How to choose, operate and repair an electric jigsaw for

How to choose, operate and repair an electric jigsaw for

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First there was a jigsaw in the form of a small frame with a narrow and thin canvas for sawing wood. Then they began to use a replaceable cloth and a small tooth for sawing metal. Then the jigsaws got the motor and the connection to the mains. But still, the jig saw was not considered a serious tool, until modern devices appeared that have little in common with the previous one. This is the electric jigsaw.

Content

  • 1What is a jigsaw and its features
  • 2The device and the principle of operation
    • 2.1The device and start of the jigsaw
  • 3Types of electric jig saws
  • 4Selecting a file
    • 4.1How to decipher the marking of the saw blade
      • 4.1.1The value of the second letter of the saw marking
      • 4.1.2Importance of steel marking
      • 4.1.3The meaning of the inscriptions on the canvas
      • 4.1.4Marking of types of work
    • 4.2Classification of saws by type of material being processed
  • 5How to choose electric jigsaw for home
    • 5.1Choosing a jigsaw
  • 6The choice of a professional or household appliance
  • 7Operation of the jigsaw
    • 7.1Instrument Setup
    • 7.2Work with an electric jigsaw
    • 7.3How to fix a jigsaw on the table
      • 7.3.1How to work with electric jigsaw
    • 7.4What should I do if the tool cuts crookedly
  • 8Repair of electric brush with own hands
    • 8.1Repairing the support roller
    • 8.2Replacing the stem
      • 8.2.1Replacement of the jaws of the jigsaw
    • 8.3Repair of the saw holder
    • 8.4Replacement of the pendulum mechanism
    • 8.5Repairing the power button
    • 8.6Brush and armature replacement
  • 9Which jigsaw is better: customer reviews
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What is a jigsaw and its features

Electric jig saw is a hand power tool. It is intended for sawing wooden, plastic, metal materials, gypsum cardboard, ceramic tile, glass, some types of stone. Sawing takes place by the reciprocating movement of the rigging. Cutting can be made straight, curly and at an angle to the surface.

Pluses:

  • the same jigsaw can be used to work with different materials due to a wide range of saw blades;
  • The rigging is durable and rarely breaks. The hardness of the saw blade makes it possible to work with soft materials without pre-drilling holes;
  • the canvas is fixed only on one side. This allows you to saw at the edge of the workpiece;
  • in some models a greater thickness of the cut is achieved: 160 mm in wood and 35 in metal;
  • You can make not only straight cuts, but also curly ones with a radius of 15 mm and higher.

Disadvantages:

  • the fixing of the saw blade at one end does not make it possible to make it thin;
  • slow work with workpieces with a thickness of about 40 mm due to deterioration of the chip removal process. This is due to the small stroke of the saw blade from 15 to 26 mm;
  • work with this tool is traumatic;
  • since the function of the jigsaw is based on reciprocating motion, an idle run occurs. Therefore, the performance of this device is less than continuous instruments, such as a Bulgarian or a circular saw.

The device and the principle of operation

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Consider in detail the device jigsaw

What does the electric jigsaw

The device jigsaw
  1. Power cord.
  2. Cord terminals.
  3. The trigger lock.
  4. The trigger.
  5. Speed ​​selector.
  6. Eccentric hinge.
  7. Cooling fan.
  8. Reducer.
  9. Regulator of pendulum action.
  10. The pendulum mechanism.
  11. A file.
  12. Protective limiter.
  13. Supporting file saw.
  14. Air duct.
  15. Base plate.
  16. Electric motor.
  17. Output of sawdust.
  18. The regulator of the base plate.

In simple jigsaws, the tool moves only up and down. And when using the pendulum mechanism, forward and backward. This tool saws faster. How is vertical movement formed? The motor transmits its rotation to the reducer gear. An eccentric hinge is attached to it, which creates an up and down movement. The base plate presses and holds the tool on the surface to be treated, eliminating the trembling of the hands. Sawdust is blown by a cooling fan and output through a special branch pipe.

The device and start of the jigsaw

Types of electric jig saws

Difference by type of supply:

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  • accumulator;
  • network.

Rechargeable is not very convenient due to lower power, faster battery discharge and extra battery cost. Therefore, network devices are more popular.

Types of electric jigsaws:

  • manual;
  • stationary.

