Content of the article:
Spring gradually loses its bright colors and puts everything around in summer pastel colors. The close arrival of the summer heat is also confirmed by faded heads of spring flowers. They have already lost their beauty and are preparing to renew their strength in order to make us happy with a new, even better flowering next year.
The last of spring flowers, at the end of May, hyacinths fade. Such is the fate of this plant: to bloom one of the first and keep the inflorescences to the last. That's when many flower growers face a problem: the hyacinth has faded, what to do with the bulb? The flower bed should always look festive, and the sloppy hyacinth buds spoil the whole look. There is a desire to dig up the plant and plant in its place something more aesthetic, with bright bright petals. Just do not hurry, because the plant, like a man, after hard work, you need to eat tasty and renewed strength.
What to do next, when the hyacinths have faded, prompted by the advice of professional and amateur flower growers.
- Trim the peduncle, at the very base, to prevent the formation of seed pods. When seeds ripen on a plant, it spends a lot of energy. Peduncle hyacinth takes power not only from the ground, but also from the bulb and thereby weakens it. A flower from such a bulb the next year if it appears, it will be small and ugly. Most often, these bulbs are affected by diseases and disappear or do not bloom.
- The last days of spring are often accompanied by intense heat, so evening watering between the rows of hyacinths will be useful for weakened bulbs.
Watering should be plentiful, between rows, not under the plant and no more than once a week. After the leaves appear yellowish, watering should stop.
- Fertilizing with potash and phosphate fertilizers helps the bulb to recover faster and has a beneficial effect on young children, which are formed near the plant. Fertilizer can be applied only a few hours after watering or heavy rain. Otherwise, you can burn the roots of hyacinth and damage the bulb. It is enough to feed the hyacinth once during the formation of the bulb. From an excess of trace elements, onions of hyacinths are poorly stored and overwinter.
- In order for the baby to grow large, after flowering the plant must be spud. Hilling will also protect the plant from the summer sun. The growth point of the peduncle must remain free of soil.
- When digging up hyacinths after flowering, the plant leaves will prompt. Evenly yellowed leaves plates serve as a signal that it’s time to remove the bulbs from the ground.
Waterlogging or illness can also be the cause of yellowing of hyacinth leaves. In the case of waterlogging, the plant is immediately dug out with a clod of earth, neatly placed in a box or on a net, placed in a shaded, dry room. After the earth coma has dried, the onions are separated from the soil, placed in a dark solution of potassium permanganate for a few minutes, dried and sent to storage. In the case of illness, do the same way as the frozen plants, but the bulb is better to process drugs from viruses. Next year, these plants will not give full flowering, but these measures will help to preserve the variety.
- After digging, the hyacinths are dried until the leaves wither and the onions are then treated with diseases and pests. This can be done by soaking in a solution or spray planting material from the sprayer.
- Until September, it is better to store the bulbs in mesh bags suspended in a dark, dry room. It is advisable to calibrate the planting material. Large onions are always healthy and less likely to be affected by diseases, pests during storage.
If everything is clear with street plants, what to do when the hyacinths in the flowerpot faded in June or September? The main thing is not to throw away the pot with the plant - it will still delight with beauty. There are several ways to do it:
- Cut the peduncle and take care of hyacinth, like an ordinary houseplant, gradually reducing watering throughout the month, until the leaves turn yellow. It is not necessary to feed the potted hyacinth, as there is a sufficient amount of trace elements in the purchased soil. After the leaves fall, it is necessary to put the pot with the soil in a dark, dry place and store there until spring. In the spring, by way of transshipment, plant a plant in the garden. Most often, this is done with hyacinths, with summer or autumn blooms.
- If a hyacinth in a pot was donated by the spring holidays and bloomed before the onset of May, then after the leaves wither, the onion is removed from the soil, dried and stored in a refrigerator until September. In the fall it is planted in the soil on a par with others.
With regular abundant watering in a pot, a hyacinth can please the flower again, but this will finally drain the bulb. She will not be suitable for landing.
Do you need to dig up hyacinths after flowering: pro and against
Often, beginner gardeners have doubts whether they need to dig up hyacinths after flowering, because they have never come from the soil after they have flown out of the soil, they didn’tand bloom again in spring. That's right, the plants will bloom in the spring, but not so beautiful. Regular digging of spring bulbs is carried out in order to:
- get more planting material with the help of children, and in the summer in the soil most of them die from heat or excessive moisture;
- protect planting material from rotting and disease;
- prevent the degeneration of a variety that occurs when infected with viruses.
It is also important to know when digging hyacinth bulbs. The best time is the second decade of June. You can not dig out the bulbs immediately after heavy rains, as they contain a lot of moisture, and in the period of strong heat. It is better to do this after lunch or on an overcast day.
With proper care for hyacinth after flowering, the bulb will always be big and healthy, with a considerable number of big babies, which will flourish next spring. Now the question of what to do when the hyacinths have faded will not put anyone in a dead end. It is important not only to buy a plant, but also to learn everything about the conditions for its cultivation.