve attached in heat shrinkable film. Each sleeve fits over the exposed wire of the mat and the connecting cable is clamped and the crimping tool.
The insulating film located above the sleeve assumes its operating state after the application of technical dryer. Put on top, another insulating film, which also sits hairdryer. This connection has a double isolation durable and reliable. It is not afraid of moisture.
Similarly connect all the remaining side of the mat to the connecting wire. The edges of the insulated end film, shrink dryer and crimped mites
The next step - to connect the ends of the connecting wires in the terminal block thermostat according to Scheme appended hereto. It is important not to mix up the leads and ground zero. Must not forget to connect the temperature sensor.
It remained the most crucial moment - to test the performance of carbon fiber mat. To do this, set the desired temperature and turn on the system. Wait 15-20 minutes and evaluate the result. If everything is in order, you can proceed to the final stage - pouring screed or coating tile adhesive.
Visually process device rod floor heating submit the following photo gallery:
Rod systems are ideal for installation under floor tiles or granite. Work is carried out in a standard poyadke begin with laying the foil substrate
Step 2: To steer system consisting of carboxylic rods cut on one side only. Expand aside uncut NYM-cable
Decomposition of carbon fiber heating floor fix common construction tape
To connect the heating system edge trimmed NYM-wire we clean the insulation for about 5 - 7 mm
On the edge of the stripped wire NYM put the connecting sleeve, strengthen the connection with the crimping tool
On connecting sleeve shrink tubing set, which is available in a complete carbon floor
Eating out in the heat pipe sleeve again pressurizing presskleschami
With the sleeve and crimping pliers produce compound NYM-wire cable to connect to a power point
Step 1: laying carboxylic system on a substrate
Step 2: Cutting of the rod system
Step 3: Fixing the laid tape system
Step 4: Remove the insulation from the current wire
Step 5: Install the coupling sleeve
Step 6: Installation of heat-shrinkable tubing
Step 7: Crimping sleeve shrink tube
Step 8: Connecting the power cable to the wire NYM
you need to plan ahead, for example, here is a carboxylic for the assembly of cores the system:
In drawing up the laying scheme of the rod system, be aware that the terminals can not overlap or touch each other. The maximum length of the rod strips 25 m (+)
After the layout carbon heating proceed to the final stage of the device:
Compounds made using sleeves, places a heat shrink tube handle construction hairdryer
To set the temperature sensors, the fixing temperature of the floor, use a corrugated plastic tube
To ensure a smooth floor surface at all points by temperature sensors produce a groove in the base
Weatherproof sensors are installed without a corrugated tube, Stroebe rough floor and cut the insulation is not necessary for them. The apparatus then placed between the rods and fixed with adhesive tape
Before laying the cover check the performance of the floor is completely arranged
To ensure adhesion of the binder composition with a base in the foil substrate cut holes 70 × 150 mm. Arrange them in a staggered approximately 300 mm. Just do not cut more than 30% of the foil substrate
In the plot the system carboxylic tile adhesive or cement binder solution so that it completely covers the system
If the system is fixed tile adhesive, which is placed immediately tiles, to put it better segments approximately 1 m. This screed, it occupy the entire area, and after hardening of the coating is placed
Step 9: Treatment of heat shrink tubing hairdryer
Step 10: Temperature sensor in the corrugated pipe
Step 11: Immersion temperature sensors in Stroebe
Step 12: The location of the sensor between the rods
Step 13: Verifying
Step 14: Cut holes to enhance adhesion
Step 15: Filling the square tile adhesive
Step 16: Laying tiles on floors rod
Bases film heating assembly
Infrared film warm floor is laid on all the recommendations specified by the manufacturer in the instructions. mounting technology is similar to the rules of stacking rod mat. The main distinguishing feature - to consider the future location of furniture. Under furniture stacked carboxylic film is not necessary.
It is important that the IR cloth not overlap. To survive a distance of 5-10 cm between them. The same rule applies to the styling rod mat - do not put the intersection of two or more bars together.
When the layout of the heat insulating layer is formed, the layout and fastening thereto carboxylic film, there is no need to penetrate the orifice to better tie the clutch. It should only be insulated copper bus incision bitumen coating, covering completely silver contacts across slice.
Band remains connected to each other and to the thermostat using wires bundled
There are some differences - on a copper bus terminals are installed, which should be placed in the ends of the connecting wires, stripped of insulation.