In contrast to light and mobile hand-held jig saws, stationary ones are installed in one place by a platform upwards. The equipment is attached from two sides. Because of the restriction of the varieties of the saw blade, more are used for processing wood blanks. And only in some models of the tool is used a tooling for metal. Therefore, stationary jigs are not as versatile as manual jaws.

Classification of the instrument:

  • domestic. Power from 350 to 580 W;
  • professional. Power from 580 to 900 watts.

Selecting a file

Selection of the saw blade is an important part of working with the tool. This affects the efficiency and quality of the cut. The canvas is for wood, metal, plastic, ceramics. Depending on this, the material of the saw blade is selected:

  • High-carbon steel is used for cutting soft blanks;
  • For cutting metal, high-speed steel with high hardness is used;
  • For ceramics and glass, saws with inserts of hard alloys are used.

The tooth pitch also depends on the workpiece material:

  • for wood, -4 mm;
  • for metal and plastic you need a small tooth up to, mm;
  • For glass and ceramics a canvas is used, in which instead of teeth diamond spraying;
  • For aluminum, the edge of the canvas is undulating with a larger tooth.

The size of the wiring is different for saw blades. As the wiring grows, the cutting line widens. Types of saws by geometry:

  • milled with classic wiring;
    Milled saws with classic wiring
  • milled with undulating wiring;
    Milled files with wavy wiring
  • grinded with classic wiring;
    Grinded files with classic wiring
  • with conical grinding without wiring.
    Bevelers with conical grinding without wiring

It is necessary to choose the right size of equipment. Do not forget that it should be more than the thickness of the workpiece being processed. The most common sizes are 75 mm, 85 mm and 100 mm. But for cutting thick workpieces, longer saws up to 300 mm are used.

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Types of blade shanks:

  • T-shaped. Developed by Bosh and is the most common;
  • U-shaped. American standard. It occurs less often.

How to decipher the marking of the saw blade

On any canvas there is a marking consisting of letters and numbers. First, the type of shank: T-shaped or U-shaped. Then there are three figures. Pay attention to the first, which indicates the length of the canvas:

  • 1 - short, up to 75 mm;
  • 2 - standard, 75-90 mm;
  • 3 - elongated, 90-150 mm;
  • 7 - long, more than 150 mm.

After the numbers, there is one or two letters. The first means the tooth size:

  • A - small;
  • B - average;
  • C and D are large.

The second letter provides additional information.

The value of the second letter of the saw marking

Letter The letter value Appointment
F bimetallic canvas The most durable and durable
O narrow canvas For a figured cut
P fat Allows sawing strictly perpendicular to the surface
R with back tooth For coated surfaces
X with variable tooth size Universal cloth, suitable for cutting any materials

Where the shank ends and the canvas begins, the steel marking is indicated.

Importance of steel marking

steel grade Name of steel Materials for which
CV Chrome Vanadium Steel Wood and wood plates
HCS High-carbon steel Wood, wood boards and plastic
HSS Quick cut Ferrous and non-ferrous metals
HM Hard alloy based on tungsten carbide Ceramics, glass, fiberglass

On the canvas there are inscriptions indicating the appointment of a file

The meaning of the inscriptions on the canvas

Inscription Materials for which
Wood Softwood and fibreboards
Hardwood Hardwood and laminated panels
Inox Stainless steel
Alu Aluminum
Metal Tin, metal profiles and pipes
Fiber & amp; laster Fiberglass plastic
Soft-material Rubber, expanded polystyrene, cardboard
Acrylic Polycarbonate and Plexiglas

On the canvas can be marked the types of work for which this file is intended

Marking of types of work

Notation Types of jobs
basic Standard linens for high-quality cut
speed For fast cutting
clean For a clean cut (without wiring)
progressor Universal files with variable tooth size
flexible Woven fabrics for wavy cutting for metal cutting
special For cutting ceramics, plastics and other highly specialized works

Classification of saws by type of material being processed

Most of the saw blades are made for working with wood. Therefore, saws for wood are designed for different types of work:

  • quick res. Such cloths are used if the cutting speed is more important than the accuracy of the cut. The canvas has the following characteristics:
    • length more than 60 mm;
    • large tooth size. Reaches 6 mm;
    • a divorce of about 1 mm;
      The quick cutter blade is large
  • clean cut. The opposite of the previous type of work. Fabric characteristics:
    • tooth size about 3 mm;
    • small divorce;
      The saw blade for a clean cut is small
  • figured res. Special canvases are used, which neatly cut out the curly sections. Characteristics of saws:
    • canvas up to 4 mm;
    • teeth up to 2 mm;
    • length less than 40 mm;
    • on the back side of the bevel;
      A file for a figured cut

The metal files have a small tooth size. But aluminum uses canvases with teeth about three millimeters. They are made of strong steel.

