Plant hibiscus garden and its varieties
In total, there are 200 varieties of hibiscus in nature, and the number of breeders has increased to 500. All cultural types are divided according to the form of development:
- grassy varieties;
Cultivation and care of garden hibiscuses is an exciting experience. In landscape design, all types of plants occupy special niches. Grassy varieties winter well under shelter and give beautiful curtains, masking economic structures.
Planting and care of hibiscus garden - photo - bush, allows you to get a hedge and a variety of composition formation. It is especially easy to work with unpretentious Syrian hibiscus. The shrub became the most widespread in the mild climate of the middle lane. It is easier to cover for winter conservation.
In order to grow hibiscus garden in an unusual climate, care and reproduction must follow the recommendations of breeders. The main operations are:
- select the planting site;
- water and feed;
- to prepare for the winter.
Care includes planting protection from pests, diseases and the creation of decorative forms.
In a bright sunny place and without a transplant, hibiscus garden can grow up to 20 years. The location chosen should be protected from wind and scorching sunlight. Planting plants from a container or transplanting should be carried out in the spring, when the plant is full of vitality. Saplings planted well-developed plants. Mostly transplanted bushes overwintering in a container in warmth.
Correct rooting of hibiscus
The strong root system of a plant consists of a central stem with processes. A hibiscus transplant is not needed if it gets enough nutrition. Therefore, the landing pit is prepared in advance. It is dug out with a reserve so that the roots have a place for development at first in loose earth. Down stack nutritional composition:
- turf earth - 2 parts;
- leafy ground - 2 parts;
- ripened humus - 1 part;
- coarse sand - 1 part.
Pour half a bucket of water. On the pillow arrange the roots, without damage, with the expectation that the upper tier will be at the level of the surface. Only light roots work on the plant, old ones take nutrients for themselves.
Gently pour in and compact the ground, and spud up and water the top of the novosadka so that the ground between the roots is compacted. In the photo, planting and subsequent care of hibiscus tree.
If the plant needs to be transplanted to a new place, then the best time is in spring before flowering. At the same time, the upper roots are removed, and the tree is moved to a new place without destroying the earthy coma. That the plant could feed the upper part, before transplanting do trimming of the crown.
Regular feeding of phosphate-potassium fertilizers is important in the cultivation and care of hibiscus garden. Phosphorus activates flowering, and potassium improves the plant's winter hardiness. Juice with a high content of potassium salts do not like the aphids, the main pest of the plant.
Formation of an ornamental plant
In some areas with cold winters, garden hibiscus is grown as a tub plant. If three plants with different colors are grown in one container, then intertwining the trunks in the process of growth you can get a multicolor composition with a common trunk, as in the photo of a garden tree hibiscus.
In the spring, with the advent of new stems, the old dry twigs are removed. Pruning needed necessarily bloom only young branches. Therefore, remove the extra branches before the sap flow in the spring. Old branches are carved, shoots of the last year are shortened by a quarter. Bushes by systematic pruning can be given the desired shape. There are several types of pruning:
- stimulating, in early spring;
- thinning, removal of dried, weakened shoots;
- autumn, after flowering;
- for survival, when leaving a minimum ground mass.
Watering and spraying hibiscus
Water for irrigation needs rain or river settled with low hardness. Watering the plant requires moderate, depending on the drying of the topsoil. If it's hot outside, watering can be daily. Leaves need to be cleaned from dust and prevent these spider mites from occurring. If the color starts to fall off massively - not enough moisture. Chlorosis warns about watering with water with chlorine or iron. There is no violation, if a beautiful flower falls in a day. To replace him should bloom another. The danger signal is the mass abscission of flowers and unopened buds. And most often the cause of the disease hibiscus garden is incorrect watering.
To save from aphids, the plant should be sprayed with water from the ashes from cigars or cigarettes. Aphid does not tolerate the smell of lavender growing next to hibiscus. Therefore, measures should be taken in advance so that the delicate leaves of the hibiscus do not interest the insect.
Preparing for wintering is a crucial step.
Garden tree hibiscus drops leaves in winter. In the middle lane, it grows no higher than two meters. Hibiscus blooms from July until the first frost. Varieties that do not freeze during the southern mild winter are considered to be frost resistant. In the middle lane, tropical plants need shelter. For cultivation here should use varieties with simple non-double flowers.
Watering the plant copiously in winter, after drying the top layer, spud high, but sand is added to the ground by a third. When a steady frosty weather is established, the plant is filled with shavings, sawdust, dry leaves - loose bedding about 15 cm tall.
Twigs, as far as possible, bend down to the ground, covered with dense non-woven material in several rows. A carcass is being built on top, on which insulating materials and coniferous spruce branches subsequently lay. The photo shows how the garden hibiscus winters in the garden.
In temperate latitudes, tree hibiscus can winter only with insulated roots, but it is necessary to prepare a framework for rescue in extreme conditions. In areas with a continental climate, hibiscus garden is guaranteed to be kept in cellars, having dug up a plant with a large clod of earth.
Grassy hibiscus will winter, if it is warmed, after the ground part has died.
Reproduction of hibiscus garden
Reproduces hibiscus easily by cuttings and seeds. Both methods are used, but cutting makes an ornamental bush faster. Seed method allows you to get an adult flowering plant in 3 years.
For cuttings, lignified, carved shoots are suitable, which give a whisk of roots in water. The best cuttings can be planted in pots and planted after the winter to a permanent place. Root cuttings can be in the substrate. But a strong bush that has become stronger during the summer, ready for wintering, is obtained from the over-wintered and grown up sapling.