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Can give birth by à in unusual circumstances? Dieffenbachia, whose reproduction in nature has been worked out for centuries, in captivity gives offspring easily. Get a new bush quickly growing flower over the summer. Used seed and vegetative reproduction.
How to propagate dieffenbachia at home
In practical breeding, the seed method is rarely used for several reasons. Dieffenbachia flowers appear in conditions close to tropical, which is unattainable in the apartment. Color spike contains male and female inflorescences on opposite sides. Pollination by hand is not always effective. Therefore, the seed method is used by specialists, creating new varieties. How does dieffenbachia reproduce in amateur gardens on the windowsill?
Vegetative propagation methods of the tropican
Dieffenbachia is a poisonous plant. Her milky sap can cause laryngeal edema, asphyxiation. The consequence of poisoning may be blindness. Especially the plant is dangerous for children and animals. When working with it, you should protect open areas of the body, wear glasses and rubber gloves.
Vegetative is considered to be obtaining new plants by rooting various parts of the ground bush. At the same time, special conditions are created for root germination. It is necessary that the part located in damp earth or water does not rot, but gives the beginnings of life, small roots. For reproduction using:
- stem cuttings;
- air cuts.
If rooting is carried out in the ground, then you need to use peat and sand in an equal ratio. In this case, the soil must be sterilized. The composition is poured into a wide bowl, moistened with distilled water. In the process of germination, the temperature of the substrate should be 25-27 degrees, which can be done by a bottom thermostat. Cover the greenhouse with a jar or bag, but be sure to air and monitor the humidity.
Reproduction of Dieffenbachia cuttings includes a number of preparatory operations.
The best rooting will be with spring planting material. If the cuttings are taken without leaves, then a length of 20-15 cm, the sections are treated with crushed coal and Kornevin, laid horizontally, sprinkled up to half with earth. Then new leaves will appear all over the stem in 10 months. You need to plant a whole branch of Dieffenbachia, breeding is carried out, not cutting it into fragments. Plant for rooting a long stalk can be tilted, with a recess of not more than 2 cm from one end.
The cuttings with leaves can be germinated in water or in a small school. But at the same time it is necessary to wipe and moisten the leaves, to air the greenhouse, to prevent mold. Appeared roots should grow up to 2-3 cm in length. In the water must be activated carbon. Sprout roots in the water way within two months.
Rooting tops better in water. Lower stem scapes root better in the soil. The middle part of the shoot equally well forms the roots in the water and substrate.
Air cuts can be obtained if the dieffenbachia barrel is incised in several places and inserted into the spacer slots. To process the open places by Kornevin, to wrap up in a damp pillow from moss. In open sections, located 5 mm along the branch, the awakened buds will give roots. After this, the twig is cut and planted in the prepared substrate.
How to propagate Dieffenbachia after grafting
The emerged rudiments of the root system will not be able to provide food for the land part of the plants. They need to be transplanted into nutrient soil and rooted. For planting choose a spacious pot, a layer of drainage is placed high, so that excess water can be easily filtered. The best land will be sour mixture for growing decorative leaf crops. During the reproduction of dieffenbachia at home, the young tender plant is watered only with warm boiled water, adding a root formation stimulator. A sign that the roots began to work will be growing green at the tips of the shoots.
All these breeding methods allow you to save the signs of the mother plant. After cutting the planting material, there is a stump from the old bush that rises 10 cm above the ground. If it is watered regularly, avoiding complete drying out of a lump of earth, stepchildren will grow on the post giving rise to a new bush. True, you should be patient. The process takes several months.
Propagating Dieffenbachia is fascinating. It grows quickly, leaves are decorative and develop one after another. For greater clarity, the main methods of breeding Dieffenbachia on video .