Saws for metal

Saws for metal

Polymers use saws with the same dimensions as wood saw blades.

Saws for polymers

Saws for polymers

Cloths for ceramic tiles and glass instead of teeth have a diamond coating.

A file for ceramics and glass

A file for ceramics and glass with diamond coverings

For cutting materials containing gypsum or sand, use saws with inserts of hard alloys, as the teeth are quickly blunt.

Saw logs for plasterboard

A saw for gypsum plasterboard with inserts from hard alloys

Very soft billets, such as rubber or cardboard, are treated with a cloth with waves instead of teeth.

A file for a soft material

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A file for a soft material

There are saws of universal purpose, made of a quick-cut. They can saw wood, metal, plastic. But the quality will be low. If you need a beautiful smooth cut, then use a highly specialized tool.

Universal sawing

Universal sawing

How to choose electric jigsaw for home

For optimal selection of jigsaw, you need to take into account the characteristics and availability of additional functions.

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Criteria for choosing a jigsaw:

  • power. Shows energy consumption and efficiency. The thickness depends on the ability to cut thick parts, the sawing speed and the time of continuous work;
  • sole. Each jigsaw has a support sole that improves accuracy. For sawing at an inclination, the sole rotates in both directions. Some models can choose any angle up to 45 degrees, others - the rotation occurs only at certain angles, which is not very convenient. There are jigsaws with the ability to adjust the rotation without additional tools;
  • speed adjustment. The presence of this option extends the tool's capabilities, because different materials can not be sawed at the same speed. If the number of revolutions of your jigsaw is less than 1000, then it will not take plastic. But do not forget that at very high speeds, such as for processing wood, the plastic will melt;
  • swapping the canvas. It is also called a pendulum stroke. This movement of the saw goes forwards and backwards. Increases cutting speed, but quality deteriorates. If speed is important with a large amount of work and without high requirements for cutting quality, it is a very useful function;
  • laser pointer. It makes it possible to do a very accurate cutting on the markings. Even the ingress of sawdust into the cutting zone does not spoil its trajectory;
  • attachment saws. The type of attachment can support different types of shank or the one used in this tool. Also, in specific models, there is a possibility to quickly replace the rigging with one hand;
  • work area illumination. The whole working surface with its irregularities is visible. It is convenient when working in places with low illumination;
  • ergonomics. It is caused by balancing and rubber inserts. If the tool is comfortable to hold in your hand, then ergonomics is good;
  • equipment. Electric jigsaws are completed with a box, tarpaulin bag or case. The bag does not get wet, but there are no additional parts for accessories. The case is resistant to shock and does not get wet. It has special departments for consumables and accessories;
  • connection to a vacuum cleaner. If there is a nozzle for blowing sawdust, a vacuum cleaner can be connected to it;
  • availability of additional functions:
    • Increasing the stroke frequency improves performance, but the tooling wears out quickly;
    • automatic blowing of sawdust from the cutting line;
    • turn the blade 360 ​​degrees useful when cutting circles.

Choosing a jigsaw

Additional accessories jigsaw:

  • a table for fixing the instrument in the workplace;
  • connector for guides;
    Connector for guides
  • guide with millimeter scale kwb line master 7844 00;
    Guide with millimeter scale
  • gon for guide;
    Angle for guide rail
  • splinter liner.
    Anticiposterior liner

The choice of a professional or household appliance

The main difference between professional jigsaw and household jigs is high wear resistance and more intensive work. They can be operated for 10 hours, changing the nozzles and processing different materials. The quality of the result is not reduced. If only the wizard does not get tired and start making mistakes. When using a household tool, it is necessary to break for at least 10 minutes every third of an hour. And work no more than 3-4 hours a day. As a rule, this is enough for domestic use with electric jigsaw.