They are tightly crimped from both the embedded wires and a copper bus. Each such compound is isolated from the two sides with a special insulation, the bundled underfloor
Another difference from the embodiment of the installation rod - the temperature sensor does not fit into the slot, and adhesive tape is secured directly to one of the heating strips, if striped film. The sensor must carefully immersed in the insulating layer, cutting the corresponding cell. This further eliminates unevenness of the decoration layer when lying down.
Similarly, the cuts are made in the locations of clamps and all the way proleganiya wires. Stacked wire was taped. It remains to connect the system to the thermostat, using the circuit given in the instructions. If IR floor power 2 kW, it is necessary to connect it to the mains via a separate machine.
Once connected, you need to carefully check the operability of the system, the quality of individual elements of the compound and heating of all stripes, including it in the net. If all qualitatively formed, it is possible to complete the installation, putting it on top of the heating film laminate under special substrate or protection film.
It remains to put the decorative covering and enjoy all the benefits of a regulated heating. Film warm floor is most often covered with laminate, linoleum or carpet.
If the coating is solid, it can be mounted directly on top of the protective layer without damaging a heating film
In the case where the decorative covering is easy to deformation, it is necessary to lay a dense protective layer - plywood or other material sheets 3-5 mm thick. They must be securely fixed without damaging the layer of the heating film.
Only after further solid protective layer of plywood will be the turn lay linoleum or carpeting
After completing all the steps correctly, you can use infrared film warm floor for about 10 years. The service life of each manufacturer indicates in the instructions. He is between 10 and 50 years.
Pros and cons of a carbon floor
Infrared heated floor has its advantages disadvantages. Before you decide whether its purchase and installation, it should be analyzed in detail all the features of this system.
What's wrong with karbonovom heating?
The use of carboxylic rods or films in the regeneration system of warm floors in the house or apartment has such drawbacks:
- high cost;
- complicated repairs;
- the need for additional insulation.
The original system proposed by bona fide producers, are quite expensive. Especially when it comes to Strezhneva carboxylic mats. Large sum able to put every customer who wants to have his house to arrange the infrared heated floor.
From the first disadvantage smoothly follows the second - on the market since a large number of fakes. They are low cost and questionable quality.
Purchase of low-quality counterfeit, but low-cost systems turns into a headache for the buyer - the rods burn quickly, reducing overall heating area
The complexity of the repair is necessary to remove all the decorative cover to get to the floor heating system. Another possibility to replace the broken portion does not exist. If the tile is laid on top, then it is even more difficult repairs.
The need for additional insulation of a house or apartment will be in the case where the infrared heating is essential. If the work on energy efficiency have not been conducted, the warm floor will be spending a lot of energy to maintain the desired temperature in the room and can not cope with this task.
Insulation of the house, cottage or apartment can significantly reduce costs not only in the infrared, but also in other types of heating. In this room easier to maintain a comfortable temperature with underfloor heating, spending a minimum of energy to their work.
Advantages of infrared heat-insulated floor
Heated floor, arranged from a carboxylic films or rods, has a number of advantages. It:
- without repair.
The first point implies the speed of installation of floor heating Carbon. If the area for the installation of a small, then all the work you can handle up to 1 day. If we invite artists, all will take even less time.
Arrange infrared floor heating system is easy - only a simple set of tools, as well as materials, bundled with a carboxylic foil or rods.
It is not necessary to attract specialist - installation will be under the force of each owner diligent
Price film material available. If you compare the cost of all parts and components needed in the regeneration of the water or steam heating, it IR is essentially wins - no need to buy pipes, radiators, copper and other expensive equipment.
Use carboxylic underfloor advantageous both as an additional and main heat source. If the system is properly installed and the house / apartment / house is insulated, the power consumption will be minimal. Consumption will depend on the area covered by the infrared film or mats.
The beauty of this type of heating the room is that after laying the floor heating is not noticeable in the room. It does not take useful space, such as radiators. The thickness of the whole system in view of the heat insulating layer is less than 2 cm.
Infrared floor heating is perfectly safe. He is not afraid of water and can be installed in the bathroom and in the kitchen. If any section ceases to work, with the entire system, nothing will happen - it will continue to heat up as usual.
Carbon Film floors constructing kitchens, living rooms, in bedrooms, living rooms, children. they are placed under the linoleum and under the laminateIs used in the apparatus of underfloor under floor tiles.
