video Once an enterprising fan of exotic plants - Governor Haiti Mistely Begun Haiti Misteye BeekeeExploring the local flora, scientists discovered an unusually beautiful flower and called it begonia. That is how the name of Mr. Begona, who sponsored this trip in 1687, was perpetuated.
The plant is the most numerous genus, which has more than 1000 species of flowers. It can grow high in the mountains, in tropical rain forests, as well as in subtropical latitudes. A huge number of species and varieties of begonia grows in South America, where it was discovered. It is also found in the Himalayas and in Africa. Some botanists believe that the birthplace of a unique flower is the African continent. It was from there that the begonia spread on the ground.
General information about the exotic beauty
Begonia grows on earth in various ways. Gardeners say:
- creeping grass;
- in the form of small bushes;
- high upright options.
The root system of the plant is well developed, which allows begonias to grow not only in residential areas, but also outdoors. The root is a tuberous species, branched or fibrous.
Leaves "overseas" beauties have an asymmetrical shape. On the edge is a wavy rim. Some varieties have whole leaves, others - cut into small slices. The bottom of the plate is red, purple or brown. And on top they come in not only plain green, but also in other shades. In addition, they are decorated with various patterns, specks or strokes. There are types of begonias, which have tender villus on the stems and leaves.
Begonia flowers are small bunches consisting of inflorescences of different sizes. They are:
- snow white;
- different shades of edging petals.
In each inflorescence, begonia has flowers of different genders. Because of this, it is pollinated. After this, an unusual triangular box with tiny seeds grows. The plant blooms the whole summer until late autumn. Homemade varieties - delight the eye before the onset of winter.
Enchanting Begonia Species
A huge number of exotic exotic strangers are amazing. In the natural environment, botanists counted 1600 different species. But only a little more than a hundred of them are used for decorative decoration of the interior or landscape.
Begonia came to Russia during the reign of Peter I. Several species are mentioned in the catalog of tropical flowers, which were brought in 1717 from Holland. Nowadays in the botanical gardens of Moscow, St. Petersburg and Novosibirsk grow unique collections of exotic plants.
Russian botanist Vorontsov V.V conditionally singled out such categories of begonias:
- . Decorative and deciduous.
- Beautiful Flowering.
Classification was carried out on the external grounds of the plant and its application in horticulture.
Decorative leaf begonia
Plants of this type do not have a main stem, and fancy pubescent leaves grow from the rhizome. They come in different shapes and shades. Green, silvery, white, brown and red leaves are most common. In addition, they are originally painted with multicolored patterns, specks and external edges.
These plants mainly grow indoors. Because of this, caring for begonia at home requires a competent approach. Key points to consider:
- properly selected lighting;
- air humidity control;
- regular moderate watering;
- seasonal top dressing of the soil;
- periodic plant transplant.
Given these moments, the gardener will always rejoice at the flourishing decorative begonias.
With a lack of diffused lighting, the leaves lose their decorative effect, so it is important to choose the right place for planting a flower.
Tuberous plants have a specific rhizome, from which translucent stems of fleshy character emerge. They grow up to 50 cm in height. Flowers are ordinary or terry, resembling peonies or roses, small or large size. In inflorescences and in a single version. It is during the flowering period that it is important to know how to care for begonia so that it pleases the eye as long as possible.
Tuberous begonia is of three types: grassy, shrub and ampelous, grown in hanging pots. Its heart-shaped leaves are:
And their color absorbed all shades of green. This begonia begins to bloom in May and ends in October. A truly charming gift from the Creator.
Shrub species of begonias
All species of shrub begonias are distinguished by an articulated stem resembling bamboo. On it sprawling branches grow densely. Such plants are propagated by sowing seeds or cuttings. It is best to use the young shoots of the tops of the ornamental shrub.
It is possible to grow shrub begonias at a temperature of 15 degrees throughout the year. If the air warms up to 10 degrees, the plant dies. These species love bright diffused light, fresh air and moisture. Therefore, competent care for begonia - a pledge of a chic living interior.
In order for the plant to get enough water, the pot is put on a layer of gravel with constant access of liquid.
When sluggish or dried leaves appear on begonia bushes, they should be removed immediately. Thus, healthy leaves will not suffer, and the plant will long delight with its beauty.
Begonias flowering blossoms
Absolute favorites of all grades of begonias are flowering options. They have surpassed their tuber and leafy relatives.
Flowering varieties grow in the form of magnificently shaped bushes, decorated with clusters of cute inflorescences. Their height reaches half a meter. The leaves of the plant are asymmetric heart-shaped. Along the edges they have a serrated fringing. Color - various shades of green. New varieties of blooming begonias delight lovers of live decorations with purple leaf color.