When choosing a more powerful tool, consider, then with increasing this characteristic, the weight increases. The most suitable option for everyday life is jigsaws with a power of 500 to 650 watts. They allow you to achieve a cutting thickness in wood up to 70 mm and in metal up to 5 mm. If you need indicators of 160 mm for wood and 35 mm for metal, then take a more powerful jigsaw.

Operation of the jigsaw

Before work prepare the necessary equipment.

Instrument Setup

  1. Take the bracket to replace the canvas. Loosen the fastening bolt. Insert the desired saw blade and tighten the bolt. Similarly, the saw blade is replaced.
    Replacement of the file
  2. If you have a quick swap replacement function, then turn the lever of the corresponding knot.
    Quick-change sawing function
  3. Adjust the travel frequency. The harder the material, the lower the frequency. The tree is sawn at maximum speed. Metal - two times lower. For plastic, the speed is, times less than the maximum. The tile is processed at low speed.
  4. Install the pendulum stroke. It is used for thick wooden workpieces. There are three positions of the regulator: 1 - thickness 30-40 mm; 2 - thickness 40-50 mm; 3 - more than 50 mm.
    Swap switch

Work with an electric jigsaw

  1. Fasten the part to the workbench.
  2. Install the device with the cutting edge to the part. Turn it on. Do not press on the canvas, lead it along the line drawn. If you apply excessive force in the sawing process, the blade may break.
  3. Dampened snapping immediately, so that there was no heavy load on the engine, and the device did not fail.
  4. To make a long cut parallel to the edge, use a ruler and a rail. Measure out the required distance. Place the rail along the cutting line, fix it on the workpiece with a clamp. Move the tool parallel to the slats.
  5. For sawing at an angle, loosen the platform fastening. Set the angle of the desired value. Tighten the bracket.
  6. To cut an even circle, connect the guide to the center. It is included in the tool kit. Fasten it in the middle. Drive the jigsaw around the center.
  7. When cutting patterns, fix the jigsaw on the table. Then you will see the whole picture. You can use two hands to guide the part along the desired path.
  8. To work with thin metal, place a plywood under it, so that the workpiece is not deformed.

How to fix a jigsaw on the table

If you convert a regular jig saw to a desktop version, then its possibilities will expand.

  1. Take the table top with a thickness of 12-15 mm. Drill in it and in the platform of the jig saw four holes.
  2. Place the table top on a base with a thickness of at least 22 mm. Tighten the jig saw.
    Attaching the jig saw to the table
  3. If it has a nozzle for blowing sawdust, you can connect a vacuum cleaner. To do this, make a round hole in the back of the table base and slide the hose from the vacuum cleaner.
    Connecting the jigsaw to the vacuum cleaner
  4. Now you can saw.
    Ready-made table with jigsaw

How to work with electric jigsaw

What should I do if the tool cuts crookedly

First, determine one of the two reasons, then proceed with its elimination.

  1. Do saws along and across the fibers. If the saw goes only along, then replace it. If the defect is repeated in both cases, you need to adjust the guide assembly.
  2. Some people solve the problem by adjusting the video.
    Support roller
  3. To do this, loosen its mount and slide it forward or backward.
    Customize the video
  4. In others, adjust the guide rivets. They are bolted. Loosen them and set the desired position.
    Guides of rusks
  5. Make control cuts. If necessary, repeat the adjustment.

Repair of electric brush with own hands

This tool often breaks the power button and support roller. But other parts and components also fail.

Repairing the support roller

  1. Remove the sole and unscrew the mounting of the roller unit. Remove it.
  2. Remove the axle. Replace the roller. Assemble the assembly and put it back in place.
    Axle and support roller assembly
  3. To adjust, move it forward or backward.
  4. Test the work of the new clip on the cuts.

Replacing the stem

  1. Remove the snap-in. Loosen the platform. It is not necessary to remove it. Unscrew bolts and remove the upper half of the body.
  2. Pull the stem out of the groove.
    Stem in the grooves of the body
  3. Buy exactly the same. It comes complete with an emphasis, holder and sleeves.
    Stock Assembly
  4. Install the new one. Twist the impeller of the shaft and make sure everything moves. Screw the housing.