If a single rod or strip carboxylic film has stopped working, you can do without the repair - the whole system will continue to function
All heating elements are arranged in parallel, eliminating the possibility of breakage of the entire system. This is convenient, because the loss of one of the working strips essentially no impact on the operation of the whole system.
Features of operation and maintenance of the system
Heated floor of carboxylic films or rods undoubtedly makes more comfortable room. Therefore, this type of heating becomes more and more adherents. But questions about the likelihood of breakage and possible repairs are concerned potential users of equipment.
To warm the floor of the carbon material has served the entire term, declared by the manufacturer, it is necessary to adhere to the rules of its operation. All this is described by the manufacturer in the instructions for the specific product. It is important for the system to warm the floor had all the documents and certificates of conformity confirming its quality.
In an accompanying documentation of the film and a carbon rod floor it will be spelled out how to use it
After all, each manufacturer its technical characteristics of the material. But there are general rules, which it is desirable not to neglect the observance.
Firstly, you need to withstand time after installation, recommended by the manufacturer. This means that the use of underfloor heating is possible only after a specified period of time. For example, rod mats laid under the tile, waiting time is 28 days. Only after the complete drying can begin to use infrared heating installed in the floor.
Secondly, it is important not to ignore the installation requirements specified in the instructions. If the system is not equipped with a temperature controller and a temperature sensor, then it is necessary to purchase them. Otherwise, everything from undertaking anything worthwhile will come of infrared warm floors.
Stack temperature sensor is important for all the rules. Also, on top of it it is impossible to put the furniture - it is fraught with failures in its work and give incorrect information about temperature in the whole house.
Third, when using film material is better to refuse to accommodate a volume of furniture - wardrobes, sofas, chests of drawers. In the case of the rod floor can not worry about the future location of furniture - this system is more advanced and is capable of self-regulation.
Fourth, clean up can and should be. Perform cleaning in a room with underfloor heating should be as it was before their installation. A material laid under floors, parquet or laminate is not afraid of wet cleaning, and processing by special means, intended for the care of a decorative floor covering.
The question of a possible failure of the carbon floor heating are concerned not only real, but also potential users. Although the manufacturer guarantees 10 or more years of trouble-free operation of the system, the thought of repair come in advance.
Due to the peculiarities of the infrared device floor at failure of a certain section of the whole system will not be affected. Damage will affect only the floor heating under no broken segment. Everything else the coating will operate normally.
When it stopped working a few parts of the system, the functioning of which is extremely important for consumers, it will carry out repair work.
The complexity and cost of repair will depend on the type of material used in the regeneration of the infrared heat-insulated floor
If it's a variant of a core, then, with the purchase of high-quality original equipment warranty is about 10, and the service life - 25 years. But in the case of the acquisition of cheap analogue it is possible in 1-1.5 years to observe the failure of the individual rods. As a result of 3-4 years after the start of operation half of the floor heating may cease to be such.
To fix all have to completely remove the decorative cover and the change of the mat or completely dismantle the entire system. This is a fairly time-consuming process, because the styling was carried out "wet." Therefore, selecting a core carbon fiber floor heating, you should carefully check the accompanying documentation, not to buy a fake.
Repair infrared film heating system does not require enormous time and cost. In this case, will take off laminate or linoleum, replace part of, the failed. Make such actions easily if the carboxylic film assembly was accomplished by dry method.
If the carboxylic film was used with perforation, which was poured on top of or deposited screed tile adhesive, then the failure of a large number of sites to be carried out overhaul gender
We suggest to familiarize with the rules and principles of the device infrared heating country house. They are detailed in our recommended paper.
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Video # 1. Stepping on the laying roller carboxylic film for laminate:
Video # 2. Carbon rod mounting features underfloor heating instructions are given in the video:
Video # 3. The test of performance infrared solid and striped films with carbon fiber:
Video # 4. Technology mounting a solid floor heating film:
Video # 5. Prohibited and permitted techniques for laying the warm infrared floor:
Having dealt with the main types of carboxylic warm floors, you can choose the most suitable option for your home. editing features in detail spelled out in the manual, which makes it possible to perform the work with his own hands. Pretty simple rules laying such a heating system eliminate the need for a call for installation professionals.
Do you want to talk about his own made laying IR sex? You know the nuances of the installation process is not described in the article? Please write comments in the below section, share your impressions and pictures of the article topic, ask questions.