Everyone has tried at least once a potato dish. This vegetable is beautifully stored in the cellar for a year, maintaining its taste. However, potatoes that have just been dug out of the ground are considered the most tasty and useful. That is why early varieties of culture are so valued.
- Classification of early varieties
- Early potatoes
- What grade is considered to be the earliest
- for different geographical locations
- Description potato varieties
- foreign selection
Classification of early varieties
All varieties of culture can be divided into two main types: domesticand imported .It may happen that imported potatoes will produce a less rich crop than domestic ones.
Culture can also be classified according to maturity. Maturation is considered the length of time from the first shoots to the time of harvest .
Only the earliest ones have several divisions:
- ultraearly 45-55 days;
- early maturity 50-60 days;
- medium early 60-85 days.
early and ultra early potatoes grow well in the southern region, and they ripen before the onset of heat.
The same vegetable can be classified according to its cultivation goals:
- table - used for cooking;
- technical - starch and alcohol are produced from it;
- fodder - used for livestock feed;
- universal - something between a technical and feed.
Ultraearly( superearly) resistant to diseases , gives a good harvest and has a short growing season.
To plant early ones you need at the end of April and beginning of May , as soon as the soil warms to a temperature of 8-10 degrees. To preserve the potatoes for a long time, you should wait until the peel becomes thicker.
Ultra Early ripens on average for 50 days. This potato variety is a real find for amateur farmers. Tubers contain a lot of nutrients, are smooth, tasty and have a good presentation for sale.
The most popular ultraearly: "Riviera", "Karatop", "Timo".
Early ripening can begin to dig already in 40-45 days .The variety is especially popular - Zhukovsky Early. Tubers are large, even, elongated, and creamy flesh.
The only thing that early ripening varieties have a small percentage of starch, they remain hard during cooking. Preparation for planting begin in early April for the month before planting in open ground. In early May, tubers with sprouts can already be planted in the soil.
The fruit has a beautiful appearance and has an amazing taste properties .In the period of frost well tolerated wintering. In one season, you can get 2 crops.
Mid-early-class dining destinations for eating and feeding animals .
The fruits are already ripening for 60 days .Potatoes of this classification are well resistant to many infections, except for phytophorosis. Suitable for sale due to aesthetic appearance. It has excellent taste.
Which variety is considered the earliest
Forty-grade varieties are ultra-early and give the first crop already after 40 days.after germination .
These include the following: “Bullfinch”, “Impala”, “Luck”, “Zhukovsky Early”, “Timo”, “Charoit”, “Meteor”, “Vineta”, “Breeze”.
For different geographical locations
The right climate, rich soils contribute to a rich harvest. Planting early ripening provides an opportunity to get the first harvest in early July. Early appear already after 50-60 days after landing.
For the middle band of Russia are suitable: "Druzhny", "Uralsky early", "Good luck", "Sosnovsky", "Belorussky", "Slavyanka", "Vyatka".
For the Moscow region, should be resistant to disease, unpretentious to climate change. It is recommended to plant: "Spring", "Zhukovsky", "Timo", "Nevsky", "Lugovskoy".
For the North-Western regions of , varieties best adapted to the soil and climatic conditions should be planted: Amorosa, Zhukovsky Early, Impala, Karatop, Latona, Prigogy 2, Freske, "Adretta", "Christmas", "Sante", "Aurora", "Romano".
Description of potato varieties
Consider the most popular:
|Alena||Ripening period 50-60 days. The first shoots can be obtained after 45 days. Differs in high productivity, color of a peel red, color of pulp cream. It is preferable for cultivation in the West Siberian regions.|
|Ariel||Ripening period 50-70 days. The first shoots after 45 days. You can get 2 crops per year. The peel is light yellow, creamy flesh.|
|Timo||The first root vegetables can be obtained in 45-50 days. The variety is suitable for cultivation on soils of different types. Fully matures in 70 days. The rind is light, the flesh is creamy.|
|Karatop||The first crop can be harvested for 50 days. Vegetative period up to 65 days. It is famous for its good yield and disease resistance. The peel of potatoes is light, the flesh is yellow.|
|Bellaroza||The first fruits appear after 45 days. Vegetative term - 50-60.The flesh is yellow, the skin is light pink rough to the touch.|
|Lark||Young potatoes can be undermined already for 40 days. The skin has a bright yellow tint, the flesh is pale lemon.|
|Impala||Refers to superearly variety. Full maturity is reached in 65-75 days. Harvest can be obtained after 45 days. The rind is yellowish, the flesh too.|
|Romano||Pink rind, cream-lemon flesh. Average germination is 80 days.|
|Zhukovsky Early||Suitable for planting in the North-West and Siberian regions. The first fruits can be collected in 55-60 days. The skin is pinkish lemon, white flesh.|
|Lileya||Belarusian potato has a high yield. The peel is a muted lemon shade, the flesh is light yellow. You can try a young vegetable in 50 days.|
|Red Scarlet||The skin is bright red, the cream-yellowish flesh. Gives fruit in 45-55 days.|
|Luck||Peel yellow, the flesh is the same. The first harvest is obtained for 45 days. The whole vegetative period is 65 days.|
|Uladar||A young crop can be obtained for 45 days, the whole growing season is 75 days. Perhaps a few fruiting season.|
|Bullfinch||Peel pinkish, creamy meat. Maturation occurs at 45-55 days.|
|Charoite||The full growing season is 80-90 days. The first harvest can be obtained at 60 days. The peel is yellow, with the same pulp.|
|Veneta||Unique Germanic variety. The peel is smooth, dark brown or yellow. The fleshy parts are tender, light brown. Ripening occurs at 50-55 days after germination.|
|Meteor||Perfectly gets on in the Siberian regions. The peel of a yellow shade, pulp is also bright yellow. Landing is carried out in late April and early May. The ripening of the first fruits occurs after 45 days.|
|Breeze||To ripen tubers, 60-80 days are needed, the first fruits are obtained for 50 days. The peel of a yellow shade is creamy flesh.|
|Riviera||Get the fruits already on the 35th day after germination. The rind of the potatoes is yellow, the flesh too.|
|Rozara||The early-ripening German variety produces its first seedlings as early as 50 days. The skin is red, the pulp is yellow, the tubers are well preserved for a long time.|
Among the most popular imports are Bellarosa, Red Scarlet, Romano, Impala, Ariel, Veneta.
When choosing a variety, it is necessary to pay special attention to those that will be used for cooking in the summer time. Early, with thin skin, the most delicious and healthy.