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Рекомендации Первые Первые Первые Первые Первые Первые Первые Первые и гру гру гру и и гру гру иA colon-shaped plum with poorly developed or absent skeletal branches is an even greater rarity, but the advantages of an unusual culture already interest both summer residents and owners of farm gardens.
A natural mutation of fruit plants, leading to a form that is unconventional for trees, was noticed and fixed. As a result, today, enthusiasts have at their disposal several varieties with large fruits of universal purpose.
Features of the columnar plum
Ordinary plums are rather tall. Many Orta are prone to excessive crown density, which interferes with care, contributes to the spread of pests and diseases, and also makes it difficult to collect ripe fruit. The crown structure of the columnar plum is quite different. The height of an adult tree does not exceed 2–2.5 meters, while there are no large skeletal branches on the trunk, and fruiting takes place only on bouquet branches no more than 15–20 cm long.
With proper planting and care, colony-shaped plums on strong rootstocks are already 2–4 year begin to bear fruit. What are the other advantages of growing fruit trees with a narrow, practically unbranching crown?
During the season, the summer resident can collect from 5 to 10 kg of sweet fruits from a columnar tree. This crop is much less than the usual varietal plants. But if we consider that plum-column trees are planted more often, the yield of the garden rises sharply. In addition, maintenance and care of planting colonic drains is much easier. The small crown is easily accessible for pollinating insects, it is ventilated and illuminated through the sun.
The only minus of the columnar plum is a relatively short century of wood. By the age of ten, aging begins, and the yield will naturally fall. Therefore, gardeners interested in intensive fruiting should advance, at least partially update the planting.
Today, gardeners in kennels can find several varieties of plums with a compact crown in the shape of a green column.
Colum-shaped plum Blue Sweet
For private gardens from the Moscow region to the southern regions, the column-shaped plum Blue Sweet is suitable. Trees with a height of up to 2.5 meters are distinguished by a small stem, an extremely rare formation of side branches and abundant fruiting. On fruit trees with competent agricultural technology, it ripens up to 15 kilograms of large dark blue fruits. If the summer is warm enough, the fruits that are not prone to cracking gain weight up to 60–70 grams. Under the covered with a gray wax bloom the skin hides a juicy, bright yellow flesh of sweet-sour taste.
A nice bonus for lovers of fresh fruits of the Blue Sweet variety will be an oval-pointed bone easily separated from the melting pulp.
To harvest the plums are ready at 3-4 weeks of August or at the beginning of September. A columnar variety of plum belongs to the winter-hardy and withstands the cold of the middle lane without additional shelter. To obtain a massive crop, the plant requires pollinators, for example, Stanley trees planted next to it.
Collar-shaped plum Imperial
The tree up to two meters high has a narrow pyramid shape with sparse side branches. In young plants of the columnar plum Imperial there is a high growth rate, which significantly slows down by 3-4 years, when the time of fruiting begins.
Medium-sized elongated, without pubescent pubescence appear after flowering in the first decade of May. Abundant ovary tightly covers the bouquet twigs, and as it ripens from green it becomes pinkish-purple or dark burgundy. Thin, covered with a bluish patina of skin, hides the yellow or pinkish flesh. Plums of this grade:
- accumulates sweetness well;
- have low acidity;
- spread a light fruity scent.
Mass ripening begins in mid-August, and, the further south, the better the quality of fruits weighing from 40 to 60 grams.
Like many varieties, the colon-shaped plum Imperial is a self-fruit crop requiring planting of pollinating trees. They are selected, focusing on the timing of common flowering.
After removal from plum branches, they can be stored for up to two weeks, until they can be used fresh, preserved or cooked.
Recommendations for planting and caring for a columnar drain
The main danger that awaits a summer resident who has decided to grow a columnar plum is damage to the apical growth bud. Most often this occurs during the freezing of very young seedlings. The tree limited in growth actively forms lateral branches. Crohn loses its original form, yields quickly fall. To avoid this, it is important:
- correctly select the landing time;
- find a suitable plot;
- plant the young fruit tree correctly;
- immediately provide it with proper care, including watering and power.
In the middle lane, in the Urals and other regions, where frequent autumn frosts and chills come very early, regional varieties of colon-shaped plums are planted only in spring. South of the Chernozem region, this crop can be planted in the fall, providing reliable protection from the wind, rodents and snowless wintering.
On a flat, sunny plot with light fertile soil, plums are planted at least 50 cm away from each other. Between the rows in this garden do about one and a half meters.
Care after planting a columnar plum differs little from a traditional one. To accelerate rooting, after the seedlings hit the ground, it is useful to feed them with growth stimulants, activating the growth of the root system. Pruning trees is reduced to sanitary, that is, damaged, frozen and dried branches are promptly removed. If the tip is damaged, the point of growth is transferred to one of the suitable rings.