Description of popular begonia varieties
A unique overseas beauty won the hearts of thousands of gardeners. Therefore, it is grown in household plots and in residential buildings. Acquaintance with the famous varieties of charming begonias will help to find the coveted flower.
Corallina or coral begonia
Flowers of such begonia are of two shades: pink or orange-red. Sheet plate silver with streaks of olive color. Its back side is in red. Looking at the photo you can see the flowers begonias gorgeous brush from miniature bright pink flowers. Most often they bloom in winter.
Corallina grows up to almost a meter in height. Therefore, it fits harmoniously into the garden interior in hanging pots. Care and cultivation of begonias at home requires a serious attitude. Thanks to this, the plant will delight its fans for 5 years.
Royal look -
Griffin Begonia with such an exotic name can be almost half a meter high. It differs from its relatives with huge decorative leaves. They grow it to decorate and emphasize the contrast in winter gardens. In summer, the Griffin begonia is planted on the open ground surrounded by other herbaceous plants.
This type of begonia is quite resistant to weather conditions. He does not require special soil, and he is not fastidious to watering. Begonia grows well in containers in a residential area, as well as in a shaded area of the garden.
Decorative version of the begonias - Rex
This hybrid is derived from the royal begonia varieties. Usually it does not grow up to 25 cm in height. This is a fairly small plant. It is characterized by inconspicuous pink inflorescences.
Leaf plate - wide, oval shape. The edges are notched. There are such colors:
- gray or silver;
- purple or burgundy;
- red or blood;
- pale pink.
A variety can be diluted by dividing a bush into parts or using cuttings. Loves shady areas of the garden with medium humidity.
The name of the plant was due to the fact that the back side of its leaves is colored red. Their shape resembles an uneven circle. A soft pink inflorescences - an incredible decoration of the bush.
Usually the plant is not large. His fleshy stem gracefully pressed to the ground, which resembles a polite bow of a servant to the good lord.
This type of original looks on hanging vases. If the red begonia is not blooming, care at home will allow you to create thick beautiful bushes.
Begonia loves moderate air temperature and shading places. Therefore, when choosing a landing site, these factors should be taken into account.
Cuff or collar begonia
This variety has a creeping stem with light green leaves. Along the edges they are slightly lowered, and on the back side they are decorated with red outgrowths. On top of the sheet, they form a miniature outlet that looks like a collar or cuffs. Hence the unusual name.
Adult begonia cuffs can bloom up to 5 times per season. This makes it possible to create a chic design indoors. The plant multiplies by cutting and by dividing the bush.
Metallic pollination is observed on each sheet of begonia metal. Due to this, the plant got its name. It feels great at any temperature. It grows up to 90 cm in height.
Metallic begonia needs moderate watering. At the same time in the room should be low humidity. The soil is acidic. It reproduces with the help of leaves, which are previously kept in water or sand. Room begonia should not be sprayed, just pour water in a plate under the pot.
In order for the plant to have a beautiful shape and grow evenly, it is recommended to regularly rotate it around its axis. These simple movements create real masterpieces.
Original live decoration - tiger begonia
The name of the plant was due to the stylish color of the leaves. Sometimes it is called Bower. The brown-olive plate is decorated with small green specks on the edges. Each leaf is heart-shaped with pointed ends. Length - about 7 centimeters.
Looking at a plant, you involuntarily recall a stately animal with a similar color. Begonia of this type is capable of rapid growth, due to which an original decorative version is formed. It multiplies by transplanting cuttings.
In spring and summer, the plant should be watered moderately. Especially comfortable Bauer develops with ambient lighting. The temperature should not fall lower than 16 degrees.
When watering tiger begonia, it is important to avoid water from falling on the leaves. Otherwise they will lose their decorative look.
The plant with burgundy-colored cuttings, on which dark green leaves are located, attracts the attention of flower-lovers. Begonia Cleopatra can be of short stature, about 35 centimeters.
She does not like extremes - dry air and excessive watering, as well as spraying. Propagated by cuttings of stems or sheets.
Decorative and deciduous variety of Lucerne
Lovers of rich greens prefer the begonia of Lucerne. It has large oval castings, up to 20 cm in size. At the edges, they are originally cut up, which gives the plant some charm. The dark green plate of the leaf is decorated with silvery specks. The back side is reddish.
When begonia blooms, pink inflorescences appear in the form of a brush. It is impossible to remain indifferent, looking at her magical beauty.
Video about varieties of decorative leafy begonia
Having examined only a few varieties of overseas beauty, it can be concluded that its main advantage is leaves. They are incredibly bright colors, original shape and size. There are no similar plants in nature. In addition, each begonia variety is decorated with luxurious flowers. Unpretentious nature of this plant attracts the attention of gardeners. The main thing is to find your begonia among thousands of varieties.