20 of the best early and early potato varieties

Everyone has tried at least once a potato dish. This vegetable is beautifully stored in the cellar for a year, maintaining its taste. However, potatoes that have just been dug out of the ground are considered the most tasty and useful. That is why early varieties of culture are so valued.

Contents

  • Classification of early varieties
    • Early potatoes
    • Ultrarannie
    • ripening
    • Middle-
  • What grade is considered to be the earliest
  • for different geographical locations
  • Description potato varieties
  • foreign selection

Classification of early varieties

All varieties of culture can be divided into two main types: domesticand imported .It may happen that imported potatoes will produce a less rich crop than domestic ones.

Early potatoes

Culture can also be classified according to maturity. Maturation is considered the length of time from the first shoots to the time of harvest .

Only the earliest ones have several divisions:

  • ultraearly 45-55 days;
  • early maturity 50-60 days;
  • medium early 60-85 days.
Early and ultra early potatoes grow well in the southern regions

early and ultra early potatoes grow well in the southern region, and they ripen before the onset of heat.

The same vegetable can be classified according to its cultivation goals:

  • table - used for cooking;
  • technical - starch and alcohol are produced from it;
  • fodder - used for livestock feed;
  • universal - something between a technical and feed.
Any early variety can be classified by purpose. Early potatoes are good for eating in summer.

Ultraearly

Ultraearly( superearly) resistant to diseases , gives a good harvest and has a short growing season.

To plant early ones you need at the end of April and beginning of May , as soon as the soil warms to a temperature of 8-10 degrees. To preserve the potatoes for a long time, you should wait until the peel becomes thicker.

Ultra Early ripens on average for 50 days. This potato variety is a real find for amateur farmers. Tubers contain a lot of nutrients, are smooth, tasty and have a good presentation for sale.

The most popular ultraearly: "Riviera", "Karatop", "Timo".

Early ripening

Early ripening can begin to dig already in 40-45 days .The variety is especially popular - Zhukovsky Early. Tubers are large, even, elongated, and creamy flesh.

The only thing that early ripening varieties have a small percentage of starch, they remain hard during cooking. Preparation for planting begin in early April for the month before planting in open ground. In early May, tubers with sprouts can already be planted in the soil.

Zhukovsky early
The advantage of early ripening is that it is not susceptible to infection by fungus and disease.

The fruit has a beautiful appearance and has an amazing taste properties .In the period of frost well tolerated wintering. In one season, you can get 2 crops.

Mid-early

Mid-early-class dining destinations for eating and feeding animals .

The fruits are already ripening for 60 days .Potatoes of this classification are well resistant to many infections, except for phytophorosis. Suitable for sale due to aesthetic appearance. It has excellent taste.

Which variety is considered the earliest

Forty-grade varieties are ultra-early and give the first crop already after 40 days.after germination .

These include the following: “Bullfinch”, “Impala”, “Luck”, “Zhukovsky Early”, “Timo”, “Charoit”, “Meteor”, “Vineta”, “Breeze”.

For different geographical locations

Potatoes grown in central Russia are tastier than in the south.

The right climate, rich soils contribute to a rich harvest. Planting early ripening provides an opportunity to get the first harvest in early July. Early appear already after 50-60 days after landing.

For the middle band of Russia are suitable: "Druzhny", "Uralsky early", "Good luck", "Sosnovsky", "Belorussky", "Slavyanka", "Vyatka".

Slavyanka

For the Moscow region, should be resistant to disease, unpretentious to climate change. It is recommended to plant: "Spring", "Zhukovsky", "Timo", "Nevsky", "Lugovskoy".

Lugovskoy

For the North-Western regions of , varieties best adapted to the soil and climatic conditions should be planted: Amorosa, Zhukovsky Early, Impala, Karatop, Latona, Prigogy 2, Freske, "Adretta", "Christmas", "Sante", "Aurora", "Romano".