Replacement of the jaws of the jigsaw

Repair of the saw holder

  1. On the removed stock, unscrew the holder holder.
    Needle holder
  2. Remove it and install a new one.
  3. Insert the file. Adjust the retainer clamp bolts.
  4. Replace the stem.

Replacement of the pendulum mechanism

If the pumping mechanism wears out, it will be necessary to replace the gear shaft and gear.

  1. Disassemble the case. Remove the stem and gear housing.
    The pendulum mechanism
  2. Remove the pusher from the gear.
    The pusher is located on the pinion
  3. To remove the gear from the shaft, remove the circlip.
    Locking ring
  4. Establish a new gear wheel, a lock ring and a pusher.
  5. Insert the assembly into the housing.

Repairing the power button

The button gets a lot of dust. Contacts clogged. The appliance stops turning on. Often repairs are limited to cleaning the button.

  1. Disconnect the wires. The body of the button consists of two parts. Screw the inside of the screwdriver and remove it.
    Disassembly of the power button
  2. Clean all parts from dust. If necessary, remove the deposit from the contacts.
    Dust in the button
  3. Collect all button parts.
    Cleaned button parts
  4. In this case, attach the contacts to a small amount of grease. This counteracts the oxidation and formation of carbon deposits. And it's easier to collect a button, since nothing will fall out.
    Installing the parts for grease
  5. Also place the springs in the trigger on the grease.
    Installing springs for lubrication
  6. Connect the wires to the button and insert it into the grooves.
    Assembled button

Brush and armature replacement

  1. Brushes for jigsaws are very easy to change. Squeeze the brush holder with a screwdriver and remove it.
    Brushes for jigsaw
  2. Take out the anchor. Remove bearings with a puller and install new ones.
    Anchor of the engine
  3. Check the condition of the helical shaft end of the armature. If the teeth are worn out, the anchor must be replaced.
    Helical shaft end of the armature

Which jigsaw is better: customer reviews

Roller Kölner KJS 450, power 450 W, the price of 1130 rubles.

Kolner KJS 450
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Not yet broken. Quality corresponds to the price. In principle, it is suitable for infrequent and short use within the household. There are no many functions. Saaaaamy is the cheapest one available for today. Reliability, of course, is much lower than the more expensive counterparts. If you buy - soberly assess its capabilities.

The user has hidden his data

https://market.yandex.ru/product/11008333/review? id = 763072 & amp; rack = tabs

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Jigsaw Bosch GST 8000 E, power 710 W, the price of 4317 r.

Bosch GST 8000 E
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Powerful, saws smoothly like clockwork (saw file also bosch), there is no vibration at all, it sits well in the hand. The mechanism of fixing the file is very convenient (some complain about it in vain). Skolov and badasses do not exist. Stepless speed control.

Semyonov Vyacheslav

https://market.yandex.ru/product/13005158/review? id = 763072 & amp; rack = tabs

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Jaws Makita 4350FCT, power 720 W, the price of 8575 r.

Makita 4350FCT
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I work with a jig saw professionally, every working day for several hours. Mainly for metal. Very convenient and unpretentious in work. After, -2 years of intensive exploitation the lock of the saw is worn, the stock of the rod with the lock costs in the amount of 1500 rubles. According to the electric motor there is no criticism, it is eternal. A real workhorse for professionals.

The user has hidden his data

https://market.yandex.ru/product/7302343/review? rack = rev_mc_marked & amp; rade_value = 5

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DeWALT DW333K electric jaw, power 701 W, price 12283 r.

DeWALT DW333K
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Convenient, sharp, blows out chips, ovno cuts along the line, adjusting the speed, the ability to connect the vacuum cleaner, quick change of blade and angle of cut with a single push, the line of the cable is 4 m

Barykin Sergey

https://market.yandex.ru/product/7301977/review? id = 763072 & amp; rack = tabs

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Jigsaw Kress 650 SPS, power 650 W, price 20 250 р.

Kress 650 SPS
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Powerful, convenient, high-quality plastic, did repairs in the apartment, the floor laid them for a day 47 sq. M on a diagonal, karoch works to this day.

Pental Nikolay

https://market.yandex.ru/product/7302336/review? id = 763072 & amp; rack = tabs

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The electric jigsaw allows you to perform many operations with different materials. With the help of settings, work is easy and fast, saves time and effort. A variety of functions allows you to choose a tool for your tasks. Repair jigsaw is simple.

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