Detailed description and characteristics of a variety of tomatoes grandmother's secret
Despite the fact that Grandma's tomato is a relatively new secret, it has already attracted the attention of many gardeners. After all, it is distinguished by high yield and easy courtship, thanks to which even beginners can cope with this variety. A detailed description of the characteristics of this variety, you will learn from the article.
Table of contents
Characteristics and description of the variety Grandma's Secret
The advantages and disadvantages of a tomato
Cultivation conditions of tomato
Diseases and Prevention
Characteristics and description of the variety Babushkin secretSince it is considered an indeterminate variety, the height of the bush reaches 180 cm. The powerful stem with a small amount of leaves ends with a fibrous rhizome, which grows strongly to the sides. In order for a plant to grow normally and receive useful elements from the soil, it needs a large area. Due to the fact that there are few leaves on the stem, the crop ripens more evenly.
Tomato Grandma's secret is a real gift for gardeners, because fruits can be collected as early as 110-115 days after seed germination. Each bush produces about 8 fruitful shoots with 3-5 ovaries.
You can grow this variety in a greenhouse, on the street or in a greenhouse, but in the latter case the fruits will grow slightly lower.
Since the best harvests can be obtained indoors, the tomato Grandma's Secret can be grown in almost any terrain.
Description of fruits:
round shape, slightly flattened on top;
weight of tomatoes - 300-600 g;
flesh is sweet and fleshy.
Destination varieties of lettuce, so it is recommended to use these tomatoes fresh.
The advantages and disadvantages of tomato
Gardeners who grow this variety note its advantages and disadvantages. The main advantages include:
increased yield - up to 17 kg;
large fruit sizes - with proper agricultural technology, the size of tomatoes can reach 1 kg;
The disadvantages of the variety include fruit cracking caused by high humidity. Also, the tomato Grandma's Secret practically does not tolerate transportation, and during growth on the street is sick.
You can start sowing seeds for seedlings in the first part of March. This will require turf ground, which is pre-mixed with sand or humus. It is also permissible to purchase ready-made soil that has an optimal nutrient composition. Planting in peat tablets is good in that no further need to pick the plants in the future.
Before sowing seeds, they should be processed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, or in solutions such as "Appin" or "Zircon", which prevent possible infection.
In the prepared box for seedlings, they make grooves 2 cm deep, 2 cm apart between them, which are then poured with warm water from a spray bottle. After the seeds are laid out in the grooves, they are covered with earth, and then the seed boxes are covered with a thin transparent film. When 2 leaves appear on the surface, the seedlings are transplanted into separate cups, for which it is best to use peat pots.
Despite the fact that the tomatoes are well tolerated pick, it is recommended once again not to injure their rhizome, so as not to slow down its growth. If you use the peat pots, then you can repot the tomatoes in the ground without getting them.
Before planting seedlings in a greenhouse, plants need to be hardened. To do this, at the end of April, in warm and sunny weather, you need to take out the boxes of seedlings on a balcony or street.
No less important is the preparation of the soil in the greenhouse. At first, several beds are formed in it, the number of which directly depends on the width of the greenhouse. It is necessary to prepare beds for 7 days before planting in the ground. The distance between the rows should be 65 cm, and between the holes - 75 cm.
Add sawdust and humus to the ground before planting at the rate of 1 bucket per 1 m² of land. After that, the soil is spilled with a hot solution of weakly pink potassium permanganate, which will disinfect it from possible diseases.
Tomato seedlings are transplanted to the greenhouse at the age of 50 days. The soil for this time must be prepared.
Sand and a pinch of fertilizer are poured into each well when planting seedlings.
Conditions for growing tomato
Watering seedlings is carried out regularly, but care must be taken to ensure that the soil does not have high humidity, which contributes to the cracking of fruits and plant diseases. The best option is considered watering 1 time in 5-7 days. To prevent high humidity, be sure to loosen the soil. This can be done with the help of air vents, which should be located not only on the end walls, but also on the roof.
No less than watering, important and dressing tomato Grandma's secret, which are held 3-5 times during the growing season. You can make organic fertilizers and mineral-based supplements that alternate with each other.
Since the bushes of Babushkin’s secret tomato are distinguished by their high growth, they are tied to a trellis or rope immediately after planting, and the plant should be formed into one stem. For maximum yield, pinch a growth point at the desired height.
Since the tomato Grandma's secret grows in a greenhouse, for the fruit to appear, it is necessary to artificially pollinate its flowers. To do this, they need to gently shake in sunny weather. Immediately after pollination, it is necessary to water the soil and lightly spray tomato flowers. After a few hours it is necessary to lower the air humidity in the greenhouse, for which you need to open all the vents.
If everything is done correctly, then the harvest will be possible until the frost.
Bush. Diseases and Prevention of
In order to prevent the occurrence of diseases in Tomato Babushkin’s secret, which is grown indoors, it is necessary to pay particular attention to preparing the soil before planting the seedlings. It must be disinfected with potassium permanganate or biological preparations.
There are also a large number of modern biologics that protect tomatoes from diseases and pests. You can purchase them, as well as get advice on the application, in specialized stores.
The development of diseases can be provoked by:
too thick planting;
It is fairly easy to cope with these causes, which will prevent tomato diseases such as powdery mildew, phytophthora, spotted mosaic. When sick bushes appear, they should be immediately removed from the bed and burned to prevent further infection.
Tomato Grandma's secret is not for nothing that is popular with gardeners, because even a novice can easily cope with it, having achieved high yields. It is enough to comply with all the agricultural practices of its cultivation and you can enjoy delicious and large fruits before the onset of the first frost.