Description of potato varieties

Consider the most popular:

Name Description
Alena Ripening period 50-60 days. The first shoots can be obtained after 45 days. Differs in high productivity, color of a peel red, color of pulp cream. It is preferable for cultivation in the West Siberian regions.
Ariel Ripening period 50-70 days. The first shoots after 45 days. You can get 2 crops per year. The peel is light yellow, creamy flesh.
Timo The first root vegetables can be obtained in 45-50 days. The variety is suitable for cultivation on soils of different types. Fully matures in 70 days. The rind is light, the flesh is creamy.
Karatop The first crop can be harvested for 50 days. Vegetative period up to 65 days. It is famous for its good yield and disease resistance. The peel of potatoes is light, the flesh is yellow.
Bellaroza The first fruits appear after 45 days. Vegetative term - 50-60.The flesh is yellow, the skin is light pink rough to the touch.
Lark Young potatoes can be undermined already for 40 days. The skin has a bright yellow tint, the flesh is pale lemon.
Impala Refers to superearly variety. Full maturity is reached in 65-75 days. Harvest can be obtained after 45 days. The rind is yellowish, the flesh too.
Romano Pink rind, cream-lemon flesh. Average germination is 80 days.
Zhukovsky Early Suitable for planting in the North-West and Siberian regions. The first fruits can be collected in 55-60 days. The skin is pinkish lemon, white flesh.
Lileya Belarusian potato has a high yield. The peel is a muted lemon shade, the flesh is light yellow. You can try a young vegetable in 50 days.
Red Scarlet The skin is bright red, the cream-yellowish flesh. Gives fruit in 45-55 days.
Luck Peel yellow, the flesh is the same. The first harvest is obtained for 45 days. The whole vegetative period is 65 days.
Uladar A young crop can be obtained for 45 days, the whole growing season is 75 days. Perhaps a few fruiting season.
Bullfinch Peel pinkish, creamy meat. Maturation occurs at 45-55 days.
Charoite The full growing season is 80-90 days. The first harvest can be obtained at 60 days. The peel is yellow, with the same pulp.
Veneta Unique Germanic variety. The peel is smooth, dark brown or yellow. The fleshy parts are tender, light brown. Ripening occurs at 50-55 days after germination.
Meteor Perfectly gets on in the Siberian regions. The peel of a yellow shade, pulp is also bright yellow. Landing is carried out in late April and early May. The ripening of the first fruits occurs after 45 days.
Breeze To ripen tubers, 60-80 days are needed, the first fruits are obtained for 50 days. The peel of a yellow shade is creamy flesh.
Riviera Get the fruits already on the 35th day after germination. The rind of the potatoes is yellow, the flesh too.
Rozara The early-ripening German variety produces its first seedlings as early as 50 days. The skin is red, the pulp is yellow, the tubers are well preserved for a long time.

Foreign Breeding

Among the most popular imports are Bellarosa, Red Scarlet, Romano, Impala, Ariel, Veneta.

In order to get an early harvest of potatoes every year, it is recommended to practice planting different early varieties.

When choosing a variety, it is necessary to pay special attention to those that will be used for cooking in the summer time. Early, with thin skin, the most delicious and healthy.

Description and Characteristics of Red Scarlet Potatoes

Description and Characteristics of Red Scarlet PotatoesPotatoes

The Red Scarlet potato variety was bred in Holland. Tubers are well transported and have good taste and therefore are in great demand among gardeners. Consider the rules of cultivation, descripti...

Read More
Proper planting potatoes in the Leningrad region

Proper planting potatoes in the Leningrad regionPotatoes

. The weather in the Leningrad Region can change dramatically during the day, sharp fluctuations in air temperature occur. Snow melts from mid-April. The average temperature in July is + 16-18 deg...

Read More
Instructions for using lapis lazuli from weeds on potatoes

Instructions for using lapis lazuli from weeds on potatoesPotatoes

Herbicides have been created specifically in order to save crops from weeds. At the moment there is a large selection of chemicals intended for this purpose. One such tool is Lazurite , the i...

Read More